1852 in the United Kingdom
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Events from the year 1852 in the United Kingdom.
- Monarch – Victoria
- Prime Minister – The Earl Russell (Liberal; until 23 February), The Earl of Derby (Conservative; until 19 December), The Earl of Aberdeen (Peelite)
- 17 January — United Kingdom recognises the independence of the Transvaal.
- 5 February — Holmfirth Flood caused by collapse of the embankment at Bilberry reservoir in the West Riding of Yorkshire: 81 killed.
- 11 February — The first British public toilet for women opens in Bedford Street, London.
- 14 February — Great Ormond Street Hospital in London admits its first patient.
- 21 February — Earl Russell resigns as Prime Minister after his Militia Bill is amended.
- 23 February — The Earl of Derby forms a minority Protectionist Conservative government.
- 27 February — Lord Derby appoints Benjamin Disraeli as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
- 1 March — Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
- 1 April — Start of the Second Burmese War.
- April — Samuel Orchart Beeton begins publication of The Englishwoman's Domestic Magazine, the first for women.
- May — The Museum of Manufactures, predecessor of the Victoria and Albert Museum, is opened in London, initially at Marlborough House.
- 21 June — Trial of Cardinal John Henry Newman for the defamation of Giacinto Achilli opens in London. Newman is convicted on 25 June.
- 29 June — Protestant-Catholic riots in Stockport.
- 30 June — Colony of New Zealand granted its first representative government.
- 7–31 July — General election: Lord Derby retains power.
- 1 October — Patent Law Amendment Act comes into effect, merging the English, Scottish and Irish patent systems.
- 14 October — Great Northern Railway opens London King's Cross station, the largest in Europe at this time.
- 19 October — The last fatal duel on English soil takes place on Priest Hill, between Englefield Green and Old Windsor, between two French refugees, Cournet and Barthelemy, the former being killed.
- 11 November — New Palace of Westminster opens in London.
- 1 to 30 November – The second-wettest month in the EWP series (wettest until 1903) with an average of 202.5 millimetres (7.97 in). It beat November 1772 with 200.8 millimetres (7.91 in)
- 17 December — Earl of Derby resigns as Prime Minister, following the defeat of his budget.
- 28 December — Earl of Aberdeen becomes Prime Minister, leading a Whig-Peelite coalition.
- End of the Great Famine (Ireland). In the period it has lasted since 1845, one million people have emigrated from Ireland. The Irish now make up a quarter of the population of Liverpool, and the same is true of cities on the east coast of North America.
- The public library in Campfield, Manchester, is the first to operate free lending under the Public Libraries Act 1850.
- First Synod of the newly created Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Westminster is held at St Mary's College, Oscott, Birmingham.
- The House of Mercy Anglican sisterhood (which becomes the Community of St John Baptist) is established at Clewer, near Windsor, to minister to reformed prostitutes and other marginalised women.
- New Model Union the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, Machinists, Smiths, Millwrights and Patternmakers involved in a lockout.
- Nailmakers' Strike in the West Midlands.
- Serialisation of Charles Dickens' novel Bleak House.
- Roget's Thesaurus (1st edition).
- William Makepeace Thackeray's novel The History of Henry Esmond.
- 4 May — Alice Liddell, inspiration for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (died 1934)
- 23 August — Arnold Toynbee, economic historian (died 1883)
- 12 September — Herbert Henry Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (died 1928)
- 28 September — John French, World War I field marshal (died 1925)
- 2 October — William Ramsay, chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1916)
- Kate Vaughan, born Catherine Alice Candelin or Candelon, dancer and actress (died 1903)
- 10 February — Samuel Prout, painter (born 1783)
- 4 September — William MacGillivray, naturalist and ornithologist (born 1796)
- 14 September
- 21 November — Mary Berry, writer (born 1763)
- 27 November — Ada Lovelace, early computer pioneer and the daughter of Lord Byron (born 1815)
- "Holmfirth — Is there more to it than Last of the Summer Wine?". BBC.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 272–273. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Beetham, Margaret (2004). "Beeton, Samuel Orchart (1831–1877)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
- Physick, John (1982). The Victoria and Albert Museum: the History of its Building. Oxford: Phaidon. p. 16.
- Ward, W. (1912). "10: The Achilli Trial". Life of John Henry Cardinal Newman. London: Longmans, Green and Co. p. 291.
- "Lord Derby looses bigotry on the streets". The Manchester Guardian. 3 July 1852. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- Jackson, Alan A. (1985). London's Termini. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8634-4.
- "The common is steeped in history". Keep Englefield Green — The Heritage. Keepenglefieldgreen.org. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- Hadley Center Ranked EWP.
- Kinealy, Christine (1994). This Great Calamity: The Irish Famine 1845–1852. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. pp. xvi–ii. ISBN 0-7171-4011-3.
- "Anniversary of first public library". BBC News. 5 September 2002. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Mumm, Susan (1999). Stolen Daughters, Virgin Mothers: Anglican Sisterhoods in Victorian Britain. Leicester University Press. p. 8. ISBN 0-7185-0151-9.
- Fletcher, M.H.W. (1969). Netherton: Edward I to Edward VIII. Dudley Public Libraries. ISBN 0-900911-05-0.
- "Icons, a portrait of England 1840–1860". Retrieved 2007-09-13.