|Discovered by||Karl Reinmuth|
|Discovery date||April 24, 1932|
|Alternative names||1932 HA|
|Minor planet category||Apollo
|Epoch November 26, 2005 (JD 2453700.5)|
|Aphelion||343.216 Gm (2.294 AU)|
|Perihelion||96.850 Gm (0.647 AU)|
|Semi-major axis||220.033 Gm (1.471 AU)|
|Orbital period||651.543 d(1.78 a)|
|Average orbital speed||22.50 km/s|
|Longitude of ascending node||35.777°|
|Argument of perihelion||285.784°|
|Dimensions||1.5 km (mean diameter)|
|Mean density||2.0? g/cm³|
|Equatorial surface gravity||0.0005? m/s²|
|Escape velocity||0.0009? km/s|
|Rotation period||0.1277265 d (3.065436 h)|
|Absolute magnitude (H)||16.25|
It is the namesake of the Apollo asteroids, and the first one discovered, although because it was lost for a time its asteroid number (1862) is higher than that of some other Apollo asteroids such as 1566 Icarus. Analysis of the spin of this object provided observational evidence of the YORP effect.
On November 4, 2005, it was announced that an asteroid moon, or satellite of Apollo, had been detected by radar observations from Arecibo Observatory, Puerto Rico, October 29 – November 2, 2005. The standard provisional designation for this satellite is S/2005 (1862) 1. The announcement is contained in the International Astronomical Union Circular (IAUC) 8627 . The satellite is just 80 m across and orbits Apollo closely, in an orbit a mere 3 km in radius .
Potentially hazardous object
1862 Apollo is a potentially hazardous asteroid (PHA) because its minimum orbit intersection distance (MOID) is less than 0.05 AU. It is 0.0259 AU or 10.06 Lunar distances. Also its diameter is greater than 150 meters.
- Durech, J.; Vokrouhlický, D.; Kaasalainen, M.; Weissman, P.; Lowry, S. C.; Beshore, E.; Higgins, D.; Krugly, Y. N. et al. (September 2008). "New photometric observations of asteroids (1862) Apollo and (25143) Itokawa – an analysis of YORP effect". Astronomy and Astrophysics 488 (1): 345–350. Bibcode:2008A&A...488..345D. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200809663.