1866 in the United States
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|1866 in the United States|
|Years:||1863 1864 1865 – 1866 – 1867 1868 1869|
36 stars (1865–67)
Events from the year 1866 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Johnson (Democratic/National Union/none)
- Vice President: vacant
- Chief Justice: Salmon P. Chase
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Schuyler Colfax (R-Indiana)
- Congress: 39th
- January – The second and current United States Capitol dome is completed after 11 years of work.
- February 13 – The first daylight bank robbery in United States history during peacetime takes place in Liberty, Missouri. This is considered to be the first robbery committed by Jesse James and his gang, although James's role is disputed.
- April 9 – The Civil Rights Act of 1866 is passed, overriding a presidential veto, granting further rights to freed slaves.
- April 10 – The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.
- May 16 – The U.S. Congress approves the minting of a nickel 5-cent coin (nickel), eliminating its predecessor, the half dime.
- July 4 – The Great Fire of Portland, Maine kills two and leaves 10,000 homeless in the worst fire in an American city at the time.
- July 23 – The Judicial Circuits Act reduces the number of United States circuit courts to nine and the number of Supreme Court justices to seven.
- July 24 – Reconstruction: Tennessee becomes the first U.S. state to be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War.
- July 25 – The U.S. Congress passes legislation authorizing the rank of General of the Army (now called "5-star general"); Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant becomes the first to have this rank.
- July 28 – The Metric Act of 1866 becomes law and legalizes the use of the metric system for weights and measures in the United States.
- August 14–16 – The National Union Convention is held in Philadelphia with hopes to reconcile the Radical Republicans in Congress with the Reconstructionist policies of President Andrew Johnson.
- August 27–September 15 – President Andrew Johnson goes on his Swing Around the Circle speaking tour to gain support for his Reconstructionist policies and Democratic Party candidates in the upcoming elections.
- September 24 – Western Union Telegraph Expedition to Alaska begins its second season, the first after the death of Robert Kennicott
- October 7–21 – The Second Plenary Council of American Roman Catholic bishops is held in Baltimore.
- November 5 – House of Representatives elections: Despite President Andrew Johnson's Swing Around the Circle tour, the Republican Party wins in a landslide.
Red Clouds war
- Reconstruction era (1865–1877)
- March 3 – William Marmaduke Kavanaugh, United States Senator from Arkansas in 1913. Died in 1915
- September 2 – Hiram Johnson, United States Senator from California from 1917 till 1945. Died in 1945
- February 13 – John Bernard Fitzpatrick, Bishop of Boston (born 1812)
- March 9 – James F. Trotter, United States Senator from Mississippi in 1838. (born 1802)
- May 11 – George Edmund Badger, United States Senator from North Carolina from 1846 to 1855. (born 1795)
- June 17 – Lewis Cass, United States Senator from Michigan from 1845 till 1848 and from 1849 till 1857. (born 1782)
- July 11 – James H. Lane, United States Senator from Kansas from 1861 till 1866. (born 1814)
- August 5 – William Burton, 39th Governor of Delaware from 1859 till 1863. (born 1789)
- September 7 – Clement Comer Clay, United States Senator from Alabama from 1837 till 1841. (born 1789)
- December 20 – James Semple, United States Senator from Illinois from 1843 till 1847. (born 1798)
- Media related to 1866 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons