1852 in the United States
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|1852 in the United States|
|Years:||1849 1850 1851 – 1852 – 1853 1854 1855|
31 stars (1851–58)
Events from the year 1852 in the United States.
- President: Millard Fillmore (Whig)
- Vice President: vacant
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Linn Boyd (D-Kentucky)
- Congress: 32nd
- Governor of Alabama: Henry W. Collier (Democratic)
- Governor of Arkansas: John Selden Roane (Democratic) (until November 15), Elias Nelson Conway (Democratic) (starting November 15)
- Governor of California: John McDougall (Democratic) (until January 8), John Bigler (Democratic) (starting January 8)
- Governor of Connecticut: Thomas H. Seymour (Democratic)
- Governor of Delaware: William H. H. Ross (Democratic)
- Governor of Florida: Thomas Brown (Whig)
- Governor of Georgia: Howell Cobb (Democratic)
- Governor of Illinois: Augustus C. French (Democratic)
- Governor of Indiana: Joseph A. Wright (Democratic)
- Governor of Iowa: Stephen P. Hempstead (Democratic)
- Governor of Kentucky: Lazarus W. Powell (Democratic)
- Governor of Louisiana: Joseph Marshall Walker (Democratic)
- Governor of Maine: John Hubbard (Democratic)
- Governor of Maryland: Enoch Louis Lowe (Democratic)
- Governor of Massachusetts: George S. Boutwell (Democratic)
- Governor of Michigan: John S. Barry (Democratic) (until January 1), Robert McClelland (Democratic) (starting January 1)
- Governor of Mississippi: James Whitfield (Democratic Party) (until January 10), Henry S. Foote (Democratic Party) (starting January 10)
- Governor of Missouri: Austin Augustus King (Democratic)
- Governor of New Hampshire: Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr. (Democratic) (until June 3), Noah Martin (Democratic) (starting June 3)
- Governor of New Jersey: George F. Fort (Democratic)
- Governor of New York: Washington Hunt (Whig) (until December 31), vacant (starting December 31)
- Governor of North Carolina: David Settle Reid (Democratic)
- Governor of Ohio: Reuben Wood (Democratic)
- Governor of Pennsylvania: William F. Johnston (Whig) (until January 20), William Bigler (Democratic) (starting January 20)
- Governor of Rhode Island: Philip Allen (Democratic)
- Governor of South Carolina: John Hugh Means (Democratic) (until December 9), John Lawrence Manning (Democratic) (starting December 9)
- Governor of Tennessee: William B. Campbell (Whig)
- Governor of Texas: Peter Hansborough Bell (Democratic)
- Governor of Vermont: Charles K. Williams (Whig) (until October), Erastus Fairbanks (Whig) (starting October)
- Governor of Virginia: John B. Floyd (Democratic) (until January 16), Joseph Johnson (Democratic) (starting January 16)
- Governor of Wisconsin: Nelson Dewey (Democratic) (until January 5), Leonard J. Farwell (Whig) (starting January 5)
- January 15 – Nine men representing various Hebrew charitable organizations come together to form what will become the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City.
- February 16 – The Studebaker Brothers Wagon Company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
- February 19 – The Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
- March 2 – The first American experimental steam fire engine was tested.
- March 4 – Phi Mu Fraternity is established at Wesleyan College.
- March 20 – Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe is published.
- April 23 – More than 150 Wintu people were killed by a militia under the guidance of Trinity County sheriff William H. Dixon in the Bridge Gulch Massacre.
- July 1 – United States statesman Henry Clay is the first to receive the honor of lying in state in the United States Capitol rotunda.
- July 4 – Frederick Douglass delivers his famous speech "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro" in Rochester, New York.
- August 3 – The first Boat Race between Yale and Harvard, the first American intercollegiate athletic event, is held.
- November 2 – U.S. presidential election, 1852: Democrat Franklin Pierce of New Hampshire defeats Whig Winfield Scott of Virginia.
- November 25 – Monticello Convention: 44 people from the northern parts of Oregon Territory meet and draft a petition to establish a separate territorial government north of the Columbia River (which becomes, in the following months, Washington Territory).
- In Hawaii sugar planters bring over the first Chinese laborers on 3 or 5 year contracts, giving them 3 dollars per month plus room and board for working a 12-hour day, 6 days a week.
- Loyola College is chartered in Baltimore, Maryland.
- Justin Perkins, an American Presbyterian missionary, produces the first translation of the Bible in Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, which is published with the parallel text of the Syriac Peshitta by the American Bible Society.
- California Gold Rush (1848–1855)
- May 11 – Charles W. Fairbanks, 26th Vice President of the United States from 1905 till 1909 and United States Senator from Indiana from 1897 to 1905. (died 1918)
- May 23 – Weldon B. Heyburn, United States Senator from Idaho from 1903 till 1912. (died 1912)
- November 16 – Joseph R. Burton, United States Senator from Kansas from 1901 till 1906. (died 1923)
- February 14 – Thomas Carlin, Governor of Illinois (born 1789)
- May 6 – William Bellinger Bulloch, United States Senator from Georgia in 1813. (born 1777)
- May 18 – Briscoe Baldwin, planter and Virginia politician (born 1789)
- June 8 – Perry Smith, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1837 till 1843. (born 1783)
- June 30 – Henry Clay, United States Senator from Kentucky 1806-1807, 1810-1811, 1831-1842 and 1849-1852. (born 1777)
- July 19 – John McKinley, United States Senator from Alabama from 1826 till 1831 and in 1837. Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1837 till 1852. (born 1780)
- October 4 – James Whitcomb, United States Senator from Indiana from 1849 to 1852. (born 1795)
- William T. King. History of the American Steam Fire-Engine
- Settlers met at Monticello to sign a petition asking Congress to create a separate territory north of the Columbia River. Washington Secretary of State.
- Media related to 1852 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons