1875 in the United Kingdom
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|1875 in the United Kingdom:|
|1873 | 1874 | 1875 | 1876 | 1877|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
Events from the year 1875 in the United Kingdom.
- 1 January — The Midland Railway abolishes Second Class, leaving First Class and Third Class, the latter having passenger facilities upgraded to the former Second Class level. Other British railway companies follow this lead during the year and later. (Third Class is renamed Second Class in 1956).
- 21 January — Preston North End F.C. move into their new stadium at Deepdale.
- 25 March — Trial by Jury, the first surviving Gilbert and Sullivan opera, premières.
- 1 April — The Times publishes the first daily weather map.
- 7 May — SS Schiller wrecked on rocks off the Isles of Scilly with the loss of 311 lives.
- 29 May — British Arctic Expedition: George Nares sets sail on an expedition to attempt to reach the North Pole via Smith Sound.
- 6 July — Opening of first passenger funicular in the UK, the South Cliff Lift at Scarborough, North Yorkshire.
- 31 July — Public Health Act 1875 establishes a code of practice for sanitation across the country.
- August — Scottish football team Hibernian F.C. founded.
- 13 August
- 25 August — Captain Matthew Webb becomes the first person to swim the English Channel.
- 27 September — American merchant sailing ship Ellen Southard is wrecked off Liverpool; 12 crew and life-boatmen are lost.
- September — Joseph Bazalgette completes the 30-year construction of London's sewer system.
- 6 December
- German emigrant ship SS Deutschland (built in Scotland 1866) runs aground at Kentish Knock resulting in the death of 157 passengers and crew and inspiring Gerard Manley Hopkins' poem The Wreck of the Deutschland.
- Firedamp explosion at Swaithe Main Colliery in the South Yorkshire Coalfield resulting in the death of 143 miners.
- English football team Birmingham City F.C. founded.
- 4 January — William Williams, poet and Archdruid (died 1968)
- 1 April — Edgar Wallace, writer (died 1932)
- 15 August — Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, composer (died 1912)
- 26 August — John Buchan, novelist and politician (died 1940)
- 10 September — John Evans, Welsh politician (died 1961)
- 18 September — Arthur Henry Knighton-Hammond, water-colourist (died 1970)
- 12 October — Aleister Crowley, occultist (died 1947)
- 26 October — Sir Lewis Casson, artist (died 1969)
- 11 November — Johnny Jenkins, racing driver (died 1945)
- 20 December — T. F. Powys, Anglo-Welsh writer (died 1953)
- 23 January — Charles Kingsley, writer (born 1819)
- 22 February — Sir Charles Lyell, geologist (born 1797)
- 7 March — James Hope Grant, military leader (born 1808)
- 22 March — Alexander Thomson, architect (born 1817)
- 27 July — Connop Thirlwall, bishop (born 1797)
- 19 August — Robert Elis, writer (born 1812)
- 19 October — Charles Wheatstone, physicist (born 1802)
- [dead link]
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Spa Cliff Lift". Scarborough Council. Retrieved 2010-06-05.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 297–298. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Disasters — Names". Durham Mining Museum. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
- Leavis, Q.D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.