1874 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1874.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cionodon

Nomen dubium

Edward Drinker Cope

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Laramie Formation

 US

A hadrosaurid.

Craterosaurus

Nomen dubium

Harry Govier Seeley

Early Cretaceous

Potton Sands

 England

A dubious stegosaur.

Ischyrosaurus

Preoccupied.

Hulke, 1874

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian)

Kimmeridge Clay

 UK

Preoccupied by Edward Drinker Cope, 1869.

Morinosaurus

Nomen dubium

Sauvage

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian)

Unnamed unit

 France

A dubious sauropod.

Polyonax

Jr. synonym

Edward Drinker Cope

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Laramie Formation

 US

Junior subjective synonym of Triceratops.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Colymbosaurus

Valid

Seeley

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian)

Kimmeridge Clay

 UK

A cryptoclidid, new genus for "Plesiosaurus" megadeirus Seeley, 1869

Eretmosaurus

Valid

Seeley

Early Jurassic (Hettangian-Sinemurian)

Blue Lias

 UK

A member of Microcleididae; new genus for "Plesiosaurus" rugosus Owen, 1840.

Mauisaurus

Valid

Hector

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian-Maastrichtian)

Conway Formation

 New Zealand

An elasmosaurid.

Muraenosaurus

Valid

Seeley

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Oxford Clay

 UK

A cryptoclidid.

Rhomaleosaurus

Valid

Seeley

Early Jurassic (Toarcian)

Whitby Mudstone Formation

 UK

A rhomaleosaurid; new genus for "Plesiosaurus" cramptoni Carte and Bailey, 1863

Pterosaurs[edit]

Newly named pterosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Coloborhynchus

Valid

Owen

Early Cretaceous (Valanginian)

Wadhurst Formation

 UK

A member of Ornithocheiridae.

Criorhynchus

Jr. synonym

Owen

Jr. synonym of Ornithocheirus.

Squamates[edit]

new taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Taniwhasaurus Valid Hector Late Campanian Conway Formation  New Zealand

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.