1878 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1878.

Dinosaurs[edit]

O. W. Lucas recovers more material which would be referred to Laelaps trihedrodon from Morrison Formation strata near Garden Park, Colorado.[2]

Name Status Authors Notes

Brachyrophus

Valid

Edward Drinker Cope

Junior subjective synonym of Camptosaurus.

Creosaurus

Nomen dubium

Othniel Charles Marsh

Possible subjective synonym of Allosaurus.

Diplodocus

Valid

Othniel Charles Marsh

Epanterias

Nomen dubium

Edward Drinker Cope

Possible subjective synonym of Allosaurus or Saurophaganax.

Hypsirophus

Nomen dubium

Edward Drinker Cope

Possible subjective synonym of Stegosaurus.

Laosaurus

Nomen dubium

Othniel Charles Marsh

Morosaurus

Jr. synonym

Othniel Charles Marsh

Junior subjective synonym of Camarasaurus.

Symphyrophus

Jr. synonym

Edward Drinker Cope

Junior subjective of Camptosaurus.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

Newly named plesiosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Georgiasaurus

Valid

Otschev

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Dimetrodon

Valid

Embolophorus

Valid

Ophiacodon

Valid

Sphenacodon

Valid

Theropleura

Valid

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ "Introduction," Chure (2001) page 11.

References[edit]

  • Chure, Daniel J. (2001). "On the type and referred material of Laelaps trihedrodon Cope 1877 (Dinosauria: Theropoda)". In Tanke, Darren; and Carpenter, Kenneth (eds.). Mesozoic Vertebrate Life. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. pp. 10–18. ISBN 0-253-33907-3.