1884 Home Nations Championship

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1884 Home Nations Championship
Date 5 January 1884 – 12 April 1884
Countries  England
 Ireland
 Scotland
 Wales
Tournament statistics
Champions  England (2nd title)
Triple Crown  England (2nd Title)
Calcutta Cup  England
Matches played 6
Top point scorer(s) Berry (2)
Bolton (2)
1883 (Previous) (Next) 1885

The 1884 Home Nations Championship was the second series of the rugby union Home Nations Championship. Six matches were played between 5 January and 12 April 1884. It was contested by England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.

England won the championship for the second consecutive season and in beating the other three nations won the Triple Crown for the second time.

This Championship was most notable for a dispute arising from the game between England and Scotland, when the winning English try was disputed by the Scottish. The teams disagreed with the interpretation of a knock-on law from which England's Richard Kingsley scored and Scotland were told to accept the decision, and their request for adjudication was denied by England. The bitter feelings caused by this situation resulted in the creation of the International Rugby Board in 1886, to create an accepted body of rules that all members would agree to.

Table[edit]

Position Nation Games Points Table
points
Played Won Drawn Lost For Against Difference
1  England 3 3 0 0 3 1 +2 6
2  Scotland 3 2 0 1 3 1 +2 4
3  Wales 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 2
4  Ireland 3 0 0 3 0 4 −4 0

Results[edit]

5 January 1884
England  (2T) 1–1 (0T)  Wales
12 January 1884
Wales  0–1  Scotland
4 February 1884
Ireland  0–1  England
16 February 1884
Scotland  2–0  Ireland
1 March 1884
England  1–0  Scotland
12 April 1884
Wales  1–0  Ireland

Scoring system[edit]

The matches for this season were decided on goals scored. A goal was awarded for a successful conversion after a try, for a dropped goal or for a goal from mark. If a game was drawn, any unconverted tries were tallied to give a winner. If there was still no clear winner, the match was declared a draw.

Matches[edit]

England vs. Wales[edit]

5 January 1884
 England 1G, 2T – 1G  Wales
Try: Rotherham
Twynam
Wade
Con: Bolton
Try: Allen
Con: Lewis
Cardigan Fields, Leeds
Attendance: 2,000
Referee: JA Gardner (Scotland)

England: HB Tristram (Oxford University), CG Wade (Oxford University), CE Chapman (Cambridge University), WN Bolton (Blackheath), A Rotherham (Oxford University), HT Twynam (Richmond), JT Hunt (Manchester), CS Wooldridge (Blackheath), CJB Marriott (Cambridge University), Herbert Fuller (Cambridge University), EL Strong (Oxford University), WM Tatham (Oxford University), RSF Henderson (Blackheath), Charles Gurdon (Richmond), ET Gurdon (Richmond) capt.

Wales: Charles Lewis (Llandovery College), Charles Peter Allen (Oxford University), William Norton (Cardiff), Charles Taylor (Ruabon), Charlie Newman (Newport) capt., William Gwynn (Swansea), William David Phillips (Cardiff), John Sidney Smith (Cardiff), Joe Simpson (Cardiff) Tom Clapp (Newport), Bob Gould (Newport), Horace Lyne (Newport), Frederick Margrave (Llanelli), Fred Andrews (Swansea), George Morris (Swansea)

This game was the first ever rugby union international game to be played in Yorkshire and the third game between the two countries. Although Wales lost the game by two tries, the result was a vast improvement on their prior two meetings, with Wales scoring their first try against their England. The try came from English-born Charles Peter Allen, and was converted by Charles Lewis who was also the vice-president of the Welsh Rugby Union. The English play was dominated by Wade and Bolton, continuing their strong play from the previous Championship; Wade scored a try while Rotherham's score was set up after a 75-yard run from Bolton.


