1856 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1856.

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named phytosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Centemodon[2]

Nomen dubium

Lea

Dubious genus of phytosaur.

Newly named pseudosuchians[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Dakosaurus[3]

Valid taxon.

Quenstedt

A metriorhynchid thalattosuchian belong to Geosaurinae.

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Paleontologists[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Lea, I. 1856. Description of Centemodon sulcatus. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 10: pp. 77-78.
  3. ^ Quenstedt, F. A. 1856. Sonst und Jetzt. Populäre Vorträge über Geologie. Tübingen: Laupp. [pp. 128, 130].
  4. ^ a b c d e Leidy, J. 1856. Notices of the remains of extinct reptiles and fishes, discovered by Dr. F.V. Hayden in the badlands of the Judith River, Nebraska Territory. Proc Acad. Nat. Sci. 1856: pp. 72-72.
  5. ^ Rutimeyer. L. 1856. (Dinosaurus gresslyi). Biblio. Universelle Geneve Arch. September 1856: p. 53.
  6. ^ Rutimeyer. L. 1856. Reptilienknochen aus dem Keuper. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Ge samt. Naturwiss. Verh. 41: pp. 62-64.
  7. ^ Farlow, James O.; M. K. Brett-Surmann (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-253-21313-4.