1888–89 Football League

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The Football League
Season 1888–89
Champions Preston North End
(1st English title)
Failed re-election None
Matches played 132
Goals scored 586 (4.44 per match)
Top goalscorer John Goodall (Preston North End), 21[1]
Biggest home win Aston VillaNotts County 9–1 (29 Sept 1888)
Biggest away win Notts CountyPreston 0–7 (3 Nov 1888)
Highest scoring 10: Aston VillaNotts County 9–1 (29 Sept 1888)
BoltonNotts County 7–3 (9 Mar 1889)
Blackburn RoversAccrington 5–5 (15 Sept 1888)
Longest winning run 6 – Preston North End (8 Sep – 13 Oct 1888)
Longest unbeaten run 22 – Preston North End (8 Sep 1888 – 9 Feb 1889), the entire season
Longest losing run 8 – Derby County (29 Sep – 8 Dec 1888)

The 1888–1889 Football League was the first edition of the Football League, which ran from the autumn of 1888 until the spring of 1889. It was also the first national football league anywhere in the world.

The twelve original members were Accrington, Aston Villa, Blackburn Rovers, Bolton Wanderers, Burnley, Derby County, Everton, Notts County, Preston North End, Stoke, West Bromwich Albion and Wolverhampton Wanderers who agreed to play a twenty-two game format whereby each team would host each of their eleven rivals once with two points awarded for a win and one point awarded for a drawn game. The team with most points at the completion of the season would be declared Champions of England while the team with the fewest points would be forced to seek re-election to the league for the following season.

Preston North End completed their twenty-two game programme without defeat and were declared the inaugural champions while Stoke finished with the fewest points, although their application for re-election proved successful.

Preston North End also won the FA Cup in 1889 becoming the first team to complete the English League and Cup double.

Final league table[2][3][edit]

At the beginning of the season it was decided that whichever team won the most games would be champions. A few weeks in this was deemed unfair as it made drawing no better than losing, so the League decided to award points: 2 for a win, 1 for a draw. In the end, this rule change made little difference; had it stayed in the "most wins" format, the only change would have been the move of Accrington to 10th and the elevation by one place of Everton, Burnley and Derby County.

The table below is reproduced here in the exact form that it can be found at the The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation website[2] and in Rothmans Book of Football League Records 1888–89 to 1978–79,[3] with home and away statistics separated.

Beginning with the season 1894–95, clubs finishing level on points were separated according to goal average (goals scored divided by goals conceded), or more properly put, goal ratio. In case one or more teams had the same goal difference, this system favoured those teams who had scored fewer goals. The goal average system was eventually scrapped beginning with the 1976–77 season.

Since the goal average was used for this purpose for such a long time, it is presented in the tables below even for the seasons prior to 1894–95, and since the goal difference is a more informative piece of information for a modern reader than the goal average, the goal difference is added in this presentation after the goal average.

During the first five seasons of the league, that is until the season 1893–94 re-election process concerned the clubs which finished in the bottom four of the league.[3]

Pos Team Pld W D L F A W D L F A F A GA GD Pts
1 Preston North End 22 10 1 0 39 7 8 3 0 35 8 74 15 4.933 +59 40
2 Aston Villa 22 10 0 1 44 16 2 5 4 17 27 61 43 1.419 +18 29
3 Wolverhampton Wanderers 22 8 2 1 30 14 4 2 5 20 23 50 37 1.351 +13 28
4 Blackburn Rovers 22 7 4 0 44 22 3 2 6 22 23 66 45 1.467 +21 26
5 Bolton Wanderers 22 6 0 5 35 30 4 2 5 28 29 63 59 1.068 +4 22
6 West Bromwich Albion 22 6 2 3 25 24 4 0 7 15 22 40 46 0.870 –6 22
7 Accrington 22 5 3 3 26 17 1 5 5 22 31 48 48 1.000 ±0 20
8 Everton 22 8 0 3 24 17 1 2 8 11 29 35 46 0.761 –11 20
9 Burnley 22 6 3 2 21 19 1 0 10 21 43 42 62 0.677 –20 17
10 Derby County 22 5 1 5 22 20 2 1 8 19 41 41 61 0.672 –20 16
11 Notts County 22 4 2 5 25 32 1 0 10 15 41 40 73 0.548 –33 12
12 Stoke 22 3 4 4 15 18 1 0 10 11 33 26 51 0.510 –25 12

Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against;
GA = Goal average; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points

Key
League Champions
FA Cup Winners (see Preston North End)
Re-elected
Failed re-election (none)

Results[edit]

Match results are drawn from The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation website[2] and Rothmans.[3]

Home \ Away[1] ACC AST BLB BOL BUR DER EVE NTC PRE STO WBA WOL
Accrington F.C. 1–1 0–2 2–3 5–1 6–2 3–1 1–2 0–0 2–0 2–1 4–4
Aston Villa 4–3 6–1 6–2 4–2 4–2 2–1 9–1 0–2 5–1 2–0 2–1
Blackburn Rovers 5–5 5–1 4–4 4–2 3–0 3–0 5–2 2–2 5–2 6–2 2–2
Bolton Wanderers 4–1 2–3 3–2 3–4 3–6 6–2 7–3 2–5 2–1 1–2 2–1
Burnley 2–2 4–0 1–7 4–1 1–0 2–2 1–0 2–2 2–1 2–0 0–4
Derby County 1–1 5–2 0–2 2–3 1–0 2–4 3–2 2–3 2–1 1–2 3–0
Everton 2–1 2–0 3–1 2–1 3–2 6–2 2–1 0–2 2–1 1–4 1–2
Notts County 3–3 2–4 3–3 0–4 6–1 3–5 3–1 0–7 0–3 2–1 3–0
Preston North End 2–0 1–1 1–0 3–1 5–2 5–0 3–0 4–1 7–0 3–0 5–2
Stoke 2–4 1–1 2–1 2–2 4–3 1–1 0–0 3–0 0–3 0–2 0–1
West Bromwich Albion 2–2 3–3 2–1 1–5 4–3 5–0 1–0 4–2 0–5 2–0 1–3
Wolverhampton Wanderers 4–0 1–1 2–2 3–2 4–1 4–1 4–0 2–1 0–4 4–1 2–1

Source: [1]
^ The home team is listed in the left-hand column.
Colours: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.

Team locations[edit]

Individual statistics[edit]

Top scorers[4][edit]

Rank Scorer Club Goals Matches played Goals per match
1 England John Goodall Preston North End 21 21 1.00
2 Scotland James D. Ross Preston North End 18 21 0.86
3 England Albert Allen Aston Villa 17 21 0.81
4 England John Southworth Blackburn Rovers 16 21 0.76
England Harry Wood Wolverhampton Wanderers 16 17 0.94
6 England Thomas Green Aston Villa 14 21 0.67
7 Scotland James Brogan Bolton Wanderers 13 22 0.59
England David Weir Bolton Wanderers 13 22 0.59
9 England Frederick Dewhurst Preston North End 12 17 0.71
England Herbert L. Fecitt Blackburn Rovers 12 17 0.71
Scotland Alexander Barbour Accrington 12 19 0.63
Scotland Alexander Higgins Derby County 12 21 0.57
England Thomas Pearson West Bromwich Albion 12 22 0.55

Top scorers in order of efficiency[4][edit]

Rank Scorer Club Goals per match Goals Matches played
1 England John Goodall Preston North End 1.00 21 21
2 England Harry Wood Wolverhampton Wanderers 0.94 16 17
3 Scotland James D. Ross Preston North End 0.86 18 21
4 England Albert Allen Aston Villa 0.81 17 21
5 England John Southworth Blackburn Rovers 0.76 16 21
6 England Frederick Dewhurst Preston North End 0.71 12 17
England Herbert L. Fecitt Blackburn Rovers 0.71 12 17
8 England Thomas Green Aston Villa 0.67 14 21
9 Scotland Alexander Barbour Accrington 0.63 12 19
10 Scotland James Brogan Bolton Wanderers 0.59 13 22
England David Weir Bolton Wanderers 0.59 13 22
12 Scotland Alexander Higgins Derby County 0.57 12 21
13 England Thomas Pearson West Bromwich Albion 0.50 12 22

Best Goalkeepers[4][edit]

Rank Goalie Club Matches played Goals allowed Goals allowed per match
1 Wales James Trainer Preston North End 20 13 0.65