Wales vs. Scotland[edit]

12 January 1884
 Wales nil – 1T, 1DG  Scotland
Try: Ainslie
Drop: Asher
Rodney Parade, Newport
Attendance: 2,000
Referee: JS McLaren (England)

Wales: Charles Lewis (Llandovery College), Charles Peter Allen (Oxford University), William Norton (Cardiff), Charles Taylor (Ruabon), Charlie Newman (Newport) capt., William Gwynn (Swansea), William David Phillips (Cardiff), Thomas Baker Jones (Newport), Joe Simpson (Cardiff) Tom Clapp (Newport), Bob Gould (Newport), Horace Lyne (Newport), Frederick Margrave (Llanelli), Fred Andrews (Swansea), George Morris (Swansea)

Scotland: JP Veitch (Royal HSFP), Bill Maclagan (London Scottish) capt., DJ Macfarlan (London Scottish), George Campbell Lindsay (Fettesian-Lorettonians), Andrew Ramsay Don-Wauchope (Fettesian-Lorettonians), AGG Asher (Oxford University), T Ainslie (Edinburgh Inst FP), JB Brown (Glasgow Acads), J Jamieson (West of Scotland), R Maitland (Edinburgh Inst FP), WA Peterkin (Edinburgh University), C Reid (Edinburgh Acads), D. Somerville (Edinburgh Inst FP), J Tod (Watsonians), WA Walls (Glasgow Acads)

The second meeting between the two teams resulted in another Scottish win. Both Scottish scores in this game were disputed by Wales, but this was a common occurrence. Welsh player William Gwynn took the ball over the line, but instead of touching down for a try he looked for support and was tackled. All three officials at the game were officials from three different rugby unions; the referee was James MacLaren, President of the RFU and the umpires were Richard Mullock, secretary of the WRU and JA Gardener, secretary of the SRU.[1]


Ireland vs. England[edit]

4 February 1884
 Ireland nil – 1G  England
Try: Bolton
Con: Sample
Lansdowne Road, Dublin
Referee: JS Laing (Scotland)

Ireland: JWR Morrow (Queen's College, Belfast), RE McLean (NIFC), RH Scovell (Dublin University), DJ Ross (Belfast Albion), M Johnston (Dublin University), WW Higgins (NIFC), SAM Bruce (NIFC), FH Levis (Wanderers), HM Brabazon (Dublin University), DF Moore (Wanderers), JBW Buchanan (Dublin University), JA McDonald (Methodist College, Belfast) capt., RW Hughes (NIFC), WG Rutherford (Tipperary), OS Stokes (Cork Bankers)

England: CH Sample (Cambridge University), Herbert Fallas (Wakefield Trinity), H Wigglesworth (Thornes), WN Bolton (Blackheath), JH Payne (Broughton), HT Twynam (Richmond), GT Thomson (Halifax), CS Wooldridge (Blackheath), CJB Marriott (Cambridge University), A Teggin (Broughton), EL Strong (Oxford University), WM Tatham (Oxford University), H Bell (New Brighton), A Wood (Halifax), ET Gurdon (Richmond) capt.


Scotland vs. Ireland[edit]

16 February 1884
 Scotland 2G, 2T – 1T  Ireland
Try: Peterkin
Tod
Don-Wauchope
Asher
Con: Berry (2)
Try: McIntosh
Raeburn Place, Edinburgh
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: George Rowland Hill (England)

Scotland: JP Veitch (Royal HSFP), Bill Maclagan (London Scottish) capt., DJ Macfarlan (London Scottish), ET Roland (Edinburgh Wanderers), Andrew Ramsay Don-Wauchope (Fettesian-Lorettonians), AGG Asher (Oxford University), Thomas Ainslie (Edinburgh Inst FP), JB Brown (Glasgow Acads), J Jamieson (West of Scotland), D McCowan (West of Scotland), WA Peterkin (Edinburgh University), Charles Reid (Edinburgh Acads), CW Berry (Fettesian-Lorettonians), J Tod (Watsonians), WA Walls (Glasgow Acads)

