1869 in the United States
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|1869 in the United States|
|Years:||1866 1867 1868 – 1869 – 1870 1871 1872|
37 stars (1867–77)
Events from the year 1869 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Johnson (Democratic/National Union/none) (until March 4), Ulysses S. Grant (Republican) (starting March 4)
- Vice President: vacant (until March 4), Schuyler Colfax (Republican) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: Salmon P. Chase
- Speaker of the House of Representatives:
- Congress: 40th (until March 4), 41st (starting March 4)
- January 1 – Sigma Nu, the first anti-hazing Honor/Social Fraternity, is founded.
- January 20 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton is the first woman to testify before the United States Congress.
- January 21 – The P.E.O. Sisterhood, a philanthropic educational organization for women, is founded at Iowa Wesleyan College in Mount Pleasant, Iowa.
- March 4 – Ulysses S. Grant succeeds Andrew Johnson as the 18th President of the United States of America.
- April 6 – The American Museum of Natural History is founded in New York.
- May 6 – Purdue University is founded in West Lafayette, Indiana.
- May 10 – The "golden spike" is driven marking the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in Promontory, Utah.
- May 15 – Woman's suffrage: In New York, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman Suffrage Association.
- May 26 – Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
- June 1 – The Cincinnati Red Stockings open the baseball season as the first fully professional baseball team.
- June 15 – John Wesley Hyatt patents the first plastic, Celluloid, in Albany, New York.
- September 24 – The Fisk-Gould Scandal (also known as Black Friday) causes a financial panic in the United States.
- November 6 – The first game of American Football between two American colleges is played. Rutgers University defeats Princeton University 6–4 in a forerunner to American football and College football.
- December 10
- James Gordon Bennett, Jr. of the New York Herald asks Henry Morton Stanley to find Dr. Livingstone.
- Southern Illinois University, Carbondale is founded.
- Marcus Jastrow arrives in the United States to become rabbi of Congregation Rodeph Shalom in Philadelphia.
- February 2 – Smith W. Brookhart, United States Senator from Iowa from 1922 to 1926. (died 1944)
- February 19 – Frederic C. Walcott, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1929 till 1935. (died 1949)
- April 9 – James Thomas Heflin, United States Senator from Alabama from 1920 till 1931. (died 1951)
- June 10 – William Kenyon, United States Senator from Iowa from 1911 till 1922. (died 1933)
- August 5 – J.C.W. Beckham, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1915 till 1921. (died 1940)
- January 1 – Martin W. Bates, United States Senator from Delaware from 1857 till 1859. (born 1786)
- February 18 – Walker Brooke, United States Senator from Mississippi from 1852 till 1853. (born 1813)
- March 13 – James Guthrie, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1865 till 1868. (born 1792)
- May 23 – Alexander O. Anderson, United States Senator from Tennessee from 1840 till 1841. (born 1794)
- July 30 – Isaac Toucey, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1851 till 1857. (born 1792)
- August 6 – David J. Baker, United States Senator from Illinois in 1830. (born 1792)
- September 10 – John Bell, United States Senator from Tennessee from 1847 till 1859. (born 1796)
- October 8 – Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States from 1853 till 1857. (born 1804)
- November 11 – Hiram Bingham I, missionary to Hawaii (born 1789)
- November 21 – Benjamin Fitzpatrick, United States Senator from Alabama from 1848 till 1849 and from 1853 till 1861. (born 1802)
- Media related to 1869 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons