1855 in literature
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In poetry: 1852 1853 1854 -1855- 1856 1857 1858
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The year 1855 in literature involved some significant literary events and new books.
- January - Samuel Orchart Beeton's weekly The Boys' Own Magazine ("an illustrated journal of fact, fiction, history and adventure") begins publication in London.
- June 29 - The Daily Telegraph newspaper begins publication in London.
- July 4 - In Brooklyn, New York, Walt Whitman's first edition of his book of poems titled Leaves of Grass is published.
- September 27 - Alfred Tennyson reads from his new book Maud and other poems at a social gathering in the home of Robert and Elizabeth Browning in London; Dante Gabriel Rossetti makes a sketch of him doing so.
- October - Victor Hugo moves to Hauteville House in Saint Peter Port on Guernsey in the Channel Islands.
- Alexander Afanasyev begins publication of his collection of Russian Fairy Tales (Народные Русские Сказки, Narodnye russkie skazki).
- John Camden Hotten opens a bookselling business in London, origin of the publisher Chatto & Windus.
- Gustav Freytag - Debit and Credit (Soll und Haben)
- Elizabeth Gaskell - North and South
- Mary Virginia Hawes - The Hidden Path
- Caroline Lee Hentz - Robert Graham
- Paul Heyse - "L'Arrabbiata" ("The Fury", short story)
- Washington Irving - Wolfert's Roost
- Gottfried Keller - Green Henry (Der grüne Heinrich)
- Charles Kingsley - Westward Ho!
- Herman Melville
- Gérard de Nerval - Aurelia
- Giovanni Ruffini - Doctor Antonio
- Ann Sophia Stephens - The Old Homestead
- William Makepeace Thackeray - The Newcomes
- Leo Tolstoy - Sevastopol Sketches (Севастопольские рассказы, Sevastopolskiye rasskazy)
- Anthony Trollope - The Warden
- Émile Augier - Le Mariage d'Olympe
- Léon Gozlan - Le Gâteau des reines
- Henrik Ibsen - The Feast at Solhaug
- Andreas Munch - En Aften paa Giske
- Ivan Turgenev - A Month in the Country
- David Brewster - Memoirs of the Life, Writings and Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton
- John Brown - Slave Life in Georgia
- Robert Hare - Experimental Investigation of Spirit Manifestations: Demonstrating the Existence of Spirits and Their Communication with Mortals
- Washington Irving - The Life of George Washington, Volumes 1 and 2
- George Sand - Histoire de ma vie ("The Story of My Life")
- Alfred Russel Wallace - On the Law Which has Regulated the Introduction of Species
- April 4 – Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai, Indian dramatist (died 1897)
- April 27 – Margaret Wolfe Hungerford, Irish novelist (died 1897)
- May 1 – Marie Corelli (Mary Mackay), English novelist (died 1924)
- May 21 – Emile Verhaeren, Belgian Francophone Symbolist poet (died 1916)
- May 24 – Sir Arthur Wing Pinero, English dramatist (died 1934)
- July 7 – Ludwig Ganghofer, German novelist (died 1920)
- July 19 – Alexander Ertel, Russian novelist and short story writer (died 1908)
- September 12 – William Sharp, Scottish poet and biographer (died 1905)
- September 22 – Alice Zimmern, English writer, translator and suffragist (died 1939)
- October 30 – Pyotr Gnedich, Russian writer and poet (died 1925)
- November 4 – William Ritchie Sorley, Scottish philosopher (died 1935))
- December 15 – Maurice Bouchor, French poet and sculptor (died 1929)
- December 28 – Juan Zorrilla de San Martín, Uruguayan poet (died 1931)
- Date unknown – Solomon Cleaver, Canadian story teller, novelist and pastor (died 1939)
- January 10 – Mary Russell Mitford, English dramatist and novelist, 67
- January 25 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English poet and diarist, sister of William Wordsworth, 83
- January 26 – Gérard de Nerval, French poet and essayist, 46 (suicide by hanging)
- February 4 – Gottfried Christian Friedrich Lücke, German theologian, 63
- March 31 – Charlotte Brontë, English novelist and poet, 38 (exact cause uncertain)
- June 29 – Delphine de Girardin, French poet and novelist, 51
- July 12 – Karl Spindler, German novelist, 58
- August 16 – Henry Colburn, English publisher, c. 70
- November 11 – Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, 42 (exact cause uncertain)
- November 19 – Mihály Vörösmarty, Hungarian poet and dramatist, 54
- November 26 – Adam Mickiewicz, Poland's national poet, 56 (cholera)
- Dates unknown
- "Tennyson Reading 'Maud'". Pre-Raphaelite Online Resource. Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
- Thomas, William (2004). "Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Baron Macaulay (1800–1859)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/17349. Retrieved 2014-06-05. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Eliot, Simon (2004). "Hotten, John Camden (1832–1873)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13859. Retrieved 2013-11-06.
- Hauge, Ingard (1975). "Poetisk realisme og nasjonalromantikk". In Beyer, Edvard. Norges Litteraturhistorie (in Norwegian) 2. Oslo: Cappelen. pp. 318–325.
- Sieburth, Richard (1999). Gerard de Nerval: Selected Writings. London: Penguin. p. xxxi.