1894 in science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1884 . 1885 . 1886 . 1887 . 1888 . 1889 . 1890 ...
1891 1892 1893 -1894- 1895 1896 1897
... 1898 . 1899 . 1900 . 1901 . 1902 . 1903 . 1904 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- March 21 (23:00 GMT) – Syzygy: Mercury transits the Sun as seen from Venus, and Mercury and Venus both simultaneously transit the Sun as seen from Saturn.
- Patrick Manson develops the thesis that malaria is spread by mosquitoes.
- Jean Pierre Mégnin publishes La faune des cadavres application de l'entomologie à la médecine légale in Paris, an important text in forensic entomology.
- Argon identified by Lord Rayleigh and Sir William Ramsay.
- Viscose, a form of artificial silk or rayon, is patented by Charles Frederick Cross with Edward John Bevan and Clayton Beadle.
- Psychological Review established in the United States by James Mark Baldwin and James McKeen Cattell.
- February 13 – Auguste and Louis Lumière patent the Cinematographe, a combination movie camera and projector.
- August 13 – The first Allan truss bridge, designed by Percy Allan, is completed in New South Wales.
- August 14 – Oliver Lodge demonstrates radio transmission (of Morse code) in the University of Oxford from the Clarendon Laboratory to the University Museum for the British Association for the Advancement of Science.
- November 6 – William C. Hooker of Abingdon, Illinois is granted a United States patent for a spring-loaded mousetrap.
- Construction of the first oil-engined rail locomotive, an experimental unit designed by William Dent Priestman and built by his company, Priestman Brothers of Hull, England.
- John Joly of Dublin devises the Joly colour screen, an additive colour photographic process for producing images from a single photographic plate.
- January 1 – S. N. Bose (died 1974), Indian physicist.
- February 11 – Izaak Kolthoff (died 1993), Dutch 'father of analytical chemistry'.
- June 23 – Alfred Kinsey (died 1956), American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University.
- July 17 – Georges Lemaître (died 1966), Belgian physicist.
- November 19 – Heinz Hopf (died 1971), German mathematician.
- January 1 – Heinrich Hertz (born 1857), physicist.
- February 3 – Edmond Frémy (born 1814), chemist.
- November 26 – Pafnuty Chebyshev (born 1821), mathematician.
- October 7 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (born 1809), physician and writer.
- September 8 – Hermann von Helmholtz (born 1821), physicist.
- Benecke, Mark (2001). "A brief history of forensic entomology". Forensic Science International 120 (1–2): 2–14. doi:10.1016/S0379-0738(01)00409-1. PMID 11457602. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- Rayleigh, Lord; Ramsay, William (1894–5). "Argon, a New Constituent of the Atmosphere". Proceedings of the Royal Society (London) 57 (1): 265–287. doi:10.1098/rspl.1894.0149. JSTOR 115394.
- Emsley, John (2001). Nature's Building Blocks: an A–Z Guide to the Elements. Oxford University Press. pp. 35–36. ISBN 0-19-850340-7.
- "Timber Truss Bridges". McMillan Britton & Kell Pty Limited. Roads and Traffic Authority. December 1998. Retrieved 2011-06-17.
- Display in University Museum.
- #528671. "Animal-Trap". Google Patents. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
- Webb, Brian (1973). The British Internal Combustion Locomotive 1894–1940. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-6115-5.
- Hirsch, Robert (2005). Exploring Colour Photography: A Complete Guide (new ed.). London: Laurence King Publishing. pp. 29–30. ISBN 1-85669-420-8.