1869 in rail transport
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|Years in rail transport|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1869.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 References
- January 9 - Government of India resolves not to create new guaranteed railway companies, thus determining future relationships between private enterprise and state in railway development.
- January 23 - George Westinghouse files for a patent on his air brake.
- February 17 - Henry Keyes succeeds Henry C. Lord as president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.
- February 27 - The first line of what is now Athens Metro, in Greece, opens as Athens Piraeus Railway SA, the first railroad in the country (8.8 km).
- April 6 - The Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway is formed through merger of the Michigan Southern and Northern Indiana Railroad and the Lake Shore Railway.
- April 23 - Crews building the Central Pacific Railroad lay 10 miles (16 km) of track in one day.
- April 26 - The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad opens its first segment of track (6 miles / 10 km long) between Topeka and Pauline, Kansas.
- April 28 - Franklin B. Gowen becomes president of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad.
- May 10 - The golden spike is driven at Promontory Summit, Utah, on the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America.
- May 15 - The first trains operate the entire length of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America traveling between Omaha, Nebraska and Sacramento, California.
- June 1 - The Merchants Despatch is reformed as a joint stock trading company, with ownership divided among the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and Indianapolis Railway (CCC&I), the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway, and the New York Central Railroad (NYC), all part of the Cornelius Vanderbilt rail empire.
- June 17 - The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, building westward from Topeka, reaches Carbondale, Kansas.
- July 3
- Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad subsidiary Kansas City and Cameron Railroad opens the Hannibal Bridge, the first railroad bridge across the Missouri River, connecting its namesake cities.
- Completion of the Mount Washington Cog Railway in New Hampshire, U.S., the world's first mountain rack railway.
- Riihimäki – Saint Petersburg Railway line in the Grand Duchy of Finland completed from the Finland Station in Saint Petersburg to Zelenogorsk. Stations opened at Lanskaya, Udelnaya, Ozerki, Pargolovo, Pesochny, Levashovo, Beloostrov, Solnechnoye, Repino, Komarovo and Zelenogorsk.
- August 18 - The Windsor and Annapolis Railway in Nova Scotia officially opens between Annapolis and Grand Pre.
- September 13 - The Solway Junction Railway is opened for iron ore traffic, including a 1 mile 8 chain (1.8 km) iron girder viaduct across the Solway Firth in Scotland.
- September 21 - The Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway leases the Kalamazoo, Allegan and Grand Rapids Railway in Michigan.
- 10 October - A branch of the West Coast Main Line to Liverpool, is opened by the London and North Western Railway, from Weaver Junction north of Crewe to Ditton Junction via the Runcorn Railway Bridge over the River Mersey, bypassing the earlier Liverpool and Manchester line.
- November 8 – The Central Pacific Railroad completes the final leg of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America, connecting Sacramento, California to San Francisco, California.
- November 11 – After the New York and Erie Railroad moves its primary shop facilities from Dunkirk, New York, to Buffalo, Horatio G. Brooks leases the facilities in Dunkirk and opens Brooks Locomotive Works.
- November 22 – The Ft. Wayne, Jackson and Saginaw Railroad opens between Jackson and Reading, Michigan.
- December - Newly founded Brooks Locomotive Works completes construction of the company's first steam locomotive; it is included in an order for the New York and Erie Railroad.
Unknown date events
- The New York State Legislature authorised the merger of railroads already owned by Cornelius Vanderbilt into the New York Central, including the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway, the Canada Southern Railroad and the Michigan Central Railroad into the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad.
- William Henry Vanderbilt, son of Cornelius Vanderbilt, is promoted to Vice President of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad.
- The first railroad built in New Jersey, the Camden and Amboy Railroad, is merged into the United New Jersey Railroad and Canal Company.
- The Westinghouse Air Brake Company ("WABCO") is founded by George Westinghouse.
- Wells and French Company, later to become part of American Car and Foundry, is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
- Construction begins on the central pontifical railroad station in Rome, Italy.
- June 8 - William R. Coe, chief executive officer of Virginian Railway during World War II (d. 1955).
- August 11 – Hale Holden, president of Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad 1914-1918 and 1920-1929, chairman of the board of directors for Southern Pacific Railroad 1932-1939, is born (d. 1940).
- November 9 - Charles Donnelly, president of Northern Pacific Railway 1920-1939, is born (d. 1939).
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- Association of American Railroads (January 2005), This Month in Railroad History - January. Retrieved May 23, 2005.
- Baker Library Historical Collections, Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Records, 1879-1896. Retrieved May 10, 2005.
- New York Central Railroad (1913), Annual Report, History of the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway Company. Retrieved September 21, 2005.
- Santa Fe Railroad (1945), Along Your Way, Rand McNally, Chicago, Illinois.
- Smith, Ivan (1998), Significant Dates in Nova Scotia's Railway History (1850- 1899). Retrieved August 16, 2005.
- Southern Tier West Regional Planning and Development Board, STW historical figures / Horatio Brooks. Retrieved February 9, 2005.
- Waters, Lawrence L. (1950). Steel Trails to Santa Fe. Lawrence, Kansas: University of Kansas Press. p. 42.
- Saxena, R. P. (2008). "Indian Railway History Time Line". Retrieved 2009-12-23.
- Marshall, John (1989). The Guinness Railway Book. Enfield: Guinness. ISBN 0-85112-359-7.
- "Railroad History Time Line 1860". Michigan's Internet Railroad History Museum. Archived from the original on 13 November 2007. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- New York Central Railroad (1913). "History of the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway Company". 1913 Annual Report of The New York Central Railroad System. Archived from the original on 29 March 2006. Retrieved 6 April 2006.
- "PRR Chronology 1869" (PDF). Pennsylvania Railroad Historical and Technical Society. June 2004. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Ceremony at "Wedding of the Rails," May 10, 1869 at Promontory Point, Utah". World Digital Library. 1869-05-10. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- "The Mount Washington Cog Railway". Archived from the original on 19 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-01.
- "\". The illustrated newspaper (in Russian) (# 32): 97. 1869. Retrieved 14 February 2009.
- Lines in Lancashire: History of the West Coast Main line Virgin Trains 2004.
- "Hale Holden". Railway Age Gazette 57 (10): 428. September 4, 1914. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
- Ingham, John N. (1983). Biographical Dictionary of American Business Leaders 2. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 594–5. ISBN 0-313-23908-8. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
- Northern Pacific. Annual Report. St. Paul [Minn.]: Northern Pacific, 1939.