1867 in the United Kingdom
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Events from the year 1867 in the United Kingdom.
- By February — The Society of Arts inaugurates the Blue plaque scheme, advanced by William Ewart, for erecting memorial tablets on London houses previously the homes of notable people, the first being at Lord Byron's birthplace, 24 Holles Street, off Cavendish Square.
- 11 February — Abortive Fenian attempt to seize Chester Castle.
- 5 March — Fenian Rising in Ireland.
- 15 March — 'Conference of Trades' first meets; later forming the nucleus of the Trades Union Congress.
- 16 March — First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in The Lancet.
- 29 March — Canadian Confederation: The British North America Act receives Royal Assent, forming the Dominion of Canada. This unites the Province of Canada (Quebec and Ontario), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia as of 1 July. Ottawa becomes the capital, and John A. Macdonald becomes the Dominion's first prime minister.
- 1 April — Strait Settlement of Singapore, formerly ruled from Calcutta, becomes a Crown Colony under the jurisdiction of the Colonial Office in London.
- 11 May
- Treaty of London: the great powers of Europe reaffirm the neutrality of Luxembourg, ending the Luxembourg Crisis.
- The first comic opera with a score by Arthur Sullivan to be publicly performed, the one-act Cox and Box with libretto by F. C. Burnand, opens at the Adelphi Theatre in London and runs for 300 performances.
- 18 May — John Stuart Mill's motion to give women the vote is decisively rejected by the House of Commons.
- 20 May — Laying of the foundation stone of the Royal Albert Hall by Queen Victoria.
- 22 May — Henry Chaplin’s Hermit wins the Epsom Derby in a snowstorm at 1000:15 odds, ruining Chaplin’s rival in love, Harry, Marquess of Hastings, who has bet heavily against him.
- 3 June — The sport of lacrosse is introduced from Canada.
- 1 July — Canadian Confederation: British North America Act of 29 March comes into force, creating the Dominion of Canada, the first independent dominion in the British Empire.
- 14 July — The Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel demonstrates dynamite in a quarry in Redhill, Surrey, having patented it in the U.K. on 7 May.
- 15 August — Benjamin Disraeli's Second Reform Act enfranchises many urban working men and adds 938,000 to an electorate of 1,057,000 in England and Wales.
- 4 September — Sheffield Wednesday F.C. are founded at the Adelphi Hotel in Sheffield.
- 24–28 September — First of the Lambeth Conferences held.
- October — Thomas Barnardo opens his first shelter for homeless children, in Stepney.
- 12 October — End of penal transportation, as the last convict ship, the Hougoumont, departs from Portsmouth on an 89-day passage to Western Australia. 62 Fenians are among the transportees.
- 6 November — National Society for Women's Suffrage, the first such national campaigning group, is formed by Lydia Becker.
- 8 November — An underground explosion at Ferndale Colliery in the Rhondda kills 178.
- 23 November — The 'Manchester Martyrs' are hanged in Salford for the murder of a policeman whilst attempting to rescue two Irish Republican Brotherhood members from imprisonment on 18 September.
- 28 November — Opening of Baylis's Royal Colosseum Theatre and Opera House, Glasgow, which becomes the Theatre Royal, Glasgow in May 1869.
- 13 December — Clerkenwell explosion at Clerkenwell Prison during a Fenian escape attempt; 12 local residents are killed.
- The Summer assize for Berkshire is moved from Abingdon to Reading, effectively making the latter the county town.
- Henry Enfield Roscoe isolates vanadium.
- Wasps Rugby Football Club formed in Middlesex.
- Formal rules for boxing, prohibiting bareknuckle fights, drawn up under the patronage of the Marquis of Queensbury.
- Clarence M. Leumane writes the song "The Lambton Worm".
- Matthew Arnold's lyric poem Dover Beach.
- Walter Bagehot's treatise The English Constitution (in book form).
- Henry Ramsden Bramley and John Stainer's hymnal Christmas Carols, Old and New, 1st series
- Rhoda Broughton's novel Cometh up as a Flower.
- Ouida's novel Under Two Flags.
- Anthony Trollope's novels The Last Chronicle of Barset and Phineas Finn (serialisation).
- 10 April — George William Russell, Irish nationalist, poet and artist (died 1935)
- 13 April — Sammy Woods, cricketer (died 1931)
- 3 May — J.T. Hearne, cricketer (died 1944)
- 26 May — Mary of Teck, later consort of George V (died 1953)
- 27 May — Arnold Bennett, novelist (died 1931)
- 24 July — E. F. Benson, author (died 1940)
- 3 August — Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (died 1947)
- 14 August — John Galsworthy, writer, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1933)
- 19 September — Arthur Rackham, illustrator (died 1939)
- 16 January — William Marsden, surgeon (born 1796)
- 27 April — Benjamin Hall, 1st Baron Llanover, industrialist (born 1802)
- 22 May — Edward Hodges Baily, sculptor (born 1788)
- 4 August — William Crawshay II, industrialist (born 1788)
- 25 August — Michael Faraday, chemist and physicist (born 1791)
- 1 December — William Thomas, guardian of Aboriginal Australians (born 1793)
- "RSA Timeline". Retrieved 2011-03-23.; "About blue plaques". Virtual Museum. The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Retrieved 2011-03-23. Following the house's demolition some twenty years later, the original plaque is no longer extant and the earliest to survive is that erected by September to Napoleon III.
- Moody, T. W.; Martin, F. X., ed. (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork: Mercier Press. p. 370.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 288–287. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Constitution Act, 1867". Department of Justice (Canada). 9 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Martiniak, Elizabeth. "Hermit". Thoroughbred Heritage Portraits. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Alfred Nobel", Encyclopædia Britannica
- Schück, H.; Sohlman, R. (1929). The Life of Alfred Nobel. London: Heinemann. p. 101.
- Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel; Baines, Menna; Lynch, Peredur (2008). The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6.
- "Theatre Royal". arthurlloyd.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-08-27.
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.