1876 in science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1866 . 1867 . 1868 . 1869 . 1870 . 1871 . 1872 ...
1873 1874 1875 -1876- 1877 1878 1879
... 1880 . 1881 . 1882 . 1883 . 1884 . 1885 . 1886 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- Robert Koch demonstrates that Bacillus anthracis is the source of anthrax, the first bacterium conclusively shown to cause disease.
- Koller's sickle in avian gastrulation is first described by August Rauber.
- Francis Galton invents the silent dog whistle.
- Josiah Willard Gibbs publishes On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances, a compilation of his work on thermodynamics and physical chemistry which lays out the concept of free energy to explain the physical basis of chemical equilibria.
- Édouard Lucas demonstrates that 127 is a Mersenne prime, the largest that will be recorded for seventy-five years. He also shows that the Mersenne number 267 − 1, or M67, must have factors.
- David Ferrier publishes The Functions of the Brain.
- William Macewen demonstrates clinical diagnosis of the site of brain tumors and performs the first successful intercranial surgery.
- Patrick Manson begins studying filariasis infection in humans.
- February 14 – Scottish American inventor Alexander Graham Bell and American electrical engineer Elisha Gray each file a patent for the telephone, initiating the Elisha Gray and Alexander Bell telephone controversy.
- March 7 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for the telephone.
- March 10 – Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful bi-directional telephone call, saying "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you".
- Nikolaus Otto builds the first successful four-stroke engine using the Otto cycle.
- Francis Edgar Stanley of Newton, Massachusetts, patents an atomizing paint distributor, a form of airbrush.
- October 4 – First classes begin at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas.
- Elizabeth Bragg becomes the first woman to graduate with a civil engineering degree in the United States, from University of California, Berkeley.
- January 5 – Lucien Bull (died 1972), pioneer in chronophotography.
- January 23 – Otto Diels (died 1954), Nobel Prize winner in chemistry.
- February 15 – E. H. "Chinese" Wilson (died 1930), plant collector.
- April 22 – Robert Bárány (died 1936), Nobel Prize winner in medicine.
- June 13 – William Sealy Gosset (died 1937), statistician.
- October 3 – Gabrielle Howard née Matthaei (died 1930), plant physiologist.
- November 9 – Hideyo Noguchi (died 1928), bacteriologist.
- Koch, R. (1876). "Die Ätiologie der Milzbrand-Krankheit, begründet auf die Entwicklungsgeschichte des Bacillus anthracis". Cohns Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzen 2 (2): 277–310. Retrieved 2011-05-31.
- Galton, Francis (1883). Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development. pp. 26–27.
- O'Connor, J. J.; Robertson, E.F. (1997). "Josiah Willard Gibbs". MacTutor. School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St Andrews, Scotland. Retrieved 2007-03-24.
- Rice, A. L. (1999). "The Challenger Expedition". Understanding the Oceans: Marine Science in the Wake of HMS Challenger. London: Routledge. pp. 27–48. ISBN 978-1-85728-705-9.
- Caldwell, Chris. "The Largest Known Prime by Year: A Brief History". Retrieved 2011-12-30.
- United States patent #174,466.
- United States patent #182,389.
- Dethloff, Henry C. "Texas A&M University". The Handbook of Texas Online (Texas State Historical Association). Retrieved 2011-11-18.
- "WEP Milestones". Berkeley Engineering. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 2011-11-24.