1857 in Canada
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Events from the year 1857 in Canada.
- March 12 — The bridge over Desjardins Canal, near Hamilton, Canada West, collapses under a Great Western Railway passenger train. About 60 people die.
- December 31 — Ottawa is chosen as the new capital of the Canadas
- Grand Trunk Railway (Windsor-Montreal) completed, but $7 million in debt.
- Queen Victoria names Ottawa as capital of the Province of Canada.
- The Palliser Expedition begins its exploration of Western Canada.
- Coal mining begins at Coal Harbor on the Kenai Peninsula.
January to June
- February 2 — Alexander Cameron Rutherford, lawyer and politician, first premier of Alberta (died 1941)
- February 25 — Robert Bond, politician and Prime Minister of Newfoundland (died 1927)
- February 27 — Adelaide Hoodless, educational reformer who founded the Women's Institute (died 1910)
- March 17 — Willis Keith Baldwin, politician (died 1935)
- June 20 — Adam Beck, politician and hydro-electricity advocate (died 1925)
July to December
- July 27 — Ann Stowe-Gullen, doctor
- August 15 — Theodore Arthur Burrows, politician and Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba (died 1929)
- August 15 — John Strathearn Hendrie, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (died 1923)
- September 12 — George Halsey Perley, politician and diplomat (died 1938)
- October 10 — Cassie Chadwick, fraudster (died 1907)
- October 10 — George Johnson Clarke, lawyer, journalist, politician and 14th Premier of New Brunswick (died 1917)
- November 25 — Frederick W. A. G. Haultain, politician and 1st Premier of the Northwest Territories (died 1942)
- February 10 — David Thompson, fur trader, surveyor and map-maker (born 1770)
- March 13 — William Amherst, 1st Earl Amherst, diplomat and governor general (born 1773)
- September 3 — John McLoughlin, physician, fur trader, and merchant (born 1784)
- November 3 — William Fitzwilliam Owen, naval officer, hydrographic surveyor (born 1774)