1859 in Denmark
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Events from the year 1859 in Denmark.
- Monarch – HM Frederick VII
- Prime minister – Carl Christian Hall (until 2 December), Carl Edvard Rotwitt
- April 15 – An act provides for the Royal Danish Navy as well as the Botanical Gardens to leave Gammelholm which is instead to undergo urban redevelopment. The Navy's activities are moved to Nyholm while the Botanical Gardens relocate to their current site.
- May 28 – The poet Bernhard Severin Ingemann, a central figure of the Danish Golden Age, turns 70 and receives a golden horn from the women of Denmark at his home at Sorø Academy.
- September 20 – Copenhagen Zoo is inaugurated.
- October 2 – Illustreret Tidende, Denmark's first illustrated weekly, is published for the first time.
- December 17 – Frederiksborg Castle is devastated by fire but Frederiksborg Chapel is saved.
- April 21 – Christian Sonne, politician (died 1941)
- May 13 – August Enna, composer (died 1939)
- June 16 – Max Henius, biochemist, co-founder of the American Academy of Brewing (died 1935)
- June 25 – Gerhard Heilmann, paleontologist, scientific illustrator (died 1946)
- August 18 – Anna Ancher, painter (died 1935)
- September 13 – Anton Rosen, architect (died 1928)
- September 22 – Rudolph Sophus Bergh, composer (died 1924)
- October 22 – Thomas Vilhelm Garde, naval officer, Greenland explorer (died 1926)
- December 10 – Peder Mørk Mønsted, painter (died 1941)
- March 13 – Vilhelm Pedersen, artist, illustrator (born 1820)
- September 24 – Emanuel Larsen, marine painter (born 1823)
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