1880 in sports

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1880 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.

American football[edit]

College championship

Events

  • Walter Camp becomes an influential figure at the Massasoit House conventions where rules are debated and changed. His 1878 proposal to reduce the teams from fifteen players to eleven is passed in 1880, the effect being to open up the game and emphasise speed over strength. Camp's most famous rule proposal, the establishment of the line of scrimmage and the snap from center to quarterback, is also passed in 1880.

Association football[edit]

England

  • FA Cup finalClapham Rovers 1–0 Oxford University at The Oval
  • A dispute develops between Bolton Wanderers and the FA about professionalism, a heated topic in football through the 1880s which will directly or indirectly involve many other clubs besides Bolton. The FA espouses the so–called "Corinthian Spirit" and there are constant arguments about broken–time payments, out–of–pocket expenses and what amounts to actual wages. Despite its convictions, the FA has no objection to professional clubs playing in the FA Cup and this may be a tacit acknowledgement that the growth of professionalism is inevitable. There are close links at this time between football and cricket, which has employed professionals since the 17th century. Part of the problem is that many of the amateurs see football as "fun", but cricket is taken very seriously and the professional cricketer is considered necessary. Bolton Wanderers, formed in 1874 as a church team, has already become an ambitious club and is turning professional to attract talent from Scotland. Its neighbour Blackburn Rovers also turns professional in 1880.
  • Manchester City founded as West Gorton FC (east Manchester) by members of St Mark’s Church cricket team.

Ireland

  • Establishment of the Irish Football Association (IFA) in Belfast as the world's fourth oldest football association. Until the formation of the Football Association of Ireland (FAI) in 1921, the IFA administers football throughout Ireland although participation in the 19th century is mainly centred on the Belfast area. The IFA now governs football in Northern Ireland only and is not to be confused with the FAI which governs football in the Republic of Ireland.

Scotland

Baseball[edit]

National championship

Events

  • The latest National Association, a professional rival of the National League, goes out of business after its fourth season, contested by only three to four clubs.

Boxing[edit]

Events

  • 30 May — after four years of inactivity, Joe Goss finally defends his Heavyweight Championship of America title against Paddy Ryan at Collier's Station, West Virginia. Ryan wins after 87 rounds.[1]
  • John L. Sullivan is now the main contender for Ryan's title and announces that he will fight anyone in America, with or without gloves, for $500.[2]

Cricket[edit]

Events

England

Australia

Golf[edit]

Major tournaments

Horse racing[edit]

England

Australia

Canada

Ireland

USA

Rowing[edit]

The Boat Race

Rugby football[edit]

Events

Tennis[edit]

England

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cyber Boxing Zone – Paddy Ryan. Retrieved on 12 November 2009.
  2. ^ Cyber Boxing Zone – John L Sullivan. Retrieved on 12 November 2009.
  3. ^ A semi-official seasonal title proclaimed by media consensus prior to December 1889 when the official County Championship is constituted.