1854 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1854.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Sauropterygians[edit]

Newly named nothosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Location Notes
Deirosaurus Junior synonym Owen Late Triassic  Italy Junior synonym of Lariosaurus.

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Bathygnathus[3] Valid Joseph Leidy Early Permian Unnamed unit  Canada A sphenacodontid pelycosaur.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b c d Owen, R. 1854. Descriptive catalogue of the fossil organic remains of reptilia contained in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. British Museum (Natural History), London: 184 pages.
  3. ^ Leidy, J. 1854. Remarks on Bathygnathus borealis (Article XVI). Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia (2nd Series) Volume VIII, part 4: pp. 449-451;