1899 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1889 . 1890 . 1891 . 1892 . 1893 . 1894 . 1895 ...
1896 1897 1898 -1899- 1900 1901 1902
... 1903 . 1904 . 1905 . 1906 . 1907 . 1908 . 1909 ...
In poetry: 1896 1897 1898 -1899- 1900 1901 1902
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
The year 1899 in literature involved some significant new books.
- January 21 - French actress Sarah Bernhardt, having taken over management of the Paris theatre which she renames the Théâtre Sarah-Bernhardt, opens in the title rôle of Victorien Sardou's La Tosca. On May 20 she premières an adaptation of Shakespeare's Hamlet with herself in the title rôle (sic.)
- March 20 - W. H. Davies, "tramp-poet", loses his foot trying to jump a freight train at Renfrew, Ontario.
- April - Karl Kraus establishes the radical periodical Die Fackel ("The Torch") in Vienna.
- April–June - Rainer Maria Rilke (an art student at this time) travels to Moscow to meet Leo Tolstoy.
- May–December - Winston Churchill's only work of fiction, Savrola: A Tale of the Revolution in Laurania, is serialized in Macmillan's Magazine.
- May 8 - The Irish Literary Theatre, founded by W. B. Yeats, Augusta, Lady Gregory, George Moore and Edward Martyn, stages its first performance in Dublin, a version of Yeats' verse drama The Countess Cathleen.
- June 20 - English writer Edward Thomas marries Helen Noble at Fulham register office.
- September 1 - The National Theatre in Norway opens with performances of pieces by Holberg.
- September - The British Mutoscope and Biograph Company's King John (a very short silent film starring Herbert Beerbohm Tree) becomes the first known film based on a Shakespeare play.
- November - The oldest surviving Japanese film, Momijigari, is shot by Tsunekichi Shibata in Tokyo as a record of kabuki actors Onoe Kikugorō V and Ichikawa Danjūrō IX performing a scene from the play Momijigari.
- November 6 - William Gillette's play Sherlock Holmes, based on the writings of Arthur Conan Doyle, opens in New York City.
- November 7 (October 26 Old Style) - Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya receives its metropolitan première at the Moscow Art Theatre with Konstantin Stanislavski directing and playing the role of Astrov and Olga Knipper as Yeléna.
- December 12 - Herbert Putnam is appointed Librarian of Congress in the United States, where he will introduce into practice the Library of Congress Classification scheme.
- December - The imprisoned William Sydney Porter's pseudonym O. Henry first appears over the short story "Whistling Dick's Christmas Stocking" in this month's McClure's Magazine.
- Curtis Brown (literary agents) established in London by American Albert Curtis Brown.
- Edgar Rice Burroughs begins working in his father's business.
- Simon Pokagon's O-gi-maw-kwe Mit-I-gwa-ki (Queen of the Woods) is published, the first novel both by and about Native Americans in the United States.
- Arthur Machen's wife Amy dies after a long illness, an event that has a devastating effect on him.
- The Irish Literary Theatre is founded by William Butler Yeats, Augusta, Lady Gregory, George Moore and Edward Martyn.
New prose fiction
- Anna Adolph - Arqtiq
- Machado de Assis - Dom Casmurro
- L. Frank Baum - Father Goose: His Book
- René Bazin - La terre qui meurt
- René Boylesve - Demoiselle Cloque
- Mary Elizabeth Braddon - His Darling Sin
- Rhoda Broughton - The Game and the Candle
- Charles Waddell Chesnutt - The Conjure Woman
- Mary Cholmondeley - Red Pottage
- Kate Chopin - The Awakening
- Ralph Connor - The Sky Pilot
- Joseph Conrad - serializations in Blackwood's Magazine
- Stephen Crane - The Monster and Other Stories
- Margaret Deland - Old Chester Tales
- Géza Gárdonyi - Eclipse of the Crescent Moon
- Maxim Gorky - Foma Gordyeeff
- G. A. Henty - The Golden Canon
- E. W. Hornung - The Amateur Cracksman
- Henry James - The Awkward Age
- Selma Lagerlöf - The Tale of a Manor
- Octave Mirbeau - The Torture Garden
- A.E.W. Mason - Man and His Kingdom
- Arthur Morrison - To London Town
- Frank Norris
- George Paston - A Writer of Books
- Władysław Reymont - The Promised Land (Ziemia Obiecana; book publication)
- Somerville and Ross - Some Experiences of an Irish R.M. (collected stories)
- Leo Tolstoy - Resurrection
- Juan Valera y Alcalá-Galiano - Morsamor
- Émile Zola - Fécondité
- Georges Feydeau - La Dame de chez Maxim
- Clyde Fitch - Barbara Frietchie'
- Leon Kobrin - Minna or, The Ruined Family from Downtown
- Arthur Wing Pinero - The Gay Lord Quex
- William Young (adaptation) - Ben-Hur
- Qasim Amin - The Liberation of Women
- Edward Bernstein - Evolutionary Socialism
- Houston Stewart Chamberlain - The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century (Die Grundlagen des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts)
- Percy Dearmer - The Parson's Handbook
- John Dewey - The School and Society
- Elbert Hubbard - A Message to Garcia
- January 17 – Nevil Shute (Nevil Shute Norway), English novelist (died 1960)
- February 3 – Lao She, Chinese author (died 1966)
- February 23 – Erich Kästner, German children's author (died 1974)
- March 8 – Eric Linklater, Welsh-born Scottish novelist and travel writer (died 1974)
- March 25 – Jacques Audiberti, French playwright (died 1965)
- April 22 – Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born novelist (died 1977)
- May 8 – Friedrich Hayek, Austrian-born social scientist (died 1992)
- May 24
- July 8 – G. B. Edwards, Guernsey-born writer (died 1976)
- July 21
- August 9 – P. L. Travers (Helen Lyndon Goff), Australian children's writer (died 1996)
- August 24 – Jorge Luis Borges, Argentinian writer (died 1986)
- August 27 – C. S. Forester, Egyptian-born English adventure novelist (died 1966)
- November 10 – Kate Seredy, Hungarian-born American children's writer and illustrator (died 1975)
- November 17 – Roger Vitrac, French surrealist playwright and poet (died 1952)
- December 16 – Noël Coward, English playwright (died 1973)
- December 18 – Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian philosopher (died 1990)
- February 10 – Archibald Lampman, Canadian poet (born 1861)
- March 16 – Alexander Balloch Grosart, Scottish literary editor (born 1827)
- May 1 – Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher (born 1824)
- May 16 – Francisque Sarcey, French journalist and theater critic (born 1827)
- June 7 – Augustin Daly, American dramatist and theater manager (born 1838)
- June 30 – E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (born 1819)
- July 18 – Horatio Alger, Jr., American novelist and children's author (born 1832)
- August 27 – Vendela Hebbe, Swedish journalist and novelist (born 1808)
- August 29 – Catharine Parr Traill, English-born Canadian author (born 1802)
- October 25 – Grant Allen, Canadian science writer and novelist (born 1848)
- November 2 – Anna Swanwick, English feminist writer (born 1813)
- November 13 – Arthur Giry, French historian (born 1848)
- December 17 – Bernard Quaritch, German-born English bibliographer and bookseller (born 1819)
- December 22 – Dwight L. Moody, American preacher and publisher (born 1837)
- Moult, Thomas (1934). W. H. Davies. London: Thornton Butterworth.
- MacKay, K. L. "Native American Literature - selected bibliography". Retrieved 2014-02-21.
- Harold Edgeworth Butler, Arcadia, the Newdigate Prize Poem, 1899. B. H. Blackwell, 1899