1885 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1875 . 1876 . 1877 . 1878 . 1879 . 1880 . 1881 ...
1882 1883 1884 -1885- 1886 1887 1888
... 1889 . 1890 . 1891 . 1892 . 1893 . 1894 . 1895 ...
In poetry: 1882 1883 1884 -1885- 1886 1887 1888
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
The year 1885 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- January 1 - The Dictionary of National Biography begins publication in London under the editorship of Leslie Stephen.
- February 7 - José Echegaray's play La vida alegre y muerte triste opens.
- February 18 - Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published in the United States for the first time, in New York by the author's own publishing house, Charles L. Webster, the first impression having been delayed for replacement of an unauthorized obscene alteration to one of the illustrative plates. Its first-person narrative in colloquial language is initially controversial but ultimately influential in the development of realism in American literature.
- March 19 - Bolesław Prus's first major naturalistic novel, The Outpost (Placówka), begins serialization in the Polish illustrated weekly, Wędrowiec.
- May 16 - Sakuradoki Zeni no Yononaka ("The Season of Cherry Blossoms; The World of Money"), an adaptation by Genzo Katsu after Bunkai Udagawa of The Merchant of Venice set in the Edo period, is performed by the Nakamura Sojuro Kabuki company at the Ebisu-za Theater in Osaka, the first of Shakespeare's plays to be staged with actors in Japan.
- May 19 - Revised Version Old Testament published.
- June 1 - More than two million people join Victor Hugo's funeral procession in Paris from the Arc de Triomphe to the Panthéon, where he is buried, following his death on May 22 in the city from pneumonia.
- June 29 - Thomas Hardy moves to a house he has designed for himself at Max Gate on the outskirts of Dorchester, Dorset.
- Henri Beauclair and Gabriel Vicaire, using the pseudonym Adoré Floupette, publish Les Déliquescences d'Adoré Floupette, a parodic collection of poems satirising French symbolism and the Decadent movement.
- Arthur Napier is appointed first Merton Professor of English Language and Literature in the University of Oxford.
- John Ormsby's English translation of Miguel de Cervantes's Don Quixote is published. For many years it is regarded as the most accurate translation of the novel.
- First translation of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace into English, made by Clara Bell from a French version, begins publication.
- Publication of Daniel Owen's long novel Hunangofiant Rhys Lewis, Gweinidog Bethel, the first written in Welsh.
- Leopoldo Alas - La regenta, vol. 2
- Richard Francis Burton - The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night: A Plain and Literal Translation of the Arabian Nights Entertainments
- Hall Caine
- Lewis Carroll - A Tangled Tale
- Antonio Fogazzaro - Daniele Cortis
- H. Rider Haggard - King Solomon's Mines
- William Dean Howells - Rise of Sylas Lapham
- Richard Jefferies - After London
- Jerome K. Jerome - On the Stage—and Off
- Guy de Maupassant - Bel-Ami
- George Meredith - Diana of the Crossways
- Friedrich Nietzsche - Also sprach Zarathustra (publication concluded)
- Daniel Owen - Hunangofiant Rhys Lewis, Gweinidog Bethel
- Walter Pater - Marius the Epicurean
- Tsubouchi Shōyō - Tōsei Shosei Katagi ("Portraits of Contemporary Students")
- Robert Louis Stevenson - Prince Otto
- Mark Twain - Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (U.S. publication)
- Jules Vallés - Jacques Vingtras
- Jules Verne - Mathias Sandorf
- Émile Zola - Germinal
- See 1885 in poetry
- Anténor Firmin - De l'Égalité des Races Humaines ("On the Equality of Human Races")
- Tsubouchi Shōyō - Shōsetsu Shinzui ("The Essence of the Novel")
- January 16 - Zhou Zuoren, Chinese vernacular writer (died 1967)
- February 7 - Sinclair Lewis, novelist (died 1951)
- February 21 - Sacha Guitry, dramatist and screenwriter (died 1957)
- March 6 - Ring Lardner, writer (died 1933)
- May 2 - Hedda Hopper, columnist (died 1966)
- September 11 - D. H. Lawrence, novelist and short-story writer (died 1930)
- October 3 - Sophie Treadwell, dramatist and journalist (died 1970)
- October 11 - François Mauriac, novelist (died 1970)
- October 30 - Ezra Pound, poet (died 1972)
- December 8 - Kenneth Roberts, novelist (died 1957)
- February 14 - Jules Vallés, French writer (born 1832)
- April 8 - Susanna Moodie, English-born author of "Canadiana" (born 1803)
- April 18 - Marc Monnier, author and translator (born 1827)
- May 22 - Victor Hugo, poet and novelist (born 1802)
- June 18 - Louis Segond, theologian (born 1810)
- July 13 - Augusto Vera, philosopher (born 1813)
- September 18 - John Campbell Shairp, critic (born 1819)
- November 29 - Anne Gilchrist, English-born American critic and biographer (born 1828; emphysema)
- Blair, Walter (1960). Mark Twain & Huck Finn. Berkeley: University of California.
- "All Modern Literature Comes from One Book by Mark Twain". Philadelphia: Bauman Rare Books. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
- Kawachi, Yoshiko (1998). "The Merchant of Venice and Japanese Culture". Japanese Studies in Shakespeare and His Contemporaries. Newark: University of Delaware Press. ISBN 9780874136739.
- "Hardy Country". National Trust. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
- "Gilchrist Family Papers - Biographical Sketch". Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Rare Book & Manuscript Library. Retrieved 2013-01-07.