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This article is about the year 1858.
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1820s 1830s 1840s – 1850s – 1860s 1870s 1880s|
|Years:||1855 1856 1857 – 1858 – 1859 1860 1861|
|1858 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Brazil - Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – US – UK|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2611|
|British Regnal year||21 Vict. 1 – 22 Vict. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4554 or 4494
— to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4555 or 4495
|- Vikram Samvat||1914–1915|
|- Shaka Samvat||1780–1781|
|- Kali Yuga||4959–4960|
|Japanese calendar||Ansei 5
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||54 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2401|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1858.|
Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.
- January – William I of Prussia becomes regent for his brother, Frederick William IV, who suffered a stroke.
- January 14 – Felice Orsini and his accomplices fail to assassinate Napoleon III in Paris but their bombs kill 8 and wound 142 people. Because of the involvement of French émigrés living in Britain, there is a brief anti-British feeling in France, but the emperor refuses to support it. Orsini is executed by guillotine on March 13 of the same year.
- January 25 – The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn becomes a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria's daughter Victoria, Princess Royal to Prince Friedrich of Prussia in St. James's Palace, London.
- February 11 – Lourdes apparitions: The Virgin Mary is said to have first appeared to St Bernadette of Lourdes at the Rock of Massabielle, the first in a series of apparitions.
- February 13 – Richard Francis Burton and John Hanning Speke become the first Europeans to discover Lake Tanganyika.
- March – Indian Rebellion: British troops retake Lucknow.
- March 30 – Hyman Lipman patents a pencil with an attached eraser.
- April 16 – The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up.
- April 19 – Treaty with Yankton Sioux Tribe.
- April 28–May 1 – Battle of Grahovac (between Ottoman and Montenegrin forces)
- May–July – Mahtra War: Peasants in the Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire revolt against serfdom (which was officially abolished in 1816).
- May 11 – Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd U.S. state.
- May 13 – John Ruskin begins a tour of Europe.He considered it a significant turning point in his life.
- May 14 – Dr David Livingstone's 6-year Second Zambesi Expedition arrives at the African coast.
- May 19 – The Marais des Cygnes massacre is perpetrated by pro-slavery forces in Bleeding Kansas.
- June 2 – Donati's Comet, the first comet to be photographed, is discovered by Giovanni Battista Donati and remains visible for several months afterwards.
- June 13–June 17 – Treaty of Tientsin signed, ending the first part of the Second Opium War.
- June 16 – Abraham Lincoln accepts the Republican Party (United States) nomination for a seat in the US Senate, delivering his "House Divided" speech in Springfield, Illinois.
- June 17 – The Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad opens, operating 95 miles from Goldsboro, North Carolina to New Bern, North Carolina.
- June 20 – The last rebels of the Indian Mutiny surrender in Gwalior.
- June 23 – Police of the Papal States seize Jewish boy Edgardo Mortara and take him away to be raised as a Catholic.
- July 1 – Papers by Darwin and Wallace announcing a theory of evolution by natural selection are read at London's Linnean Society.
- July 8 – Peace treaty to end the Indian Rebellion.
- July 12 – The Advertiser, the daily news paper still in circulation, begins publication in Adelaide, Australia.
- July 17 – The Lutine bell, is salvaged and subsequently hung in Lloyd's of London.
- July 28 – In Bengal/India, British officer William James Herschel uses the hand impression of Rajyadhar Konai as a contract fingerprint signature.
- July 29 – The United States and Japan sign the Treaty of Amity and Commerce, negotiated by Townsend Harris.
- August 2 – The Government of India Act, passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, transfers the territories of the British East India Company and their administration to the direct rule of the British Crown, through a Secretary of State for India.
- August 3 – John Hanning Speke discovers Lake Victoria, source of the River Nile.
- August 5 – Cyrus West Field and others complete the first transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts. The service ends on September 1 due to weak current.
- August 21 – The first of the Lincoln-Douglas debates is held.
- August 7 – A football match played under unknown set of rules is held between Melbourne Grammar School and Scotch College.
- August 11 – First ascent of the Eiger.
- August 16 – U.S. President James Buchanan inaugurates the new trans-Atlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria. However, a weak signal forces a shutdown of the service in a few weeks.
- September – French warships under Charles Rigault de Genouilly attack and occupy Da Nang in Vietnam.
- September 11 – First ascent of Dom, the third highest summit in the Alps.
- October 21 – Jacques Offenbach's operetta Orpheus in the Underworld, featuring music associated with the can-can, is first performed in Paris.
- October 28 – Macy's department store, founded by R.H. Macy, opens for business in New York.
- November 16 – The 2,400,000th day of the Epoch of the Modified Julian Day is reached.
- November 17 – The city of Denver, Colorado, is founded.
- December 30 – Paraguay expedition: Seventeen U.S. Navy warships, under the command of William Shubrick, depart from Uruguay on a mission to demand concessions from Paraguay, and to go to war if necessary.
- William M. Tweed begins his 13-year term as "Boss" of Tammany Hall.
