1852 in science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1842 . 1843 . 1844 . 1845 . 1846 . 1847 . 1848 ...
1849 1850 1851 -1852- 1853 1854 1855
... 1856 . 1857 . 1858 . 1859 . 1860 . 1861 . 1862 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- August Beer proposes Beer's law, which explains the relationship between the composition of a mixture and the amount of light it will absorb. Based partly on earlier work by Pierre Bouguer and Johann Heinrich Lambert, it establishes the analytical technique known as spectrophotometry.
- January 15 - Nine representatives of Hebrew charitable organizations come together to form what will become the Mount Sinai Hospital, New York.
- February 15 - The Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits its first patient.
- March 2 - The first American experimental steam fire engine is tested.
- The mechanical semaphore line in France is superseded by the electric telegraph.
- Captain E. M. Boxer of the Royal Arsenal devizes an improvement to the shrapnel shell by insertion of an iron diaphragm, preventing premature ignition.
- April 10 - Arthur Vierendeel (died 1940), Belgian civil engineer.
- May 1 - Santiago Ramón y Cajal (died 1934), Spanish winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
- August 30 - Jacobus van 't Hoff (died 1911), Dutch chemist.
- September 9 - John Henry Poynting (died 1914), English physicist, discoverer of the Poynting–Robertson effect and the Poynting vector.
- September 28 - Isis Pogson (died 1945), English astronomer and meteorologist.
- October 2 - William Ramsay (died 1916), Scottish winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
- October 9 - Hermann Emil Fischer (died 1919), German winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
- December 15 - Henri Becquerel (died 1908), French physicist.
- January 6 - Louis Braille (born 1809), French inventor.
- August 15 - Johan Gadolin (born 1760), Finnish chemist.
- November 10 - Gideon Mantell (born 1790), English paleontologist.
- November 27 - Augusta Ada King (née Byron), Countess of Lovelace (born 1815), English computing pioneer.
- BirdLife International (2004). Pinguinus impennis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006.
- "Lambert-Beer Law". Sigrist-Photometer AG. 2007-03-07. Retrieved 2007-03-12.
- Wilson, Robin (2002). Four Colors Suffice. London: Penguin Books. p. 18. ISBN 0-691-11533-8.
- Cayley, Arthur (1879). "On the colourings of maps". Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society (Blackwell) 1 (4): 259–261. doi:10.2307/1799998. JSTOR 1799998.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- King, William T. (1896). History of the American Steam Fire-Engine.
- Marshall, A. (1920). "The Invention and Development of the Shrapnel Shell". The Field Artillery Journal: 12–18. Retrieved 2012-03-08.