1854 in science

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The year 1854 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Astronomy[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Microbiology[edit]

Technology[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8. 
  2. ^ Cayley, Arthur (1854), "On the theory of groups as depending on the symbolic equation θn=1", Philosophical Magazine 7 (4): 40–47 
  3. ^ Crilly, Tony (2007). 50 Mathematical Ideas you really need to know. London: Quercus. p. 152. ISBN 978-1-84724-008-8. 
  4. ^ "Riemann's Habilitationsschrift". Archived from the original on 20 May 2008. Retrieved 19 May 2008. 
  5. ^ Baly, Monica E.; Matthew, H. C. G. (2004). "Nightingale, Florence (1820–1910)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-06-20.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  6. ^ Garcia, Manuel (1855). "Observations on the Human Voice". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7: 399–410. doi:10.1098/rspl.1854.0094. JSTOR 111815. 
  7. ^ Radomski, Teresa (2005). "Manuel García (1805–1906): a bicentenary reflection" (PDF). Australian Voice 11: 25–41. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  8. ^ Frerichs, Ralph R. (2001-08-05). "Who first discovered Vibrio cholera?". UCLA School of Public Health. Archived from the original on 19 January 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2007.  Pacini's 1854 publication was titled "Osservazioni microscopiche e deduzioni patologiche sul cholera asiático" ("Microscopical observations and pathological deductions on cholera").
  9. ^ Griggs, Frank (May 2006). "The Inspirations of a German Immigrant: Albert Fink". Structure (National Council of Structural Engineers Associations): 52–4. Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  10. ^ "John Elder, 1824-1869". Memoirs and portraits of one hundred Glasgow men. Glasgow: James MacLehose & Sons. 1886. p. 118. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2011-06-16. 
  11. ^ Wood, R. D. (1975). The Calotype Patent Lawsuit of Talbot v. Laroche 1854. Bromley, Kent: privately published. ISBN 0-9504377-0-0. Retrieved 2010-10-18.