Responsible government is granted to the Cape Colony and the British Governor's powers are significantly curtailed.
Prime Minister John Molteno comes to power and forms the first Cape Cabinet.
The Cape Government Railways is established under Cape Act 10 and takes over the operation of all public railways in the Colony, consisting of altogether 63 miles 26 chains (101.9 kilometres) of track from Cape Town via Stellenbosch to Wellington and from Salt River to Wynberg.
The Cape Colony Government protests against the British annexation of Griqualand West, which is incorporated as a separate British colony.
Gold is discovered in the Eastern Transvaal.
The Voluntary Bill is passed in the Cape, abolishing state subsidies for the Anglican Church.
^Report for year ending 31 December 1909, Cape Government Railways, Section VIII - Dates of Opening and the Length of the different Sections in the Cape Colony, from the Year 1873 to 31st December, 1909.