1899 Cleveland Spiders season

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1899 Cleveland Spiders
Major League affiliations
Location
Other information
Owner(s) Frank Robison
Manager(s) Lave Cross, Joe Quinn
Previous season     

The 1899 Cleveland Spiders season took place in American baseball. It was their 13th season in the major leagues, their 11th season in the National League and their last season in existence.

In 1899, the owners of the Spiders, the Robison brothers, Frank and Stanley, bought the St. Louis Browns baseball club from Chris von der Ahe, renaming it the Perfectos. However, they continued to retain ownership of the Cleveland club, an obvious conflict of interest that was later outlawed.

Stanley Robison publicly announced his intention to run the Spiders "as a sideshow," and fans apparently took him at his word. Through the first 16 home games, Cleveland's total attendance was 3,179, an average of 199 people per game. Due to lackluster ticket sales, other NL teams refused to travel to Cleveland's League Park, as their cut of the ticket revenue didn't cover their travel and hotel expenses. As a result, the Spiders only played 26 more home games for the rest of the season, including only eight after July 1. In so doing, they set a number of negative records, including one, 101 road losses, that is unbreakable under MLB's current schedule. Sportswriters of the day began referring to the team as the "Exiles" and "Wanderers." Their final record for the season was 20–134 for a winning percentage of .130, the worst in baseball history.

Offseason[edit]

The Robisons decided that a good team in St. Louis would draw more fans, so they transferred most of the Cleveland stars, including future Hall of Famers Cy Young, Jesse Burkett and Bobby Wallace, as well as manager Patsy Tebeau, to St. Louis. Most of the players Cleveland received were non-entities. Jack Clements (known to history as one of MLB's few left-handed throwing catchers) and Joe Quinn were at the end of successful careers, and player-manager Lave Cross was traded back to St. Louis after the Spiders got off to an 8–30 start.

According to various individual pages at Baseball-Reference, most of this activity took place on March 29, 1899, just 17 days before the beginning of the new season:

Pitchers
Frank Bates, Nig Cuppy, Cowboy Jones, Pete McBride, Jack Powell, Zeke Wilson, Cy Young to St. Louis
Kid Carsey, Jim Hughey, Harry Maupin, Willie Sudhoff to Cleveland
Catchers
Lou Criger, Jack O'Connor[1] to St. Louis
Jack Clements, Joe Sugden to Cleveland
Infielders
Jimmy Burke, Cupid Childs, Ed McKean, Ossee Schreckengost, Bobby Wallace to St. Louis
Patsy Tebeau to St. Louis (to be manager)
Joe Quinn, Suter Sullivan, Tommy Tucker to Cleveland
Lave Cross to Cleveland (to be player-manager)
Outfielders
Harry Blake, Jesse Burkett, Emmet Heidrick to St. Louis
Tommy Dowd, Dick Harley to Cleveland

They also transferred numerous home games to the road—including the original Opening Day game to St. Louis. As a result, the Spiders did not play their first home game until May 1.

Regular season[edit]

With a decimated roster, it was apparent almost from the start that the Spiders would make a wretched showing. In their first game, they were beaten by the Perfectos 10–1. The next day, the front-page headline on The Plain Dealer read "THE FARCE HAS BEGUN."

Ultimately, the club finished 20–134 (.130) and lost 40 of their last 41 games of the season. By season's end, they trailed the pennant-winning Brooklyn Superbas by 84 games. Cleveland was 35 games behind the next-to-last (11th) place Washington Senators. For comparison, this would project to 21-141 under the current schedule, and Pythagorean expectation based on the Spiders' results and the current 162 game schedule would translate to a record of 25-137.

The 1899 Spiders were 11–101 (.098) on the road and 9–33 (.214) at home; the 101 road losses is far and away the most in major-league history, and will never be threatened, since under current scheduling practices a team can play no more than 81 road games. The team's longest winning streak of the season was two games, which they accomplished once: on May 20 against the Phillies and May 21 against Louisville. Spiders opponents scored ten or more runs 49 times in 154 games. Pitchers Jim Hughey (4–30) and Charlie Knepper (4–22) tied for the team lead in wins. The pitching staff allowed a record 1,252 runs in 154 games. The Spiders batters combined to hit 12 home runs, matching former Spiders star Bobby Wallace, who hit 12 home runs for St. Louis. Just 6,088 fans paid for Spiders home games in 1899, an average attendance figure of 145 people per game. (For the sake of comparison, St. Louis drew 373,909 fans for their season, and 15,000 for one game—their home opener against the Spiders.) In the last 57 games of the season, the Spiders only won three games.[2]

Aftermath[edit]

The dismal 1899 season was the end for the Spiders and for National League baseball in Cleveland. The Spiders were disbanded, along with franchises in Baltimore, Louisville, and Washington, as the National League contracted from 12 teams to 8. The departure of baseball from Cleveland left an opening for the upstart American League, which opened for business in 1901 as a second major league and included among its charter members a new team, the Cleveland Blues. The Blues still exist today as the Cleveland Indians.

