1853 in Canada
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Events from the year 1853 in Canada.
- February 23 - A description of the proposed bridge across the St. Lawrence is published.
- June 6 - Gavazzi Riot in Quebec are quelled by military.
- June 18 - The Grand Trunk Railway is opened to Portland.
- June 26 - Investigation of the riot proceeds, at Montreal.
- July - Irregular calling of jurors delays trial for riot.
Full date unknown 
- The first Canadian railroad is built, running from Portland, Maine from Montreal.
- The Grand Trunk Railway is chartered.
- Mary Ann Shadd becomes the first woman in North America to become editor of a newspaper. Working out of Chatham, Ontario, she publishes, edits and writes in the Provincial Freeman, a newspaper serving the Black community in Ontario.
- Russian explorer-trappers find oil seeps in Cook Inlet.
- February 15 - Rodmond Roblin, businessman, politician and 9th Premier of Manitoba (died 1937)
- March 23 - Donald Mann, railway contractor and entrepreneur (died 1934)
- July 18 - William McGuigan, politician and 10th Mayor of Vancouver (died 1908)
- August 10 - Pierre-Évariste Leblanc, politician and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (died 1918)
- September 25 - Henry Emmerson, lawyer, businessman, politician, philanthropist and 8th Premier of New Brunswick (died 1914)
- November 13 - Joseph Boutin Bourassa, politician (died 1943)
- December 19 - Charles Fitzpatrick, lawyer, politician and 5th Chief Justice of Canada (died 1942)
- February 5 - Thomas Talbot, army and militia officer, settlement promoter, office holder, and politician (born 1771)
- March 31 - William Crane, merchant, justice of the peace, judge, and politician (born 1785)
- June 7 - Norbert Provencher, clergyman, missionary and Bishop (born 1787)
- July 11 - William Allan, banker and politician (born 1770)