1876 in the United States
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|1876 in the United States|
|Years:||1873 1874 1875 – 1876 – 1877 1878 1879|
37 stars (1867–77)
Events from the year 1876 in the United States.
- President: Ulysses S. Grant (Republican)
- Vice President: vacant
- Chief Justice: Morrison Waite
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Michael C. Kerr (D-Indiana) (until August 19), Samuel J. Randall (D-Pennsylvania) (starting December 4)
- Congress: 44th
- February 2 - The National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs was formed at a meeting in Chicago, Illinois; it replaced the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players. Morgan Bulkeley of the Hartford Dark Blues is selected as the league's first President.
- February 22 – Johns Hopkins University is founded in Baltimore, Maryland.
- March 7 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the telephone (patent #174,466).
- March 10 – Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful call by saying "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.."
- May 10 – The Centennial Exposition begins in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- May 18 – Wyatt Earp starts work in Dodge City, Kansas, serving under Marshal Larry Deger.
- June 4 – The Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California via the First Transcontinental Railroad, 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City.
- June 17 – Indian Wars – Battle of the Rosebud: 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne led by Crazy Horse beat back General George Crook's forces at Rosebud Creek in Montana Territory.
- June 24 – First published review of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain, in a British magazine; the book's first edition had appeared earlier in June in England. (The book was published in the U.S. in December 1876.)
- June 25 – Indian Wars – Battle of the Little Bighorn: 300 men of the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer are wiped out by 5,000 Lakota, Cheyenne and Arapaho led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse.
- July 4 – The United States celebrates its centennial.
- August 1 – Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state (see History of Colorado).
- August 2 – Wild Bill Hickok is killed in a poker game in Deadwood, South Dakota
- August 8 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.
- September 7 – In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang attempt to rob the town's bank but are surrounded by an angry mob and are nearly wiped out.
- October 4 – Texas A&M University opens for classes.
- November 7 – The presidential election ends indecisively with 184 Electoral College votes for Samuel J. Tilden, 165 for Rutherford B. Hayes, and 20 in dispute. The new president is not decided until 1877.
- November 10 – The Centennial Exposition ends in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- November 23 – Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Marcy Tweed (better known as Boss Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
- November 25 – Indian Wars: In retaliation for the dramatic American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops under General Ranald S. Mackenzie sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River (the soldiers destroy all of the villagers' winter food and clothing, and then slash their ponies' throats).
- December 5 – The Brooklyn Theater Fire kills at least 278, possibly more than 300.
- December 6 – The first cremation in the United States takes place in a crematory built by Francis Julius LeMoyne.
- Lyford House, by Richardson Bay, Tiburon, California is constructed.
- The Harvard Lampoon is founded.
- Adolphus Busch's brewery, Anheuser-Busch in St. Louis, Missouri, first markets Budweiser, a pale lager, as a nationally sold beer.
- Spring – Vast numbers of Indians move north to an encampment of the Sioux chief Sitting Bull in the region of the Little Bighorn River, creating the last great gathering of native peoples on the Great Plains.
- March 31 – William H. Dieterich, United States Senator from Illinois from 1933 till 1939. (died 1940)
- April 9 – Park Trammell, United States Senator from Florida from 1917 till 1936. (died 1936)
- May 21 – Augustus Owsley Stanley, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1919 till 1925. (died 1958)
- August 18 – George B. Martin, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1918 till 1919. (died 1945)
- October 10 – William James Bryan, United States Senator from Florida from 1907 till 1908. (died 1908)
- November 23 – Thomas M. Storke, United States Senator from California from 1938 till 1939. (died 1971)
|This section requires expansion. (November 2011)|
- April 23 – Archibald Dixon, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1852 till 1855. (born 1802)
- August 23 – Joseph R. Underwood, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1847 till 1853. (born 1791)
- Media related to 1876 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons