1870 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1870.

Turtles[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Pneumatoarthrus

Misidentification.

Edward Drinker Cope

Misidentified dubious marine turtle remains.

Archosauroomorphs[edit]

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Laornis

Misidentification.

Othniel Charles Marsh

Misidentified bird.

Newly named non-avian dinosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Antrodemus

Nomen dubium

Joseph Leidy

Possible subjective synonym of Allosaurus.

Ornithopsis

Nomen dubium

Harry Govier Seeley

Struthiosaurus

Valid

Bunzel

Antrodemus may be the same as Allosaurus.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Taphrosaurus

Valid

Cope

Uronautes

Valid

Cope

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Amblydectes

Jr. synonym.

Seeley

Junior synonym of Coloborhynchus.

Cycnorhamphus

Valid

Seeley

Rhabdopelix

Misidentification

Cope

At first it was thought to be a Triassic pterosaur, but is now known to be (at least in part) a kuehneosaurid.[2]

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lystrosaurus

Valid

Cope

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.