Preston North End's Champions Squad, The Invincibles[4][edit]

Player Position Matches played Goals
England John Goodall Centre-forward 22 21
Scotland James D. Ross Inside forward 21 18
England Frederick Dewhurst Inside forward 16 12
England Robert Holmes Full back 22 0
England Robert Howarth Right back 18 0
Scotland George Drummond Any position including goal 12 1
Scotland Johnny Graham Left half 22 0
Scotland Jack Gordon Right winger 20 10
Scotland Samuel Thompson Left wing among others 16 3
England William Graham Centre half 5 0
England Richard Whittle Defender 1 1
England Jack Edwards 4 3
England Jock Inglis Striker 1 1
Northern Ireland Archibald Goodall Inside left 2 1
Scotland Sandy Robertson Forward 21 3
Scotland David Russell Centre half 18 0
Wales James Trainer Goalkeeper 20 0
Wales Dr Robert Mills-Roberts Goalkeeper 2 0
Total matches/goals 22 74

Opening day[edit]

Ten of the twelve teams took part in the first ever round of Championship fixtures on Saturday, 8 September 1888 and although no league table was published in any of the newspapers of the time West Bromwich Albion would have been the very first table toppers. By modern day calculations, Derby County would have been the first ever table toppers because of their superior goal difference which was +3 after the first game. Albion won 2-0 at Stoke in front of 4,500 spectators and would have headed Preston North End, Derby County and Everton by virtue of goal average, which would be used to separate teams who were tied on points at that time. Preston defeated Burnley 5-2, Derby were 6-3 winners at Bolton and Everton secured the points in a 2-1 victory over Accrington. Aston Villa defender Gershom Cox was thought to have earned the distinction of scoring the first ever league goal with an unfortunate own goal in a 1-1 draw with Wolverhampton Wanderers and Fred Dewhurst opening the scoring minutes later at Preston with the first intentional goal. However the post-match reports of relative kick-off times show most games were delayed allowing for crowds to assemble. A goal by England and Bolton winger Kenny Davenport 2 minutes into the match against Derby County was scored comfortably before any other and is now regarded as the first ever football league goal.[5]

Preston go top of the League 15 September 1888[edit]

Preston North End took over from West Bromwich Albion at the top of the table in their second game on Saturday 15 September 1888 when they won 4-0 at Wolverhampton Wanderers with Archie Goodall scoring on his Preston debut. Albion also won 2-1 at Derby County but the victory gave them an inferior goal average while Everton were the only other club to secure maximum points from their opening two games. Both Blackburn Rovers and Notts County made their respective football league debuts. Rovers were held 5-5 by Accrington while Notts County lost 1-2 at Everton.

Saturday 22 September 1888[edit]

A 2-6 defeat for West Bromwich Albion at Blackburn Rovers and a 1-2 defeat for Everton at Aston Villa left Preston as the only team with a 100% record after three games when they defeated Bolton Wanderers 3-1 at Deepdale. Stoke recorded their first ever league victory 3-0 over Notts County, who themselves replaced Stoke at the foot of the table. County had lost both their opening two fixtures while Bolton had yet to secure a point from three.

Saturday 29 September 1888[edit]

Preston’s 100% record was maintained when they won 3-2 at Derby County while second placed Aston Villa set a record victory up to that time when they defeated bottom club Notts County 9-1. Bolton recorded their first ever league victory at the fourth attempt, 6-2 against Everton.

Saturday 6 October 1888[edit]

Richard Whittle marked his Preston debut with a goal in their 7-0 victory over Stoke to take their perfect start to five games. Their lead at the top was doubled to two points when Aston Villa suffered their first defeat of the season 0-2 at Everton. West Bromwich Albion moved up to second after beating Derby County 5-0 while Notts County secured their first ever point at the fourth attempt in a 3-3 draw with Blackburn Rovers yet remained at the foot of the table.

Saturday 13 October 1888 Preston North End vs West Bromwich Albion[edit]

West Bromwich Albion visited Deepdale for the first ever league clash between teams occupying the top two positions at kick off. Albion trailed Preston by two points and required a six goal victory to overtake the leaders on goal average but Preston stretched their perfect start to six games with a 3-0 victory. Aston Villa moved back into second place, three points behind Preston on the same day when they defeated Blackburn Rovers 6-1. Notts County became the last team to secure a victory when they defeated Everton 3-1 in what was their fifth game.

Saturday 20 October 1888[edit]

Accrington became the first team to gain a point against Preston when they held the league leaders to a 0-0 draw in what was their seventh game of the season. Aston Villa won 3-2 at Bolton to reduce Preston’s lead to two points.

Saturday 27 October 1888[edit]

Preston North End extended their unbeaten start to the season to eight games when they defeated Wolverhampton Wanderers 5-2 at Deepdale with John Goodall scoring a hat-trick. Alex McKinnon earned the distinction of being the first player to score a league hat-trick for Everton in their 6-2 victory over Derby County who fell to the bottom of the league as a result of a sensational 6-1 victory for Notts County over Burnley. Blackburn Rovers also enjoyed a comprehensive 5-2 victory over Stoke to climb to sixth in the table.

Saturday 3 November 1888[edit]

Preston stretched their unbeaten start to the season to nine games when Jack Gordon and John Goodall both scored hat-tricks in a 7-0 victory at Notts County. This was Goodall’s second hat-trick in consecutive games and took Preston three points clear of Aston Villa who were held 1-1 at Stoke. Blackburn Rovers also scored seven goals away from home at Burnley, who did manage a goal in reply.

Saturday 10 November 1888; Preston North End vs Aston Villa[edit]

When Aston Villa visited Preston North End on Saturday 10 November 1888 it was both teams tenth game of their twenty-two game programme and the second time in history that two teams had played a fixture while occupying the top two positions in the league. Villa went into the game trailing Preston by three points but a 1-1 draw maintained the status quo.

Monday 12 November 1888[edit]

Preston’s completed the first half of their programme unbeaten when they won 3-0 at Stoke in the only fixture played that day. The result took Preston five points clear of second placed Aston Villa who held one game in hand.

Saturday 17 November 1888[edit]

Preston increased their lead to seven points with a 2-0 defeat of Accrington while Aston Villa were beaten 1-5 at Blackburn Rovers.

Saturday 24 November 1888[edit]

Blackburn Rovers completed a run of five straight victories when they won 2-0 at bottom club Derby to move into third place, eight points behind leaders Preston whose unbeaten start increased to thirteen games with a 5-2 victory at Bolton.

Saturday 8 December 1888[edit]

Bottom club Derby travelled to unbeaten league leaders Preston having not won in nine games, the last seven of which had all ended in defeat. Jock Inglis made his Preston debut and scored in their 5-0 victory

Saturday 15 December 1888[edit]

Preston North End were held to a draw for only the third time at the fifteenth attempt, 2-2 at Burnley. Their nearest challengers, Aston Villa were unable to make any impact into the seven-point deficit though as they too were held 1-1 at Accrington.

Saturday 22 December 1888[edit]

Preston’s 3-0 defeat of Everton took their unbeaten start to the season to sixteen games.

Wednesday 26 December 1888[edit]

The top club met the bottom club for the second time in a month as Derby travelled to Preston on Boxing Day. The league leaders repeated the 5-0 score they had achieved in the reverse fixture and, with Aston Villa not playing, they established a nine-point lead having played two games more.

5 January 1889: Preston Champions[edit]

A 1-0 victory over Blackburn Rovers on 29 December took Preston North End into the new year still unbeaten with just four games remaining. Their first game of 1889 would be at home to Notts County in a game that would see them crowned champions of the inaugural league with three games to spare provided Aston Villa also lost at Burnley. Notts County arrived at Deepdale having failed to win in seven outings, the last five of which had all ended in defeat and rarely threatened as Preston ran out 4-1 winners. Aston Villa slumped to a 0-4 defeat at Burnley which saw Preston crowned champions. The Deepdale club remained unbeaten in their final three games to complete their league programme unbeaten.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "English League Leading Goalscorers". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  2. ^ a b c "England 1888-89". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 17 March 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d Ian Laschke: Rothmans Book of Football League Records 1888–89 to 1978–79. Macdonald and Jane’s, London & Sydney, 1980.
  4. ^ a b c d Fußball-Weltzeitschrift No. 10, Jan/Feb 1988.
  5. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/23397062