Season standings[edit]

National League W L Pct. GB Home Road
Brooklyn Superbas 101 47 0.682 61–16 40–31
Boston Beaneaters 95 57 0.625 8 53–26 42–31
Philadelphia Phillies 94 58 0.618 9 58–25 36–33
Baltimore Orioles 86 62 0.581 15 51–24 35–38
St. Louis Perfectos 84 67 0.556 18½ 50–33 34–34
Cincinnati Reds 83 67 0.553 19 57–29 26–38
Pittsburgh Pirates 76 73 0.510 25½ 49–34 27–39
Chicago Orphans 75 73 0.507 26 44–39 31–34
Louisville Colonels 75 77 0.493 28 33–28 42–49
New York Giants 60 90 0.400 42 35–38 25–52
Washington Senators 54 98 0.355 49 35–43 19–55
Cleveland Spiders 20 134 0.130 84 9–33 11–101


Opening Day lineup[edit]

Notable transactions[edit]

  • June 5, 1899: Some of the March 29 activity was undone. Willie Sudhoff and Lave Cross were sent by the Spiders back to the Perfectos, with Frank Bates and Ossee Schreckengost coming back to Cleveland.

Roster[edit]

1899 Cleveland Spiders
Roster
Pitchers Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders Manager

Player stats[edit]

Batting[edit]

Starters by position[edit]

Note: Pos = position; G = Games played; AB = At Bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting Average; HR = Home Runs; RBI = Runs Batted In

Pos Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
C Sugden, JoeJoe Sugden 76 250 69 .276 0 14
1B Tucker, TommyTommy Tucker 127 456 110 .241 0 40
2B Quinn, JoeJoe Quinn 147 615 176 .286 0 72
3B Sullivan, SuterSuter Sullivan 127 473 116 .245 0 55
SS Lochhead, HarryHarry Lochhead 148 541 129 .238 1 43
OF Dowd, TommyTommy Dowd 147 605 168 .278 2 35
OF Harley, DickDick Harley 142 567 142 .250 1 50
OF McAllister, SportSport McAllister 113 418 99 .237 1 31

Other batters[edit]

Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
Hemphill, CharlieCharlie Hemphill 55 202 56 .277 2 23
Cross, LaveLave Cross 38 154 44 .286 1 20
Schreckengost, OsseeOssee Schreckengost 43 150 47 .313 0 10
Duncan, JimJim Duncan 31 105 24 .229 2 9
Zimmer, ChiefChief Zimmer 20 73 25 .342 2 14
Krueger, OttoOtto Krueger 13 44 10 .227 0 2
Stivetts, JackJack Stivetts 18 39 8 .205 0 2
Sockalexis, LouisLouis Sockalexis 7 22 6 .273 0 3
Clements, JackJack Clements 4 12 3 .250 0 0
Bristow, GeorgeGeorge Bristow 3 8 1 .125 0 0
Ziegler, CharlieCharlie Ziegler 2 8 2 .250 0 0

Pitching[edit]

Starting pitchers[edit]

Player G IP W L ERA SO
Hughey, JimJim Hughey 36 283 4 30 5.41 54
Knepper, CharlieCharlie Knepper 27 219.2 4 22 5.78 43
Bates, FrankFrank Bates 20 153 1 18 7.24 13
Schmit, CrazyCrazy Schmit 20 138.1 2 17 5.86 24
Colliflower, HarryHarry Colliflower 14 98 1 11 8.17 8
Hill, BillBill Hill 11 72.1 3 6 6.97 26
Sudhoff, WillieWillie Sudhoff 11 86.1 3 8 6.98 10
Carsey, KidKid Carsey 10 77.2 1 8 5.68 11
Harper, JackJack Harper 5 37 1 4 3.89 14
Wilson, HighballHighball Wilson 1 8 0 1 9.00 1
Kolb, EddieEddie Kolb 1 8 0 1 10.13 1

Other pitchers[edit]

Player G IP W L ERA
Maupin, HarryHarry Maupin 5 25 0 3 12.60

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jack O'Connor page at Baseball Reference
  2. ^ Crazy ’08: How a cast of Cranks, Rogues, Boneheads and Magnates created the Greatest Year in Baseball History, p. 165, by Cait Murphy, Smithsonian Books, a Division of Harper Collins, 2007, ISBN 978-0-06-088937-1

References[edit]

External links[edit]