1868 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1868.

Arthropoda[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Myrmica duisburgi[2]

sp nov

jr synonym

Mayr

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

Fossil Agroecomyrmecin ant, moved to Agroecomyrmex in 1910

Hypoclinea constricta[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

Fossil Dolichoderin ant, jr synonym of Anonychomyrma constricta

Hypoclinea geinitzi[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

Fossil Dolichoderin ant, jr synonym of Anonychomyrma geinitzi

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Aublysodon

Nomen dubium

Joseph Leidy

Possible subjective synonym of Albertosaurus or Deinodon.

Diplotomodon

Nomen dubium

Joseph Leidy

Possible subjective synonym of Dryptosaurus.

Aublysodon may be a synonym of Albertosaurus.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Elasmosaurus

Valid

Cope

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Pristerodon

Valid

Huxley

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b c Wheeler, W. M. (1915). "The ants of the Baltic amber". Schriften der Physikalisch-Okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg 55 (4): 56–59.