1862 in literature
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In poetry: 1859 1860 1861 -1862- 1863 1864 1865
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The year 1862 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- April 6 - Two months after joining the staff of General William Babcock Hazen, Ambrose Bierce participates in the Battle of Shiloh, later the subject of a memoir. Among those fighting on the opposite side is future journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley, who will also record his experiences.
- June - Nikolai Chernyshevsky is imprisoned in Saint Petersburg and begins his novel What Is To Be Done?
- June 4 - Henry Morton Stanley, now a "Galvanized Yankee", joins the Union Army; he is discharged 18 days later because of illness.
- July - George Eliot's historical novel Romola begins serialization in Cornhill Magazine, the first time she has published a full-length book in this format. George Murray Smith of the publishers Smith, Elder & Co. has agreed a £7,000 advance for it.
- July 1 - Moscow's first free public library opens as The Library of the Moscow Public Museum and Rumiantsev Museum, predecessor of the Russian State Library.
- July 4 - Charles Dodgson (better known as Lewis Carroll) extemporises the story that becomes Alice's Adventures in Wonderland for 10-year-old Alice Liddell and her sisters on a rowing boat trip on The Isis from Oxford to Godstow.
- September 23 - Leo Tolstoy marries Sophia ("Sonya") Andreevna Behrs, 16 years his junior, in Moscow, having given her a diary detailing his previous sexual relations.
- November 26 - Charles Dodgson sends the handwritten manuscript of Alice's Adventures Underground to Alice Liddell.
- November 29 - Serialization of The Notting Hill Mystery by "Charles Felix" (probably Charles Warren Adams) commences in Once A Week (London); it is considered the first full-length detective novel in English.
- December - Louisa May Alcott becomes a nurse at the Union hospital in Georgetown, D.C.
- December 24 - William Dean Howells marries Elinor Mead at the American embassy in Paris.
- date unknown
- José de Alencar - Lucíola
- Mary Elizabeth Braddon - Lady Audley's Secret
- Camilo Castelo Branco - Amor de Perdição
- Wilkie Collins - No Name
- Fyodor Dostoevsky - The House of the Dead
- George Eliot - Romola (serialization)
- Gustave Flaubert - Salammbo
- Eugène Fromentin - Dominique
- The Goncourt brothers (Edmond and Jules de Goncourt) - Sister Philomene
- Victor Hugo - Les Misérables
- Henry Kingsley - Ravenshoe
- George MacDonald - David Elginbrod
- Elizabeth Stoddard - The Morgesons
- William Makepeace Thackeray - The Adventures of Philip
- Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy - Prince Serebrenni
- Anthony Trollope - Orley Farm (publication completed)
- Ivan Turgenev - Fathers and Sons
- Mrs. Henry Wood - The Channings
- Émile Augier - Le Fils de Giboyer
- Henrik Ibsen - Love's Comedy (first published)
- Edmund Yates - Invitations
- Pavlo Chubynsky - Ukraine's glory has not perished (later the Ukrainian national anthem)
- Henrik Ibsen - Terje Vigen
- George Meredith - Modern Love
- Christina Rossetti - Goblin Market and other poems
- John Hill Burton - The Book-Hunter
- Thomas De Quincey - Recollections of the Lakes and the Lake Poets
- John William Draper - The History of the Intellectual Development of Europe
- Julia Kavanagh
- English Women of Letters
- French Women of Letters
- John Ruskin - Unto This Last
- Leo Tolstoy - "The School at Yasnaya Polyana"
- January 24 – Edith Wharton, American novelist (died 1937)
- May 1 – Marcel Prévost, French dramatist (died 1941)
- May 9 – Hugh Stowell Scott, pseudonym Henry Seton Merriman, English novelist (died 1903)
- May 15 – Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian dramatist and novelist (died 1931)
- June 6 – Henry Newbolt, English poet (died 1938)
- August 1 – Montague Rhodes James, English scholar and short story writer (died 1936)
- August 6 – Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson, English historian (died 1932)
- August 29 – Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian poet, playwright (died 1949)
- September 1 – Adolphe Appia, Swiss stage scenery and lighting designer (died 1928)
- September 27 – Francis Adams, Anglo-Australian poet, novelist, essayist and dramatist (died 1893)
- October 13 – Mary Kingsley, English travel writer (died 1900)
- December 8 – Georges Feydeau, French farceur (died 1921)
- December 16 – John Fox, Jr., American novelist and journalist (died 1919)
- December 23 – Henri Pirenne, Belgian historian (died 1935)
- January 11 – Jean Philibert Damiron, French philosopher (born 1794)
- February 24 – Bernhard Severin Ingemann, Danish novelist and poet (born 1789)
- April 6 – Fitz James O'Brien, Irish-American science fiction pioneer (born 1828)
- May 6 – Henry David Thoreau, American philosopher (born 1817)
- May 25 – Johann Nestroy, Austrian dramatist (born 1801)
- August 27 – Thomas Jefferson Hogg, English biographer (born 1792)
- November 26 – Julia Pardoe, English novelist and historian (born 1806)
- November 30 – James Sheridan Knowles, Irish dramatist and actor (born 1784)
- December 17 – Grace Wharton, novelist and historian (born 1797)
- Gaisford Prize - Robert William Raper (Trinity) for comic iambic verse: Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part II, Act 4, Sc. 3
- Newdigate Prize - Arthur C. Auchmuty, "Julian the Apostate"
- Cozzens, Peter (April 1996). "The Tormenting Flame: What Ambrose Bierce Saw in a Fire-Swept Thicket at Shiloh Haunted Him for the rest of his Life". Civil War Times Illustrated XXXV (1): 44–54.
- Arnold, James (1998). Shiloh 1862 – the death of innocence. London: Osprey Publishing. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-85532-606-4.
- Simpkin, John (1997–2013). "Nikolai Chernyshevsky". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- Gallop, Alan (2004). Mr Stanley, I presume – the life and explorations of Henry Morton Stanley. Stroud: Sutton. p. 61. ISBN 978-0750930932.
- Spittles, Brian (1993). George Eliot: Godless Woman. Basingstoke; London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 0-333-57218-1.
- Davies, Mark J. (2010). Alice in Waterland: Lewis Carroll and the River Thames in Oxford. Oxford: Signal Books. ISBN 978-1904955726.
- Collins, Paul (2011-01-07). "Before Hercule or Sherlock, There Was Ralph". The New York Times Book Review.
- Symons, Julian (1972). Bloody Murder: From the Detective Story to the Crime Novel. London: Faber and Faber. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-571-09465-3.
There is no doubt that the first detective novel, preceding Collins and Gaboriau, was The Notting Hill Mystery.
- Appletons' annual cyclopaedia and register of important events of the year: 1862. New York: D. Appleton & Company. 1863. p. 694.
- Raper, Robert W. (1862). Gaisford Prize: Greek Iambics Recited in the Theatre, Oxford, July 2, MDCCCLXII Oxford: T. and G. Shrimpton, online at books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-08-14.