1864 in science

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The year 1864 in science and technology included many events, some of which are listed here.

Astronomy[edit]

Botany[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Conservation[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Physics[edit]

Technology[edit]

Zoology[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kwok, Sun (2000). "History and overview". The Origin and Evolution of planetary Nebulae. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–7. ISBN 0-521-62313-8. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Spruce, Richard (1884). "Hepaticae of the Amazon and the Andes of Peru and Ecuador". Transactions and Proceedings of the Botanical Society (Edinburgh) 15 (1-2). 
  3. ^ Spruce, Richard (1908). Wallace, Alfred Russel, ed. Notes of a botanist on the Amazon and the Andes... during the years 1849–1864. London: Macmillan. 
  4. ^ Pearson, Michael (2004). Richard Spruce: naturalist and explorer. Settle, Yorkshire: Hudson History. ISBN 1-903783-28-3. 
  5. ^ Newlands, John A. R. (1864-08-20). "On Relations Among the Equivalents". Chemical News 10: 94–95. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-30. 
  6. ^ "Julius Lothar Meyer and Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev". Chemical Achievers: The Human Face of Chemical Sciences. Chemical Heritage Foundation. 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  7. ^ Guldberg, C. M.; Waage, P. (1864). "Studies Concerning Affinity". Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiana: 35. 
  8. ^ Waage, P. (1864). "Experiments for Determining the Affinity Law". Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania: 92. 
  9. ^ Guldberg, C. M. (1864). "Concerning the Laws of Chemical Affinity". Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania: 111. 
  10. ^ Schaffer, Jeffrey P. Yosemite National Park (4th ed.). p. 48. 
  11. ^ Enneper, A. (1864). "Analytisch-geometrische Untersuchungen". Zeitschrift für mathematische Physik 9: 96–125. 
  12. ^ Maxwell, J. Clerk (1865). "A dynamical theory of the electromagnetic field" (PDF). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 155: 459–512. doi:10.1098/rstl.1865.0008. Retrieved 2011-08-30. 
  13. ^ Chaffin, Tom (2008). The H. L. Hunley: the Secret Hope of the Confederacy. New York: Hill and Wang. ISBN 978-0-8090-9512-4. 
  14. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. 
  15. ^ "History". Oriel Chambers. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  16. ^ "Henry Roscoe (1833-1915): flashlight photography". Museum of Science and Industry (Manchester). 2007. Retrieved 2011-11-17.