1865 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1855 . 1856 . 1857 . 1858 . 1859 . 1860 . 1861 ...
1862 1863 1864 -1865- 1866 1867 1868
... 1869 . 1870 . 1871 . 1872 . 1873 . 1874 . 1875 ...
In poetry: 1862 1863 1864 -1865- 1866 1867 1868
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The year 1865 in literature involved some significant new books.
- January - Our Young Folks, an American monthly for children produced by Ticknor and Fields in Boston, publishes its first issue.
- February - Publication of Leo Tolstoy's 1805, an early version of War and Peace, begins in the magazine Russkiy Vestnik.
- April 14 - Assassination of Abraham Lincoln: President of the United States Abraham Lincoln is shot while attending a performance of the farce Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C., by actor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth, dying the following day.
- June 9 - Charles Dickens is involved in the Staplehurst rail crash in England.
- June 14 - Karl May begins a 4-year prison sentence for thefts and frauds at Osterstein Castle (Zwickau).
- July 4 - Lewis Carroll's children's book Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is published by Macmillan in London for Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Carroll), three years after it was first narrated. He and his illustrator, John Tenniel, withdraw this edition (printed in Oxford), and the first trade editions are published in December (dated 1866), that published by Appleton in New York using the rejected sheets from the earlier printing.
- November 18 - Mark Twain's story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" is published in the New York weekly The Saturday Press.
- English writer Edwin Abbott Abbott becomes headmaster of the City of London School at the age of 26.
- José de Alencar - Iracema
- R. M. Ballantyne - The Lighthouse
- Wilhelm Busch - Max und Moritz
- Lewis Carroll - Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
- Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay - Durgeshnandini
- Charles Dickens - Our Mutual Friend (publication concludes)
- Mary Mapes Dodge - Hans Brinker, or The Silver Skates
- Fyodor Dostoyevsky - "The Crocodile" (Крокодил, Krokodil, short story published in Epoch)
- Edmond de Goncourt - Germinie Lacerteux
- Charles Kingsley - Hereward the Wake
- Sheridan Le Fanu - Guy Deverell
- George MacDonald - Alec Forbes of Howglen
- Robert Smith Surtees - Mr. Facey Romford's Hounds (posthumous)
- Anthony Trollope - Can You Forgive Her? (publication concludes)
- Jules Verne - From the Earth to the Moon (De la Terre à la Lune)
- Émile Zola - La Confession de Claude
- Edward Lear - The History of the Seven Families of the Lake Pipple-Popple
- Mary Wright Sewell - Mother's Last Words: a ballad
- A. C. Swinburne - Atalanta in Calydon
- Annals of Joseon Dynasty (final volume)
- Matthew Arnold - Essays in Criticism
- P. T. Barnum - The Humbugs of the World
- Jacob Grimm - Deutsche Sagen
- Karl Marx - Value, Price and Profit (written as speech)
- John Stuart Mill - Examinations of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy
- James Hutchison Stirling - The Secret of Hegel: Being the Hegelian System in Origin Principle, Form and Matter
- James Hudson Taylor - China's Spiritual Need and Claims
- February 12 – Kazimierz Przerwa-Tetmajer, Polish poet and novelist (died 1940)
- February 21 – John Haden Badley, English educationalist and writer (died 1967)
- March 15 – Edith Maude Eaton (Sui-Sin Far), English-born writer on Chinese affairs (died 1914)
- March 20 – Arthur Bayldon, English-born Australian poet (died 1958)
- March 27 – Marion Angus, Scottish poet writing in Braid Scots and English (died 1946)
- March 29 – Stephen Bonsal, American writer, journalist and translator (died 1951)
- June 13 – William Butler Yeats, Irish poet (died 1939)
- June 20 – Enrico Corradini, Italian novelist and essayist (died 1931)
- June 26 – Bernard Berenson, American art historian (died 1959)
- August 14 – Pietro Gori, Italian anarchist poet (died 1911)
- August 26 – Ellen Marriage, English translator of Balzac (died 1946)
- September 11 – Rainis, Latvian poet and dramatist (died 1929)
- November 2 – Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian writer (died 1940)
- December 30 – Rudyard Kipling, English poet and fiction writer (died 1936)
- January 11 – Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Ferland, French Canadian historian (b. 1805)
- January 18 – Charles Greville, English diarist (b. 1794)
- January 19 – Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher (b. 1809)
- January 21 – X. B. Saintine, French novelist and dramatist (b. 1798)
- February 6 – Isabella Beeton, English writer on household management (b. 1836)
- February 25 – Otto Ludwig, German novelist and playwright (b. 1813)
- April 2
- April 13 – Theodosia Trollope, English-born writer (b. 1816)
- April 15 – Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States of America (b. 1809)
- May 14 – Pierre François Xavier de Ram, Belgian historian (b. 1804)
- June 10 – Lydia Sigourney, American poet (b. 1791)
- August 4 – William Edmondstoune Aytoun, Scottish poet and humorist (b. 1813)
- September 30 – Dudley Costello, Anglo-Irish journalist and novelist (b. 1803)
- November 12 – Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (b. 1810)
- December 1 – Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (b. 1796)
- December 3 – Joseph Marie Quérard, French bibliographer (b. 1797)
- December 20 – Barton Bouchier, English religious writer (b. 1794)