1872 in literature
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In poetry: 1869 1870 1871 -1872- 1873 1874 1875
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The year 1872 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- March - Sheridan Le Fanu's Gothic vampire novella Carmilla concludes serialization in the monthly The Dark Blue and (later in the year) is included in his collection In a Glass Darkly. Set in Styria, it is influential in introducing the lesbian vampire genre.
- June 19 - The Bibliothèque nationale et universitaire is established in Straßburg as the Kaiserliche Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek zu Straßburg, a public regional and academic library for the new German Imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine (Reichsland Elsass-Lothringen) following destruction of its predecessors during the Siege of Strasbourg in the Franco-Prussian War.
- July 7 - Paul Verlaine abandons his family to go to London with Arthur Rimbaud.
- September 30 - George MacDonald arrives in Boston to begin a lecture tour of the United States.
- December 3 - George Smith presents the first translation of the Epic of Gilgamesh to a meeting of the Society of Biblical Archaeology in London.
- December 22 - Jules Verne's novel Around the World in Eighty Days (Le tour du monde en quatre-vingts jours) concludes serialization (begun on November 2) in the daily newspaper Le Temps (Paris) the day following the concluding date of the narrative.
- The Federation of Madrid expels all signatories of a subversive article in La Emancipación (including Paul Lafargue).
- Rose la Touche rejects John Ruskin for the last time.
- Lafcadio Hearn becomes a reporter on the Cincinnati Daily Enquirer.
- The Scottish Gaelic magazine Féillire is first published as Almanac Gàilig air son 1872 in Inverness.
- Machado de Assis - Ressurreição
- R. D. Blackmore - The Maid of Sker
- Mary Elizabeth Braddon - To the Bitter End
- Rhoda Broughton
- Good-bye, Sweetheart!
- Poor Pretty Bobby
- Samuel Butler - Erewhon
- Edward Bulwer-Lytton - The Parisians
- Wilkie Collins - Poor Miss Finch
- Susan Coolidge - What Katy Did
- Alphonse Daudet - Tartarin de Tarascon
- Fyodor Dostoevsky - Demons (Бесы, Bésy, originally translated as The Possessed)
- Alexandre Dumas, père - Création et Rédemption
- George Eliot - Middlemarch (serial publication concluded)
- Thomas Hardy - Under the Greenwood Tree ("By the author of Desperate Remedies")
- Mór Jókai
- Eppur si muove - És mégis mozog a Föld
- The Man with the Golden Touch (Az arany ember)
- Sheridan Le Fanu
- In a Glass Darkly
- Willing to Die
- Margaret Oliphant - At His Gates
- Bayard Taylor - Beauty and The Beast, and Tales of Home
- Anthony Trollope - The Golden Lion of Granpere
- Jules Verne
- The Adventures of Three Englishmen and Three Russians in South Africa (Aventures de trois Russes et de trois Anglais dans l'Afrique australe)
- The Fur Country (Le Pays des fourrures)
- Émile Zola - La Curée
- Franz Grillparzer - The Jewess of Toledo (Die Jüdin von Toledo, first performed, posthumously (written 1851))
- Prosper Mérimée - La Chambre bleue (published posthumously)
- August Strindberg - Master Olof
- Ivan Turgenev - A Month in the Country (first performed).
- Chambers's English Dictionary
- William Cullen Bryant - Picturesque America, vol. 1
- Warren Felt Evans - Mental Medicine
- Friedrich Nietzsche - The Birth of Tragedy (Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik)
- Henry Wilson - History of the Rise and Fall of the Slave Power in America, vols. 1 & 2
- January 31 – Zane Grey, American Western novelist (died 1939)
- April 4 – Frida Uhl, Austrian writer (died 1943)
- May 21 (May 9 O.S.) – Teffi, born Nadezhda Alexandrovna Lokhvitskaya, Russian-born humorist (died 1952)
- May 31 – W. Heath Robinson, English cartoonist and illustrator (died 1944)
- June 27 – Paul Laurence Dunbar, African-American poet, novelist and playwright (died 1906)
- August 24 – Max Beerbohm, English essayist and parodist (died 1956)
- October 20 – F. M. Mayor, English novelist (died 1932)
- January 21 – Franz Grillparzer, Austrian poet and dramatist (born 1791)
- March 4 – Carsten Hauch, Danish poet (born 1790)
- March 10 – Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian philosopher, journalist and politician (born 1805)
- March 11 – Emily Taylor, English author, poet and hymn writer (born 1795)
- April 1 – Frederick Denison Maurice, English theologian (born 1805)
- April 13 – Samuel Bamford, English writer, poet and radical (born 1788)
- April 20 – Ljudevit Gaj, Croatian linguist and journalist (born 1809)
- May 13 – Moritz Hartmann, German poet (born 1821)
- June 1 – Charles Lever, Irish novelist (born 1806)
- August 8 – Heinrich Abeken, German theologian (born 1809)
- September 22 – Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer (born 1801)
- October 21 – Jean-Henri Merle d'Aubigné, Swiss historian (born 1794)
- November 16 – William Gilham, American military writer (born 1818)
- December 23 – Théophile Gautier, French poet and novelist (born 1811)
- Auerbach, Nina (1995). Our Vampires, Ourselves. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-2260-3202-7.
- "History of the BNU". Strasbourg: BNU (Bibliothèque nationale universitaire). Retrieved 2014-01-21.
- "7 juillet 1872. Ce salaud de Verlaine abandonne son épouse malade pour s'enfuir avec Rimbaud". Le point.fr, 6 July 2012 (French). Accessed 29 April 2013
- "USA Lecture Tour". The George MacDonald Informational Web. 2007. Retrieved 2014-12-18.
- Ferguson, Mary; Matheson, Ann (1984). Scottish Gaelic Union Catalogue. Edinburgh: National Library of Scotland. ISBN 0902220608.
- Publications programme note for the Yvonne Arnaud Theatre, Guildford revival (1994).