- Homosexuality legalised in Ottoman Empire.
- The haute couture firm of Worth and Bobergh is established in Paris.
- The Miners Association is established in Cornwall, UK.
- Feudalism and serfdom in Bulgaria are abolished in the Ottoman Empire (practically in 1880).
- January 7 – Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, Russian-born advocate of the Hebrew language (d. 1922)
- January 10 – Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer (d. 1929)
- January 11 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, American department store magnate (d. 1947)
- January 27 – Cornelia Hubertina Doff (Neel Doff), French author of Dutch origin (d. 1942)
- January 28 – Marie Eugène François Thomas Dubois (Eugene Dubois), Dutch paleoanthropologist and geologist who discovered Pithecanthropus erectus (later redesignated Homo erectus), or "Java Man" (d. 1940)
- February 15 – John Joseph Montgomery, American glider pioneer (d. 1911)
- February 18 – Wilhelm Schmidt, German pioneer of superheated steam for use in locomotives (d. 1924)
- February 19 – Charles Alexander Eastman, Native American author, physician, reformer, helped found the Boy Scouts of America (d. 1939)
- March 9 – Gustav Stickley, American furniture designer and architect. (d. 1942)
- March 10 – Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)
- March 18 – Rudolf Diesel, German inventor (d. 1913)
- March 23 – Ludwig Quidde, German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1941)
- March 28 – Joséphin Péladan, French novelist (d. 1918)
- March 30 – De Wolf Hopper, actor & comedian (d. 1935)
- April 23 – Max Planck, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1947)
- April 30 – Mary Dimmick Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison (d. 1948)
- May 8 – Heinrich Berté, Austrian operetta composer (d. 1924)
- June 16
- June 20 – Charles Waddell Chesnutt, African American author, essayist, political activist (d. 1932)
- June 28 – Otis Skinner, American stage & film actor (d. 1943)
- July 9 – Franz Boas, German anthropologist (d. 1942)
- July 14 – Emmeline Pankhurst, suffragette, mother of Christabel, Sylvia and Adela Pankhurst (d. 1928)
- July 21 – Maria Christina of Austria, Queen consort of Spain, second wife of Alfonso XII of Spain (d. 1929)
- August 1 – Hans Rott, Austrian composer (d. 1884)
- August 2 – Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Dutch Queen and regent (d. 1934)
- August 11 – Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1930)
- August 13 – George Edward MacKenzie Skues, British inventor of nymph fly fishing (d. 1949)
- August 18 – Thomas S. Rodgers, American admiral (d. 1931)
- August 19 – Alfred Dyke Acland, British military officer (d. 1937)
- August 27 – Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician (d. 1932)
- September 1 – Andrew Jackson Zilker, American philanthropist (d. 1934)
- September 12 – J. H. Smith, American politician and pioneer (d. 1956)
- September 16 – Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1923)
- October 3 – Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (d. 1924)
- October 15 – William Sims, American admiral (d. 1936)
- October 19 – George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (d. 1937)
- October 27
- November 20 – Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
- November 26 – Katharine Drexel, Roman Catholic saint
- November 30 – Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (d. 1937)
- December 11 – Kata Dalström, Swedish politician (d. 1923)
- December 22 – Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer (d. 1924)
- December 25 – Herman P. Faris, American temperance movement leader (d. 1936)
- January 5 – Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal (b. 1766)
- January 8 – Caroline Cornwallis, English writer (b. 1786)
- January 9 – Anson Jones, 4th and last President of Texas (suicide) (b. 1798)
- March 4 – Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry, American naval officer (b. 1794)
- April 7 – Anton Diabelli, composer (b. 1781)
- June 3 – Julius Reubke, German composer (b. 1834)
- June 28 – Auguste de Montferrand, French architect (b. 1786)
- August 14 – Tokugawa Iesada, the 13th shogun of Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan (b. 1824)
- September 9 – Thomas Assheton Smith II, politician and cricketer (b. 1776)
- September 17 – Dred Scott, American slave (b. ca 1795)
- November 3 – Harriet Taylor Mill, philosopher and women's rights advocate (b. 1807)
- November 12 – Alois II, Prince of Liechtenstein (b. 1796)
- November 15 – Li Hsu-pin, military leader (b. 1817)
- November 17 – Robert Owen, social reformer (b. 1771)
- November 24 – Wincenty Krasiński, Polish military leader (b. 1782)
- December 3 – Joseph Marie Elisabeth Durocher, geologist (b. 1817)
- December 13 – Karl Ludwig Philipp Zeyher, botanist (b. 1799)
- December 17 – Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha, Ottoman statesman (b. 1800)
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Template:Letters From The Continent ed. Hayman. ISBN 0-8020-5583-4
- "The Zambesi Expedition". Livingstone Online. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- CommunicationSolutions/ISI, "Railroads — prior to the Civil War", North Carolina Business History, 2006, accessed 1 Feb 2010
- Wolpert, Stanley (1989). A New History of India (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 239–40. ISBN 0-19-505637-X.