1851 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1851.

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named phytosaurs[edit]

Plesiosaurs[edit]

Newly named plesiosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Cimoliasaurus

Valid

Leidy

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Navesink Formation

 United States

An elasmosaurid.

Discosaurus

Valid

Leidy

Late Cretaceous

 United States

A dubious elasmosaurid.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Lea, I. 1851. Remarks on the bones of a fossil reptilian quadruped. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 5: pp. 171-172.