1859 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1859.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Dimorphodon[5]

Valid

Owen

Early Jurassic (Hettangian-Sinemurian)

Blue Lias

 England

A dimorphodontid; new genus for "Pterodactylus" macronyx Buckland (1829).

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Galesaurus[6]

Valid

Owen

Early Triassic (Induan)

Cynognathus Assemblage Zone

 South Africa

A galesaurid cynodont.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Johnston, C. 1859. Note on odontography. Amer. J. Dent. Sci. 9: pp. 337-343
  3. ^ Leidy, J. 1859. Extinct vertebrata from the Judith River and Great Lignite Formations of Nebraska. American Philosophical Society Transactions 11:pp. 139-154.
  4. ^ Owen, R. 1859. On the order of fossil and recent reptilia, and their distribution in time. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science: pp. 153-166.
  5. ^ Owen, R. (1859). "On a new genus (Dimorphodon) of pterodactyle, with remarks on the geological distribution of flying reptiles." Rep. Br. Ass. Advmnt Sci., 28 (1858): 97–103.
  6. ^ Owen, R. 1859. On the order of fossil and recent reptilia, and their distribution in time. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 1859: pp. 153-166.