1895 in sports
1895 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
- 3 September – the earliest known professional football game is played in Latrobe, Pennsylvania where Latrobe YMCA defeats the Jeannette Athletic Club 12–0.
- Formation in Brussels of the Royal Belgian Football Association (Koninklijke Belgische Voetbalbond or KBVB)
- The Football League – Sunderland 47 points, Everton 42, Aston Villa 39, Preston North End 35, Blackburn Rovers 32, Sheffield United 32
- FA Cup final – Aston Villa 1–0 West Bromwich Albion at Crystal Palace, London. This is the first time Crystal Palace is used as the venue for the final and it will stage all finals until 1914.
- In the Football League, Liverpool is relegated from Division One to Division Two and Bury is promoted. Walsall is expelled from the league and replaced by Loughborough FC (league membership 1895–1900)
- West Ham United founded as Thames Ironworks FC, a works team, by Arnold Hills who is a London shipyard owner.
- Formation of the Swiss Football Association. It is generally known by the abbreviation of ASF-SFV based on its name in three of the national languages of Switzerland. ASF stands for both French (Association Suisse de Football) and Italian (Associazione Svizzera di Football), while SFV is the German (Schweizerischer Fussballverbund). In the fourth national language of Switzerland, Romansh, it is abbreviated as ASB (Associaziun Svizra da Ballape).
- Bandy is introduced to Sweden. The royal family, barons and diplomats are the earliest players.
- Temple Cup – Cleveland Spiders 4–1 Baltimore Orioles
- Veteran player Bud Fowler and the Page Woven Wire Fence Company organise the Page Fence Giants, a black professional team touring out of Adrian, Michigan. Economic depression in the 1890s has eliminated all but the Cuban Giants in New York City and neighboring states.
- Bob Fitzsimmons relinquishes the World Middleweight Championship in order to fight as a heavyweight (there is no light-heavyweight division yet).
Lineal world champions
- World Heavyweight Championship – James J. Corbett
- World Middleweight Championship – Bob Fitzsimmons → title vacant after Fitzsimmons relinquishes it
- World Welterweight Championship – Tommy Ryan
- World Lightweight Championship – title vacant
- World Featherweight Championship – George Dixon
- World Bantamweight Championship – Jimmy Barry
- The Grand International Chess Congress is held in the summer at Hastings and is won by Harry Nelson Pillsbury ahead of Mikhail Chigorin and current world champion Emanuel Lasker.
- W G Grace's "Indian Summer" in which he scores his 100th career century and becomes the first player to score 1000 first-class runs in a calendar month (i.e., May)
- County Championship expands from 9 to 14 teams with the restoration of Derbyshire and Hampshire; and the introduction of Essex, Leicestershire and Warwickshire
- Inaugural Minor Counties Championship is held
- County Championship – Surrey
- Minor Counties Championship – Durham, Norfolk and Worcestershire share the title
- Most runs – W G Grace 2346 @ 51.00 (HS 288)
- Most wickets – Tom Richardson 290 @ 14.37 (BB 9–49)
- Wisden Cricketer of the Year – WG Grace
- Sheffield Shield – Victoria
- Most runs – Albert Ward 916 @ 41.63 (HS 219)
- Most wickets – George Giffen 93 @ 22.54 (BB 8–77)
- Grand National – Wild Man From Borneo
- 1,000 Guineas Stakes – Galeottia
- 2,000 Guineas Stakes – Kirkconnel
- Epsom Derby – Sir Visto
- Epsom Oaks – La Sagesse
- St. Leger Stakes – Sir Visto
- Melbourne Cup – Auraria
- Queen's Plate – Bonniefield
- 9 March — Montreal Hockey Club defeats challenger Queen's University to retain the Stanley Cup
- 9 March — by virtue of winning the 1895 AHAC season, the Montreal Victorias take over the Stanley Cup
- March — Queen's University defeats Trinity University 17–3 to win the Ontario Hockey Association title and the right to challenge for the Stanley Cup.
- Halifax Stanleys and Dartmouth Jubilees play the first recorded game involving two all-black hockey teams leading to the formation of the Coloured Hockey League based in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The league will feature teams from across Canada's Maritime Provinces and will operate until 1930.
- The Paris–Bordeaux–Paris race is held and is the first real motor race as all competitors start together. The first to arrive is Émile Levassor in his Panhard-Levassor 1205 cc model. He completes the course in 48 hours and 47 minutes, finishing nearly six hours before the runner-up. The official winner is Paul Koechlin, the third to arrive 11 hours after Levassor. The race is in retrospect sometimes referred to as the I Grand Prix de l'ACF.
- The significance of this event is that it proves that cars and their drivers can travel very long distances in a reasonable time. It gives an enormous boost to the motor industry and the enthusiastic public interest in the event ensures the popularity of motor racing as a sport.
- November – subsequently, several French motoring pioneers form the Automobile Club de France (ACF), which thereafter will govern most major races in France.
The Boat Race
- 27 August – Twenty-one rugby clubs in the north of England split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of broken time payments and form the Northern Rugby Football Union, which is the forerunner of the Rugby Football League. In due course, two separate codes of rugby football develop: rugby union, governed by the RFU; and rugby league, governed by the Northern Union, which is subsequently called the Rugby Football League (RFL).
- The Northern Union establishes its National Championship, Lancashire League Championship and Yorkshire League Championship competitions ahead of the inaugural 1895–96 season.
- 7 September – inaugural rugby league season begins.
Speed Skating World Championships
- Wimbledon Men's Singles Championship – Wilfred Baddeley (GB) defeats Wilberforce Eaves (GB) 4–6 2–6 8–6 6–2 6–3
- Wimbledon Women's Singles Championship – Charlotte Cooper Sterry (GB) defeats Helen Jackson (GB) 7–5 8–6
- American Men's Singles Championship – Fred Hovey defeats Robert Wrenn 6–3 6–2 6–4
- American Women's Singles Championship – Juliette Atkinson defeats Helen Hellwig 6–4 6–2 6–1
- 9 February – William G Morgan invents volleyball
- The New York Yacht Club retains the America's Cup as Defender defeats British challenger Valkyrie III, of the Royal Yacht Squadron, 3 races to 0. (Valkyrie III is disqualified in the second race and abandons the third.)
- Cyber Boxing Zone – Bob Fitzsimmons. Retrieved on 14 November 2009.
- "Cyber Boxing Zone". Archived from the original on 2009-06-20. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
- "Ces merveilleux fous roulants sur leurs drôles de machines". Le Figaro (in French). 9 July 2007. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- 1895 Grand Prix and Paris Races. Retrieved on 22 August 2009.