Ireland: JM O'Sullivan (Limerick), RE McLean (NIFC), GH Wheeler (Queen's College, Belfast), LM MacIntosh (Dublin University), M Johnston (Dublin University), WW Higgins (NIFC), W Kelly (Wanderers), THM Hobbs (Dublin University), A Gordon (Dublin University), JF Maguire (Cork), JBW Buchanan (Dublin University), JA McDonald (Methodist College, Belfast) capt., RW Hughes (NIFC), WG Rutherford (Lansdowne), J Johnston (NIFC)


England vs. Scotland[edit]

1 March 1884
 England 1G – 1T  Scotland
Try: Kindersley
Con: Bolton
Try: Jamieson
Rectory Field, Blackheath
Attendance: 8,000
Referee: G Scriven (Ireland)

England: HB Tristram (Oxford University), CG Wade (Oxford University), Arthur Evanson (Richmond), WN Bolton (Blackheath), A Rotherham (Oxford University), HT Twynam (Richmond), GT Thomson (Halifax), CS Wooldridge (Blackheath), CJB Marriott (Cambridge University), RS Kindersley (Oxford University), EL Strong (Oxford University), WM Tatham (Oxford University), RSF Henderson (Blackheath), Charles Gurdon (Richmond), ET Gurdon (Richmond) (capt.)

Scotland: JP Veitch (Royal HSFP), Bill Maclagan (London Scottish) capt., DJ Macfarlan (London Scottish), ET Roland (Edinburgh Wanderers), Andrew Ramsay Don-Wauchope (Fettesian-Lorettonians), AGG Asher (Oxford University), T Ainslie (Edinburgh Inst FP), JB Brown (Glasgow Acads), J Jamieson (West of Scotland), D McCowan (West of Scotland), WA Peterkin (Edinburgh University), C Reid (Edinburgh Acads), CW Berry (Fettesian-Lorettonians), J Tod (Watsonians), WA Walls (Glasgow Acads)


Wales vs. Ireland[edit]

12 April 1884
 Wales 2T, 1DG – nil  Ireland
Try: Norton
Clapp
Drop: Stadden
Cardiff Arms Park, Cardiff
Referee: unknown

Wales: Tom Barlow (Cardiff), Frank Hancock (Cardiff), William Norton (Cardiff), Charles Taylor (Ruabon), William Stadden (Cardiff), William Gwynn (Swansea), William David Phillips (Cardiff), John Sidney Smith (Cardiff), Joe Simpson (Cardiff) capt., Tom Clapp (Newport), Bob Gould (Newport), Horace Lyne (Newport), Buckley Roderick (Llanelli), Samuel Goldsworthy (Swansea), John Hinton (Cardiff)

Ireland: JWR Morrow (Queen's College, Belfast), Charles Jordan (Newport), J Pedlaw (Bessbrook), Henry Spunner (Wanderers), AJ Hamilton (Lansdowne), HG Cook (Lansdowne), DF Moore (Wanderers) capt., FW Moore (Wanderers), JM Kennedy (Wanderers), WS Collis (Wanderers), J Fitzgerald (Wanderers), W Hallaran, Lambert Moyers (Dublin Uni.), WE Johnston (Dublin Uni.), Harry McDaniel (Newport)

When Ireland arrived in Wales for the 1884 encounter they were two players short. To allow the game to take place, uncapped substitute Welsh players were provided. Charles Jordan and Harry McDaniel, both of Newport RFC, took to the field as Ireland players, though contemporary reports continued to list the original chosen Irish players, Ernest Greene and Robert Gibson Warren.


Preceded by
1883 Home Nations
Home Nations Championship
1884
Succeeded by
1885 Home Nations

Bibliography[edit]

  • Godwin, Terry (1984). The International Rugby Championship 1883-1983. London: Willows Books. ISBN 0-00-218060-X. 
  • Griffiths, John (1987). The Phoenix Book of International Rugby Records. London: Phoenix House. ISBN 0-460-07003-7. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Godwin (1984), pg 6.