1852 in the United States
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|1852 in the United States|
|Years:||1849 1850 1851 – 1852 – 1853 1854 1855|
31 stars (1851–1858)
Events from the year 1852 in the United States.
- President: Millard Fillmore (Whig)
- Vice President: vacant
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Linn Boyd (D-Kentucky)
- Congress: 32nd
- January 15 – Nine men representing various Hebrew charitable organizations come together to form what will become the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City.
- February 16 – The Studebaker Brothers Wagon Company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
- February 19 – The Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
- March 2 – The first American experimental steam fire engine was tested.
- March 20 – Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe is published.
- April 23 – More than 150 Wintu people were killed by a militia under the guidance of Trinity County sheriff William H. Dixon in the Bridge Gulch Massacre.
- July 1 – United States statesman Henry Clay is the first to receive the honor of lying in state in the United States Capitol rotunda.
- July 4 – Frederick Douglass delivers his famous speech "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro" in Rochester, New York.
- August 3 – The first Boat Race between Yale and Harvard, the first American intercollegiate athletic event, is held.
- November 2 – U.S. presidential election, 1852: Democrat Franklin Pierce of New Hampshire defeats Whig Winfield Scott of Virginia.
- November 25 – Monticello Convention: 44 people from the northern parts of Oregon Territory meet and draft a petition to establish a separate territorial government north of the Columbia River (which becomes, in the following months, Washington Territory).
- In Hawaii sugar planters bring over the first Chinese laborers on 3 or 5 year contracts, giving them 3 dollars per month plus room and board for working a 12-hour day, 6 days a week.
- Loyola College is chartered in Baltimore, Maryland.
- Justin Perkins, an American Presbyterian missionary, produces the first translation of the Bible in Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, which is published with the parallel text of the Syriac Peshitta by the American Bible Society.
- California Gold Rush (1848–1855)
- May 11 – Charles W. Fairbanks, 26th Vice President of the United States from 1905 till 1909 and United States Senator from Indiana from 1897 to 1905. (died 1918)
- May 23 – Weldon B. Heyburn, United States Senator from Idaho from 1903 till 1912. (died 1912)
- November 16 – Joseph R. Burton, United States Senator from Kansas from 1901 till 1906. (died 1923)
- February 14 – Thomas Carlin, Governor of Illinois (born 1789)
- May 6 – William Bellinger Bulloch, United States Senator from Georgia in 1813. (born 1777)
- May 18 – Briscoe Baldwin, planter and Virginia politician (born 1789)
- June 8 – Perry Smith, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1837 till 1843. (born 1783)
- June 30 – Henry Clay, United States Senator from Kentucky 1806-1807, 1810-1811, 1831-1842 and 1849-1852. (born 1777)
- July 19 – John McKinley, United States Senator from Alabama from 1826 till 1831 and in 1837. Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1837 till 1852. (born 1780)
- October 4 – James Whitcomb, United States Senator from Indiana from 1849 to 1852. (born 1795)
- William T. King. History of the American Steam Fire-Engine
- Settlers met at Monticello to sign a petition asking Congress to create a separate territory north of the Columbia River. Washington Secretary of State.
- Media related to 1852 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons