1864 in Canada
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|Years in Canada:||1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867|
|Centuries:||18th century · 19th century · 20th century|
|Decades:||1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s|
|Years:||1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
Events from the year 1864 in Canada.
- June 29 - A train of newly arrived immigrants fails to stop at the open swing span near Beloeil, Canada East. The Grand Trunk Railway train runs into the Richelieu River, killing 99.
- June 30 - Macdonald-Cartier "Great Coalition" government formed.
- July 18 - North-South negotiations begin at Niagara Falls, New York
- September 1-September 9: Charlottetown Conference, noted as the first step towards Confederation
- September 19 - Confederate agents use Canada as base for attempt to free Confederate prisoners of war on Johnson Island in Lake Erie.
- October 10-October 27: Quebec Conference, identified 72 resolutions for the British North America Act
- October 19 - St. Albans Raid.
- February 15 - William Howard Hearst, politician and 7th Premier of Ontario (died 1941)
- March 31 - J. J. Kelso, journalist and social activist (died 1935)
- July 27 - Ernest Howard Armstrong, journalist, politician and Premier of Manitoba (died 1946)
- October 3 - William Robson, politician (died 1941)
- October 8 - Ozias Leduc, painter (died 1955)
- November 9 - James Alexander Murray, politician and Premier of New Brunswick (died 1960)
- November 24 - John Wesley Brien, physician and politician (died 1949)
- December 14 - Henry Edgarton Allen, politician
Full date unknown
- February 20 - Rose Fortune, entrepreneur (born 1774)
- February 26 - Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, politician (born 1807)
- April 29 - Abraham Pineo Gesner, physician and surgeon, geologist, and inventor (born 1797)