1897 in science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1887 . 1888 . 1889 . 1890 . 1891 . 1892 . 1893 ...
1894 1895 1896 -1897- 1898 1899 1900
... 1901 . 1902 . 1903 . 1904 . 1905 . 1906 . 1907 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
History of science
- Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld publishes Periplus: An Essay on the Early History of Charts and Sailing Directions in Stockholm.
- David Hilbert unifies the field of algebraic number theory with his treatise Zahlbericht.
- Henri Brocard begins publication of his source book on geometric curves, Notes de Bibliographie des Courbes Géométriques, in Bar-le-Duc.
- August 20 – Ronald Ross discovers the malaria Plasmodium in an Anopheles mosquito, demonstrating the transmission mechanism for the disease.
- Danish veterinarian Bernhard Bang isolates Brucella abortus as the agent of Brucellosis.
- Epinephrine discovered by John Jacob Abel.
- Chemists working at Bayer AG create a synthetically altered version of salicin which the company names Aspirin.
- L. Emmett Holt publishes the standard textbook The Diseases of Infancy and Childhood in New York.
- May 13 – Guglielmo Marconi sends the first ever wireless communication over open sea when the message "Are you ready" is transmitted across the Bristol Channel from Lavernock Point in South Wales to Flat Holm Island, a distance of 6 kilometres (3.7 mi).
- May 17 – Launch of the Holland VI (later USS Holland (SS-1)), designed by John Philip Holland, at Lewis Nixon's Crescent Shipyard in Elizabeth, New Jersey; this is the first submarine having power to run submerged for any considerable distance, and the first to combine electric motors for submerged travel and gasoline (Otto) engines for use on the surface.
- June 26 – At the British Fleet Review, Charles Parsons gives a spectacular display of the unprecedented speed attainable by his steam turbine-powered Turbinia.
- August 10 – Rudolf Diesel builds his first working prototype Diesel engine in Augsburg.
- The Dahlander pole changing motor is patented.
- Hiram P. Maxim develops the muffler in conjunction with the firearm silencer (suppressor).
- March 24 – Wilhelm Reich (died 1957), psychoanalyst.
- July 20 – Tadeus Reichstein (died 1996), Nobel Prize-winning chemist.
- August 12 – Otto Struve (died 1963), astronomer.
- September 12 – Irène Joliot-Curie (died 1956), scientist.
- November 4 – C. B. van Niel (died 1985), microbiologist.
- November 13 – Tilly Edinger (died 1967), paleoneurologist.
- January 25 – David Kirkaldy (born 1820), Scottish-born engineer, pioneer of materials testing.
- February 19 – Karl Weierstrass (born 1815), German mathematician.
- March 15 – James Joseph Sylvester (born 1814), English mathematician.
- May 6
- August 27 – Eduard von Hofmann (born 1837), Austrian forensic pathologist.
- October 19 – George Pullman (born 1831), American inventor.
- October 31 – Samuel Haughton (born 1821), Irish scientific polymath.
- "Joseph John Thomson". Chemical Achievers: The Human Face of Chemical Sciences. Chemical Heritage Foundation. 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-22.
- Guggenbuhl, Laura (December 1953). "Henri Brocard and the Geometry of the Triangle". The Mathematical Gazette (London: Mathematical Association) 37 (322): 241–243. JSTOR 3610034.
- Silva, Maria do Céu; Duarte, António Leal; de Sá, Carlos Correia (June 2004). "Gallery: Francisco Gomes Teixeira". CIM Bulletin (Centro Internacional de Matemática) 16. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
- "Ross and the Discovery that Mosquitoes Transmit Malaria Parasites". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2010. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- "Marconi's Waves". BBC Wales. Archived from the original on 2007-01-20.
- Russell, Phil (1999). "Sir Charles Algernon Parsons (1854-1931)". Navies in Transition. Archived from the original on 2010-01-18. Retrieved 2010-09-09.