1891 in science

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The year 1891 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Biology[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Paleontology[edit]

Technology[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hill, Susanne; John (1987). Richard Henry of Resolution Island. Dunedin: John McIndoe. ISBN 0-86868-094-X. 
  2. ^ "The female firsts". Oxford Today 22 (1). Michaelmas 2009. Retrieved 2011-08-12. 
  3. ^ Pockels, Agnes (1891). "Surface tension". Nature 43: 437–439. doi:10.1038/043437c0. 
  4. ^ Giles, C. H.; Forrester, S. D. (9 January 1971). "The origins of the surface film balance: Studies in the early history of surface chemistry, part 3". Chemistry & Industry: 43–53. 
  5. ^ Senechal, Marjorie (1990). "A brief history of geometrical crystallography". In Lima-de-Faria, J. Historical Atlas of Crystallography. Kluwer. pp. 43–59. ISBN 0-7923-0649-X. 
  6. ^ Crilly, Tony (2007). 50 Mathematical Ideas you really need to know. London: Quercus. p. 153. ISBN 978-1-84724-008-8. 
  7. ^ Ronson, Jon (2011-05-21). "How to spot a psychopath". Guardian Weekend: 31. 
  8. ^ "Ueber primäre chronische Demenz (so. Dementia praecox) im jugendlichen Alter". Prager medicinische Wochenschrift 16: 312–15. 1891. 
  9. ^ Gomez, Pablo F.; Morcuende, Jose A. (2005). "Early attempts at hip arthroplasty, 1700s to 1950s". Iowa Orthopaedic Journal 25: 25–9. PMC 1888777. PMID 16089067. Retrieved 2012-03-13. 
  10. ^ Carroll, Sean B. (2009). Remarkable Creatures: Epic Adventures in the Search for the Origin of Species. London: Quercus. pp. 90–91. ISBN 978-1-84916-072-8. 
  11. ^ US 447918 
  12. ^ Hill, Roger B. (March 1953). "The Early Years of the Strowger System". Bell Laboratories Record 31 (3): 95–103. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  13. ^ Mannoni, Laurent; Campagnoni, Donata Pesenti; Robinson, David (1996). Light and Movement: Incunabula of the Motion Picture, 1420–1896. London: BFI. ISBN 88-86155-05-0. 
  14. ^ Lloyd, John; Mitchinson, John (2010). The Second Book of General Ignorance. London: Faber. p. 163. ISBN 978-0-571-26965-5. 
  15. ^ Georgano, G. N., ed. (1982). Complete Encyclopedia of Motorcars. London: Ebury Press. ISBN 0-85223-234-9.