1860 in the United States
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|1860 in the United States|
|Years:||1857 1858 1859 – 1860 – 1861 1862 1863|
33 stars (1859–1861)
Events from the year 1860 in the United States.
- President: James Buchanan (Democratic)
- Vice President: John C. Breckinridge (Democratic)
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: William Pennington (R-New Jersey)
- Congress: 36th
- Governor of Alabama: Andrew B. Moore (Democratic)
- Governor of Arkansas: Elias Nelson Conway (Democratic) (until November 16), Henry Massey Rector (Democratic) (starting November 16)
- Governor of California:
- Governor of Connecticut: William A. Buckingham (Republican)
- Governor of Delaware: William Burton (Democratic)
- Governor of Florida: Madison S. Perry (Democratic)
- Governor of Georgia: Joseph E. Brown (Democratic)
- Governor of Illinois: William Henry Bissell (Republican) (until March 18), John Wood (Republican) (starting March 18)
- Governor of Indiana: Ashbel P. Willard (Democratic) (until October 4), Abram A. Hammond (Democratic) (starting October 4)
- Governor of Iowa: Ralph P. Lowe (Republican) (until January 11), Samuel J. Kirkwood (Republican) (starting January 11)
- Governor of Kentucky: Beriah Magoffin (Democratic)
- Governor of Louisiana: Robert C. Wickliffe (Democratic) (until January 23), Thomas Overton Moore (Democratic) (starting January 23)
- Governor of Maine: Lot M. Morrill (Democratic)
- Governor of Maryland: Thomas H. Hicks (Know Nothing)/(Republican Party)
- Governor of Massachusetts: Nathaniel Prentice Banks (Republican)
- Governor of Michigan: Moses Wisner (Republican)
- Governor of Minnesota: Henry H. Sibley (Democratic Party) (until January 2), Alexander Ramsey (Republican) (starting January 2)
- Governor of Mississippi: John J. Pettus (Democratic Party)
- Governor of Missouri: Robert Marcellus Stewart (Democratic)
- Governor of New Hampshire: Ichabod Goodwin (Republican)
- Governor of New Jersey: William A. Newell (Republican) (until January 17), Charles Smith Olden (Republican) (starting January 17)
- Governor of New York: Edwin D. Morgan (Republican)
- Governor of North Carolina: John Willis Ellis (Democratic)
- Governor of Ohio: Salmon P. Chase (Republican) (until January 9), William Dennison (Republican) (starting January 9)
- Governor of Oregon: John Whiteaker (Democratic)
- Governor of Pennsylvania: William F. Packer (Democratic)
- Governor of Rhode Island: Thomas G. Turner (Republican) (until May 29), William Sprague IV (Republican) (starting May 29)
- Governor of South Carolina: William Henry Gist (Democratic) (until December 14), Francis Wilkinson Pickens (Democratic) (starting December 14)
- Governor of Tennessee: Isham G. Harris (Democratic)
- Governor of Texas: Sam Houston (Independent)
- Governor of Vermont: Hiland Hall (Republican) (until October 12), Erastus Fairbanks (Republican) (starting October 12)
- Governor of Virginia: Henry A. Wise (Democratic) (until January 1), John Letcher (Democratic) (starting January 1)
- Governor of Wisconsin: Alexander W. Randall (Republican)
- January 10 – The Pemberton Mill collapses in Lawrence, Massachusetts, killing 145 workers.
- February 26 – 1860 Wiyot Massacre: 80 to 250 Wiyot people were killed on Indian Island, near Eureka, California.
- February 27 – Abraham Lincoln gives his Cooper Union speech.
- April 3 – The Pony Express begins its first run from Saint Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California.
- May 1 – A Chondrite type meteorite falls to earth in Muskingum County, Ohio near the town of New Concord.
- May 6 – The Paiute War begins as Northern Paiutes raided Williams Station in Utah Territory.
- May 9 – The U.S. Constitutional Union Party holds its convention and nominates John Bell for President of the United States.
- May 12 – Paiute War – First Battle of Pyramid Lake: American vigilantes seek out the Paiutes and are soundly defeated. Disorganized and outnumbered, nearly all of the vigilantes are killed or wounded.
- May 18 – Abraham Lincoln is selected as the U.S. presidential candidate for the Republican Party.
- June 2–4 – Paiute War – Second Battle of Pyramid Lake: A well-organized force of militia and U.S. Army soldiers seek out the Paiutes and defeat them in the final battle of the war.
- August – The Paiute War ends with an informal ceasefire.
- August 25 – The Stone's Prairie Riot takes place in Payson and Plainville, Illinois between the Republican Wide Awakes para-military organization and armed Democratic supporters of Stephen A. Douglas.
- September 7 – The Lady Elgin is accidentally rammed and sunk in Lake Michigan; more than 400 drown.
- November 6 – U.S. presidential election: Abraham Lincoln beats John C. Breckinridge, Stephen A. Douglas, and John Bell and is elected as the 16th President of the United States, the first Republican to hold that office.
- December 18 – Senator John J. Crittenden proposes the so-called Crittenden Compromise hoping to resolve the U.S. secession crisis.
- December 18 – Texas Rangers defeat a band of Comanches at the Battle of Pease River; Cynthia Ann Parker is recaptured and returned to her family after 24 years.
- December 20 – South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the United States.
- December 24 – South Carolina issues the "Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union", analogous to the United States Declaration of Independence.
- Augustana College is founded in Chicago, Illinois, United States by Swedish immigrants. The college moves to Paxton, Illinois, in 1862, and to its eventual home in Rock Island, Illinois, in 1875.
- Sedalia, Missouri is incorporated.
- The American South has c. 4 million slaves.
- 1860–1900 – 14 million immigrants come to the USA.
- Secession crisis (1860–1861)
- January 25 – Charles Curtis, 31st Vice President of the United States from 1929 till 1933. United States Senator from Kansas from 1915 till 1929. (died 1936)
- March 8 – James A. Hemenway, United States Senator from Indiana from 1905 to 1909. (died 1923)
- October 12 – Chester I. Long, United States Senator from Kansas from 1903 till 1909. (died 1934)
- June 6 – Henry P. Haun, United States Senator from California from 1859 till 1860. (born 1815)
- July 1 – Charles Goodyear, inventor (born 1800)
- September 19 – Thomas D. Rice, actor and dancer (born 1808)
- October 3 – Rembrandt Peale, artist and museum keeper (born 1778)
- October 25 – James "Grizzly" Adams, mountain man and bear trainer (born 1812)
- Media related to 1860 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons