1867 in Australia
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- Governor of New South Wales — John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar, until 11 August then Somerset Lowry-Corry, 4th Earl Belmore
- Governor of Queensland — Sir George Bowen
- Governor of South Australia — Sir Dominick Daly
- Governor of Tasmania — Colonel Thomas Browne
- Governor of Victoria — Sir John Manners-Sutton
- Premier of New South Wales — James Martin
- Premier of Queensland — Robert Herbert until 15 August then Robert Mackenzie
- Premier of South Australia — James Boucaut until 3 May then Henry Ayers (for the 3rd time)
- Premier of Tasmania — Richard Dry
- Premier of Victoria — James McCulloch
- 7 January — Riots at the Crocodile Creek goldfield destroyed the property of Chinese miners.
- 1 June — Greatest recorded flood of the Hawkesbury River at 19.2 metres.
- 12 October — The transportation of convicts to Western Australia ceases when the last convict ship to Western Australia, the Hougoumont, left Britain.
- 16 October — English immigrant James Nash reports to authorities that he has discovered 75 ounces of alluvial gold in a creek at Gympie, Queensland. The find sparks a gold rush to the area, saving the colony of Queensland from bankruptcy.
- 30 October — Prince Alfred, second son of Queen Victoria, arrives in Australia for the country's first royal visit.
- Saint Mary MacKillop and Fr Julian Tenison Woods found the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart
Arts and literature
- National Gallery of Victoria Art School accepts its first students
- Tim Whiffler wins the Melbourne Cup
- 8 April — Arthur Streeton, artist (died 1943)
- 17 June — Henry Lawson, writer (died 1922)
- 4 December — Stanley Argyle, Premier of Victoria (died 1940)
- 26 December — John Bradfield, engineer (died 1943)
- 11 January — Stuart Donaldson, Premier of New South Wales (born 1812)
- 25 June — Bushrangers the Clarke brothers executed in Sydney.
- 11 November — Mary Ann Bugg, bushranger (born 1834)
- Major Flood Emergencies in NSW: 1867, 1 June, Hawkesbury / Nepean, Government of New South Wales.
- "MacKillop to become Australia's first saint - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". 19 December 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2011.