1854 in literature
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1851 1852 1853 -1854- 1855 1856 1857
... 1858 . 1859 . 1860 . 1861 . 1862 . 1863 . 1864 ...
In poetry: 1851 1852 1853 -1854- 1855 1856 1857
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The year 1854 in literature involved some significant literary events and new books.
- April 1–August 12 - Charles Dickens's novel Hard Times is serialised in his magazine Household Words. From September 2, it is followed in the magazine by Elizabeth Gaskell's North and South, another social novel based in the Lancashire manufacturing district.
- The Polyglotta Africana, an early classification of African languages based on field work under freed slaves in Freetown, Sierra Leone, is published by Sigismund Wilhelm Koelle.
- Jules Amédée Barbey d'Aurevilly - L'Ensorcelée
- William Wells Brown - Sketches of Places and People Abroad
- John Esten Cooke - The Virginia Comedians
- Wilkie Collins - Hide and Seek
- Maria Cummins - The Lamplighter
- Charles Dickens - Hard Times
- Fanny Fern - Ruth Hall
- Mathilde Fibiger - Minona
- Francesco Domenico Guerrazzi - Beatrice Cenci
- Nathaniel Hawthorne - Mosses from an Old Manse
- Caroline Lee Hentz - The Planter's Northern Bride
- Mary Jane Holmes - Tempest and Sunshine
- Mary Russell Mitford - Atherton
- Gérard de Nerval - Les Filles du feu (short stories)
- Charles Reade - The Courier of Lyons
- Solon Robinson - Hot Corn
- E. D. E. N. Southworth - The Lost Heiress
- Leo Tolstoy - Boyhood
- Émile Augier and Jules Sandeau - Le Gendre de M. Poirier
- Andreas Munch - Salomon de Caus
- Alexander Ostrovsky - Bednost ne porok
- R. D. Blackmore - Poems by Melanter
- Coventry Patmore - The Angel in the House
- Alfred Tennyson - The Charge of the Light Brigade
- George Boole - The Laws of Thought
- Ludwig Feuerbach - The Essence of Christianity
- Elisha Kane - The U.S. Grinnell Expedition in Search of Sir John Franklin: a Personal Narrative
- Theodor Mommsen - Römische Geschichte
- Henry David Thoreau - Walden or Life in the Woods
- March 13 - Kolachalam Srinivasa Rao, Indian dramatist (died 1919)
- June 10
- August 2 - Francis Marion Crawford, novelist (died 1909)
- October 16 - Oscar Wilde, poet, dramatist and wit (died 1900)
- January 5 - Gottschalk Eduard Guhrauer, German philologist and biographer (born 1809)
- February 4 - George Watterston, librarian of Congress (born 1783)
- April 3 - John Wilson, poet and journalist (born 1785)
- April 7 - Pierre François Tissot, historian and memoirist (born 1768)
- April 16 - Julia Nyberg, Swedish poet (born 1784)
- April 24 - Gabriele Rossetti, poet (born 1783)
- October 14 - Samuel Phillips, journalist (born 1814)
- November 25 - John Kitto, Biblical commentator (born 1804)
- December 9 - Almeida Garrett, poet, novelist and dramatist (born 1799)
- date unknown - Abraham John Valpy, printer and publisher (born 1787)
- Hauge, Ingard (1975). "Poetisk realisme og nasjonalromantikk". In Beyer, Edvard. Norges Litteraturhistorie (in Norwegian) 2. Oslo: Cappelen. pp. 318–325.
- "The U.S. Grinnell Expedition in Search of Sir John Franklin: a Personal Narrative". World Digital Library. 1854. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
- University of Cambridge, A complete collection of the English poems: which have obtained the chancellor's gold medal in the University of Cambridge, 1859.