1852 Democratic National Convention
|1852 Presidential Election|
Pierce and King
|Date(s)||June 1-June 5, 1852|
|Presidential Nominee||Franklin Pierce of
|Vice Presidential Nominee||William R. King of Alabama|
|‹ 1848 · 1856 ›|
The 1852 Democratic National Convention was held at the Maryland Institute in the eastern downtown business district of Baltimore, Maryland, just two weeks before the opposing Whig Party met in the same hall for their nominating convention. The Maryland Institute, then an academic institution with a variety of curriculums including mechanical arts and visual art and design, was located on the second floor of their recently constructed 1851 structure with two clock towers at each end of the long structure set atop arched, stone and brick piers which covered the ancient "Centre Market", founded 1784. Located at Market Place and South Frederick Street between East Baltimore Street on the north and Water Street (old colonial shoreline) to the south. It was also known as "Marsh Market" because of the old colonial marsh of Thomas Harrison then located along the western bank of the Jones Falls stream which flowed through downtown Baltimore to the Harbor), and east of "The Basin" (today's "Inner Harbor re-developed entertainment, commercial and hotel area) along the northern shore of the Patapsco River's Northwest Branch.
This convention was notable for the hostility between several groups of the party, divided over the Compromise of 1850. The convention was called to order by Democratic National Committee chairman Benjamin F. Hallett. Romulus M. Saunders served as the temporary convention chairman and John W. Davis served as the permanent convention president.
Withdrew During Balloting
As Democrats convened in Baltimore in June 1852, four major candidates vied for the nomination- Lewis Cass of Michigan, the nominee in 1848, who had the backing of northerners in support of the Compromise of 1850; James Buchanan of Pennsylvania, popular in the South as well as in his home state; Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, candidate of the expansionists and the railroad interests; and William L. Marcy of New York, whose strength was centered in his home state. Throughout the balloting, numerous favorite son candidates received a few votes.
Cass led on the first 19 ballots, with Buchanan second, and Douglas and Marcy exchanging third and fourth places. Buchanan took the lead on the 20th ballot and retained it on each of the next nine tallies. Douglas managed a narrow lead on the 30th and 31st ballots. Cass then recaptured first placed through the 44th ballot. Marcy carried the next four ballots. Franklin Pierce of New Hampshire, a former Congressman and Senator, did not get on the board until the 35th ballot, when the Virginia delegation brought him forward as a compromise choice. He consolidated his support in subsequent voting and was nominated nearly unanimously on the 49th ballot.
In a peace gesture to the Buchanan wing of the party, Pierce's supporters allowed Buchanan's allies to fill the second position, knowing that they would select Alabama Senator William R. King. On the second ballot, with only minor opposition, King finally obtained the Democratic Vice Presidential nomination. During the ensuing campaign, King's tuberculosis, which he believed he had contracted while in Paris, denied him the active behind-the-scenes role that he might otherwise have played, although he worked hard to assure his region's voters that New Hampshire's Pierce was a "northern man with southern principles."
|William L. Marcy||27||27||26||25||26||26||26||26||27||27||27||27||26||26||26||26||26||25||26||26||26||26||27||26||26|
|Stephen A. Douglas||20||23||21||33||34||34||34||34||39||40||50||51||51||51||51||51||50||56||63||64||64||77||78||80||79|
|William L. Marcy||26||26||26||26||26||26||26||25||33||34||58||70||84||85||85||85||91||91||91||97||98||95||89||0|
|Stephen A. Douglas||80||85||88||91||92||92||80||60||53||52||43||34||33||33||33||33||33||33||33||32||32||33||33||2|
Vice Presidential Ballots
|Vice Presidential Ballot|
|William R. King||125||277|
|Solomon W. Downs||30||0|
|John B. Weller||28||0|
|David R. Atchison||25||0|
|Gideon J. Pillow||25||0|
|William O. Butler||13||0|
|Thomas J. Rusk||13||0|
- William DeGregorio, The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents, Gramercy 1997
|Democratic National Conventions||Succeeded by