1876 in paleontology

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1873 1874 1875 -1876- 1877 1878 1879
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   In science: 1873 1874 1875 -1876- 1877 1878 1879     
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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1876.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Chondrosteosaurus

Nomen dubium

Sir Richard Owen

Diclonius

Nomen dubium

Edward Drinker Cope

Dysganus

Nomen dubium

Edward Drinker Cope

Macrurosaurus

Valid

Harry Govier Seeley

Monoclonius

Nomen dubium

Edward Drinker Cope

Paronychodon

Nomen dubium

Edward Drinker Cope

Zapsalis

Nomen dubium

Edward Drinker Cope

Anapsids[edit]

Newly named anapsids[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Anthodon

Sir Richard Owen

A pareiasaur.

Pareiasaurus

Sir Richard Owen

A pareiasaur

Plesiosaurs[edit]

Newly named plesiosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Plesiosaurus longirostris

Valid

Blake

Now referred to Hauffiosaurus.[2]

Plesiosaurus propinquus

Junior synonym

Blake

A junior synonym of Rhomaleosaurus zetlandicus.[3]

Uronautes

Valid

Cope

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Nyctosaurus

Valid

Marsh

Pteranodon

Valid

Marsh

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cistecephalus

Valid

Owen

Endothiodon

Valid

Owen

Gorgonops

Valid

Owen

Scaloposaurus

Valid

Owen

Tapinocephalus

Valid

Owen

Theriognathus

Valid

Owen

Titanosuchus

Valid

Owen

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Roger B. J. Benson, Hilary F. Ketchum, Leslie F. Noè and Marcela Gómez-Pérez (2011). "New information on Hauffiosaurus (Reptilia, Plesiosauria) based on a new species from the Alum Shale Member (Lower Toarcian: Lower Jurassic) of Yorkshire, UK". Palaeontology 54 (3): 547–571. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01044.x.
  3. ^ P. Vincent and A. S. Smith. 2009. A redescription of Plesiosaurus propinquus Tate & Blake, 1876 (Reptilia, Plesiosauria), from the Lower Jurassic (Toarcian) of Yorkshire, England. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 57(3-4):133-142