1879 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1879.

Ichthyosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Sauranodon

Junior homonym

Marsh

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Sundance Formation

 United States

Preoccupied by Sauranodon Jourdan, 1862; renamed Baptanodon Marsh, 1880.

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named non-avian dinosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Anoplosaurus[2]

Valid

Harry Govier Seeley

middle Cretaceous (late Albian-early Cenomanian)

Cambridge Greensand

 United Kingdom

A nodosaurid ankylosaur, a member of Struthiosaurinae. The type species is A. curtonotus.

Brontosaurus

Valid

Othniel Charles Marsh

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian-Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

 US

An apatosaurine diplodocid.

Camptonotus[3]

Preoccupied.

Othniel Charles Marsh

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian-Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

 US

Preoccupied by Uhler, 1864. Later renamed Camptosaurus.

Coelurus[3]

Valid

Othniel Charles Marsh

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian-Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

 US

A basal coelurosaur. The type species is Coelurus fragilis.

Eucercosaurus[2]

Nomen dubium

Harry Govier Seeley

middle Cretaceous (late Albian-early Cenomanian)

Cambridge Greensand

 United Kingdom

An dubious ornithopod.

Labrosaurus[4]

Valid

Othniel Charles Marsh

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian-Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

 US

Junior subjective synonym of Allosaurus. The type species is Allosaurus lucaris Marsh, 1878.

Syngonosaurus[2]

Nomen dubium

Harry Govier Seeley

middle Cretaceous (late Albian-early Cenomanian)

Cambridge Greensand

 United Kingdom

A dubious ornithopod. The type species is S. macrocercus.

Vectisaurus[5]

Nomen dubium

Hulke

early Cretaceous (Barremian)

Wessex Formation

 United Kingdom

A dubious iguanodont. The type species is Vectisaurus valdensis.

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Macromerion

Valid

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b c Seeley, H. G., 1879, On the Dinosauria of the Cambridge Greensand: Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 35, p. 591-636.
  3. ^ a b Marsh, O. C., 1879. Notice of New Jurassic Reptiles: American Journal of Science, 3rd series, v. 18, p. 501-505.
  4. ^ Marsh, O. C., 1879. Principal Characters of American Jurassic Dinosaurs. Part II: American Journal of Science, 3rd series, v. 17, p. 86-92.
  5. ^ Hulke, J. W., 1879, Vectisaurus valdensis, a new Wealden Dinosaur: Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 35, p. 421-424.