1875 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1865 . 1866 . 1867 . 1868 . 1869 . 1870 . 1871 ...
1872 1873 1874 -1875- 1876 1877 1878
... 1879 . 1880 . 1881 . 1882 . 1883 . 1884 . 1885 ...
In poetry: 1872 1873 1874 -1875- 1876 1877 1878
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The year 1875 in literature involved some significant new books.
- January 16 - Henry James Byron's comedy Our Boys opens at the Vaudeville Theatre in London. It becomes the world's longest-running play up to this time, with 1,362 performances until April 1879. It also opens this year in New York, at the New Fifth Avenue Theatre.
- February/March - Arthur Rimbaud meets Paul Verlaine for the last time in Stuttgart, Germany, after Verlaine's release from prison, gives him the manuscript of his poems Illuminations and gives up literary writing entirely at the age of 20.
- February 12 - Robert Louis Stevenson is introduced (by Leslie Stephen) to fellow writer W. E. Henley, at this time (August 1873–April 1875) a patient of surgeon Joseph Lister in the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh; he will be the model for Long John Silver. Henley has also met his future wife while in hospital and written the poems collected as In Hospital.
- October 1 - American poet and short story writer Edgar Allan Poe is reburied in Westminster Hall and Burying Ground, Baltimore, Maryland, with a larger memorial marker. Some controversy arises years later as to whether the correct body was exhumed.
- December 5–6 - German emigrant ship SS Deutschland runs aground in the English Channel resulting in the death of 157 passengers and crew and inspiring Gerard Manley Hopkins' poem The Wreck of the Deutschland. This introduces his innovative sprung rhythm and metre but, being rejected for publication in 1876, is not published until 1918.
- Flammarion publishing house founded in Paris, France.
- Isaac K. Funk establishes the publishing house of I.K. Funk & Company, predecessor of Funk & Wagnells, in the United States.
- Caroline M. Hewins begins a children's library in Hartford, Connecticut.
- Nebelspalter is founded by Jean Nötzli of Zürich (Switzerland) as an "illustrated humorous political weekly".
- William Harrison Ainsworth - The Goldsmith's Wife
- Louisa May Alcott - Eight Cousins
- R. D. Blackmore - Alice Lorraine
- Mary Elizabeth Braddon - Hostages to Fortune
- Wilkie Collins - The Law and the Lady
- Alphonse Daudet - Contes du Lundi
- Fyodor Dostoevsky - A Raw Youth
- Benito Pérez Galdós - Saragossa
- William Dean Howells - A Foregone Conclusion
- Henry James - Roderick Hudson
- Julia Kavanagh - John Dorrien
- Helen Mathers - Comin' thro' the Rye
- Karl May - Old Firehand
- George Meredith - Beauchamp's Career
- José Maria de Eça de Queiroz - O Crime do Padre Amaro
- Anthony Trollope - The Way We Live Now
- Jules Verne - The Survivors of the Chancellor (Le Chancellor: Journal du passager J.-R. Kazallon)
- Edmund Yates - Two, by Tricks
- Charlotte Mary Yonge - The Brother's Wife
- Émile Zola - La Faute de l'Abbé Mouret
- Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson - En fallit ("The Bankrupt")
- Henri de Bornier - La Fille de Roland
- H. J. Byron - Our Boys
- José Echegaray - En el puño de la espada ("The Sword's Handle")
- Alfred Tennyson - Queen Mary
- Wilfrid Scawen Blunt - Sonnets and Songs of Proteus
- Alice Meynell - Preludes
- See also 1875 in poetry
- Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, vol. 1
- Swami Dayanand - Satyarth Prakash
- Edward Dowden - Shakspere: A Critical Study of His Mind and Art
- Mary Baker Eddy - Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
- Warren Felt Evans - Soul and Body
- Francis Galton - "The History of Twins, as a criterion of the relative powers of nature and nurture" (Fraser's Magazine, vol. 12, pp. 566–76)
- Baron Jules Dupotet de Sennevoy - La magie dévoilée
- Lysander Spooner - Vices Are Not Crimes, A Vindication of Moral Liberty
- John Addington Symonds - Renaissance in Italy, vol. 1, The age of the despots
- Picturesque Europe
- February 8 - Valentine O'Hara, Irish author and authority on Russia and the Baltic States (died 1945)
- April 1 - Edgar Wallace, English thriller writer (died 1932)
- April 9 - Jacques Futrelle, American author, (died in sinking of the RMS Titanic 1912)
- April 18
- June 6 - Thomas Mann, German novelist, Nobe Prize laureate (died 1955)
- June 24 - Forrest Reid, Irish novelist and literary critic (died 1947)
- July 26 - Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (died 1939)
- August 21 - Winnifred Eaton, Canadian author (died 1954)
- September 1 - Edgar Rice Burroughs, American "Tarzan" novelist (died 1950)
- August 26 - John Buchan, Scottish-born novelist and diplomat (died 1940)
- December 4 - Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (died 1926)
- January 23 - Charles Kingsley, English novelist (born 1819)
- March 1 - Tristan Corbière, French poet (born 1845)
- June 2 - Józef Kremer, Polish philosopher (born 1806)
- June 4 - Eduard Mörike, German poet (born 1804)
- June 18 - António Feliciano de Castilho, Portuguese poet and author (born 1800)
- August 4 - Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of fairy tales (born 1805)
- August 12 - János Kardos, Slovene evangelical priest, teacher and writer (born 1801)
- October 10 - Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian poet, novelist and dramatist (born 1817)
- October 24 - Jacques Paul Migne, French priest, theologian, and publisher (born 1800)
- Booth, Michael R. Review of plays by H. J. Byron including Our Boys in Modern Language Review, 82:3, pp. 716-17 (July 1987: Modern Humanities Research Association).
- Mehew, Ernest (2004). "Henley, William Ernest (1849–1903)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33817. Retrieved 2014-05-29. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.