1879 in the United States
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|1879 in the United States|
|Years:||1876 1877 1878 – 1879 – 1880 1881 1882|
38 stars (1877–1890)
Events from the year 1879 in the United States.
- President: Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican)
- Vice President: William A. Wheeler (Republican)
- Chief Justice: Morrison Waite
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Samuel J. Randall (D-Pennsylvania)
- Congress: 45th (until March 4), 46th (starting March 4)
- January – The current constitution of The State of California, USA is ratified.
- January 1 – The Specie Resumption Act takes effect. The Greenback is valued the same as gold for the first time since the American Civil War.
- February 12 – At New York City's Madison Square Garden, the first artificial ice rink in North America opens.
- February 15 – Women's rights: American President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
- February 22 – In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and 10-cent Woolworth stores.
- March 3 – The United States Geological Survey is created.
- May 30 – New York City's Gilmore's Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt, and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
- July 19 – Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up Holliday's New Mexico saloon.
- September 25 – Deadwood, South Dakota fire: Two-thousand people left homeless. Three hundred buildings destroyed. Total loss of property is estimated at $3 million.
- September 29 – Meeker Massacre: Nathan Meeker and others are killed in an uprising at the White River Ute Indian Reservation in Colorado.
- October 22 – Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric light bulb (it lasts 13½ hours before burning out).
- December 31 – Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
- Simmons College of Kentucky, a historically black school, is founded.
- The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) is formed.
- Mary Baker Eddy founds the Church of Christ, Scientist in Boston.
- Henry George publishes Progress and Poverty.
- February 3 – Guy Gillette, United States Senator from Iowa from 1936 till 1945. (died 1973)
- February 12 – George McGill, United States Senator from Kansas from 1930 till 1939. (died 1963)
- May 3 – Clyde L. Herring, United States Senator from Iowa from 1937 till 1943. (died 1945)
- August 2 – James M. Tunnell, United States Senator from Delaware from 1941 till 1947. (died 1957)
- August 27 – Otis F. Glenn, United States Senator from Illinois from 1928 till 1933. (died 1959)
- November 28 – Guy V. Howard, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1936 till 1937. (died 1954)
- December 15 – Bert H. Miller, United States Senator from Idaho in 1949. (died 1949)
- December 26 – Christie Benet, United States Senator from South Carolina in 1918. (died in 1951)
- March 16 – George Goldthwaite, United States Senator from Alabama from 1871 till 1877. (born 1809)
- June 1 – James Shields, United States Senator from Illinois from 1849 till 1855, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1858 till 1859 and United States Senator from Missouri in 1879. (born 1810)
- July 11 – William Allen, United States Senator from Ohio from 1837 till 1849. (born 1803)
- July 26 – Robert Ward Johnson, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1862 till 1865. (born 1814)
- September 30 – Francis Gillette, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1854 till 1855. (born 1807)
- November 1 – Zachariah Chandler, United States Senator from Michigan from 1857 till 1875 and in 1879. (born 1813)
- October 31 – Joseph Hooker, General in the Union Army during American Civil War (born 1814)
- December 31 – George S. Houston, Governor of Alabama from 1874 till 1878 and United States Senator from Alabama in 1879. (born 1811)
- "Biography of Mary Baker Eddy". ChristianScience.com.
- Media related to 1879 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons