1888 Republican National Convention

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1888 Republican National Convention
1888 Presidential Election
Pach Brothers - Benjamin Harrison.jpg Levi Morton - Brady-Handy portrait - tight 3x4 crop.jpg
Nominees
Harrison and Morton
Convention
Date(s) June 19-June 25, 1888
City Chicago, Illinois
Venue Civic Auditorium
Chair Morris M. Estee
Candidates
Presidential nominee Benjamin Harrison of Indiana
Vice Presidential nominee Levi P. Morton of New York
Other candidates John Sherman
Russell A. Alger
Walter Q. Gresham
Voting
Total delegates 832
Votes needed for nomination 417
Results (President) Harrison (IN): 544 (65.38%)
Sherman (OH): 118 (14.18%)
Gresham (IN): 59 (7.09%)
Alger (MI): 100 (12.02%)
Blaine (ME): 5 (0.60%)
McKinley (OH): 4 (0.48%)
Douglass (MD): 1 (0.12%)
Others: 1 (0.12%)
Results (Vice President) Morton (NY): 592 (71.15%)
Phelps (NJ): 119 (14.3%)
Bradley (KY): 103 (12.38%)
Bruce (MS): 11 (1.32%)
Abstaining: 6 (0.72%)
Walter S. Thomas: 1 (0.12%)
Ballots 8
1884  ·  1892

Synopsis[edit]

The 1888 Republican National Convention was a presidential nominating convention held at the Auditorium Building in Chicago, Illinois, on June 19-25, 1888. It resulted in the nomination of former Senator Benjamin Harrison of Indiana for President and former Representative Levi P. Morton of New York for Vice President. During the convention, Frederick Douglass was invited to speak and became the first African-American to have his name put forward for a presidential nomination, in a major party's roll call vote, receiving one vote from Kentucky in the fourth vote.

The ticket won in the election of 1888, defeating President Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman.

Issues addressed[edit]

Issues addressed in the convention included support for protective tariffs, repeal of taxes on tobacco, support for the use of gold and silver as currency and support for pensions for veterans. The party also expressed its opposition to polygamy.[1]

State delegates[edit]

MICHIGAN: (Incomplete Listings of District Delegates to the State Convention)


Edward Cowley Wellesley from Colon Mi. was a delegate to the State Convention held in Hartman's Hall in Grand Rapids on May 8, 1888. For the purpose of electing 4 Delegates at Large & 4 alternate delegates at large to go to the Republican National Convention to be held in Chicago. Also electing 2 District delegates from each district to go to the National Convention.


4 Delegates at Large are: William Quincy Atwoodfrom Saginaw

                                            J.K. Boies from Hudson
                                            Thomas B. Dunstan from Hancock
                                            R.E. Frazier from Detroit

2 District Delegates are choosen for each District District #1 John Atkinson from Detroit

            Henry M. Duffield from Detroit

District #2 Charles T. Mitchell from Hillside

            George Spaulding from Monroe

District #3 William A. Coombs from Coldwater

            Charles E. Townsend from Jackson

District #4 Bishop E. Andrews from Three Rivers

            L.M. Ward from Benton Harbor

District #5 C.P. Brown from Spring Lake

            A.B. Watson from GrandRapids

District #6 William B. McCreery from Flint

            William McPherson Jr. from Howell

District #7 Harrison Geer from Lapeer

            Edgar Weeks from Mt. Clemens

District #8 Roswell G. Horr from East Saginaw

            S. Perry Youngs from Stanton

District #9 George W. Crawford from Big Rapids

            Edwin O. Shaw from Newaygo

District #10 Green Pack from Oscoda

            N.M. Richardson from Caro

District #11 Perry Hannah from Traverse City

            Samuel M. Stephenson from Menominee

Accusation of delegate vote-buying[edit]

Nearly a decade later, Ohio candidate John Sherman accused Michigan candidate, millionaire Russell A. Alger, of buying the votes of Southern delegates who had already confirmed their vote for Sherman. In Sherman's 1895 two-volume book "Recollections" he asserted, "I believe, and had, as I thought, conclusive proof, that the friends of Gen. Alger substantially purchased the votes of many of the delegates from the Southern States who had been instructed by their conventions to vote for me." Once accused, Alger submitted correspondence to the New York Times, who published one letter from 1888, written after the convention to Alger, where Sherman states, "if you bought some [votes], according to universal usage, surely I don't blame you." Later in the same New York Times article, Alger insisted neither he or friends bought a single vote. The article also quotes another delegate, James Lewis, who claimed that "the colored delegates of the South will unite on a Union soldier in preference" instead of a civilian.[2]

When Sherman introduced his anti-trust legislation two years later, his main example of unlawful combination drew from a Michigan Supreme Court case involving Diamond Match Company and Alger's participation as president and stock holder. [3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ * Official Proceedings of the Republican National Convention Held at Chicago, June 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 and 25, 1888[1]
  2. ^ ALGER ANSWERS SHERMAN; Denial that Southern Delegates Sold Their Votes. THE SENATOR'S CHARGES REFUTED In an Autograph Letter He Practically Withdrew His Charge of Unfairness -- Gen. Sherman Not Opposed to the Purchase of Votes.[2]
  3. ^ SHERMAN TO ALGER.[3]

External links[edit]


Preceded by
1884
Chicago
Republican National Conventions Succeeded by
1892
Minneapolis