1899 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1889 . 1890 . 1891 . 1892 . 1893 . 1894 . 1895 ...
1896 1897 1898 -1899- 1900 1901 1902
... 1903 . 1904 . 1905 . 1906 . 1907 . 1908 . 1909 ...
In poetry: 1896 1897 1898 -1899- 1900 1901 1902
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
The year 1899 in literature involved some significant new books.
- January 21 - French actress Sarah Bernhardt, having taken over management of the Paris theatre which she renames the Théâtre Sarah-Bernhardt, opens in the title rôle of Victorien Sardou's La Tosca. On May 20 she premières an adaptation of Shakespeare's Hamlet with herself in the title rôle (sic.)
- March 20 - W. H. Davies, "tramp-poet", loses his foot trying to jump a freight train at Renfrew, Ontario.
- May–December - Winston Churchill's only work of fiction, Savrola: A Tale of the Revolution in Laurania, is serialized in Macmillan's Magazine.
- September 1 - The National Theatre in Norway opens with performances of pieces by Holberg.
- September - The British Mutoscope and Biograph Company's King John (a very short silent film starring Herbert Beerbohm Tree) becomes the first known film based on a Shakespeare play.
- November 6 - William Gillette's play Sherlock Holmes, based on the writings of Arthur Conan Doyle, opens in New York City.
- November 7 (October 26 Old Style) - Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya receives its metropolitan première at the Moscow Art Theatre with Konstantin Stanislavski directing and playing the role of Astrov and Olga Knipper as Yeléna.
- December 12 - Herbert Putnam is appointed Librarian of Congress in the United States, where he will introduce into practice the Library of Congress Classification scheme.
- December - The imprisoned William Sydney Porter's pseudonym O. Henry first appears over the short story "Whistling Dick's Christmas Stocking" in this month's McClure's Magazine.
- Curtis Brown (literary agents) established in London by American Albert Curtis Brown.
- Edgar Rice Burroughs begins working in his father's business.
- Karl Kraus establishes the radical periodical Die Fackel ("The Torch") in Vienna.
- Simon Pokagon's O-gi-maw-kwe Mit-I-gwa-ki (Queen of the Woods) is published, the first novel both by and about Native Americans in the United States.
- Rainer Maria Rilke travels to Moscow to meet Leo Tolstoy.
- Arthur Machen's wife Amy dies after a long illness, an event that has a devastating effect on him.
- The Irish Literary Theatre is founded by William Butler Yeats, Augusta, Lady Gregory, George Moore and Edward Martyn.
New prose fiction
- Anna Adolph - Arqtiq
- Machado de Assis - Dom Casmurro
- L. Frank Baum - Father Goose: His Book
- René Bazin - La terre qui meurt
- René Boylesve - Demoiselle Cloque
- Mary Elizabeth Braddon - His Darling Sin
- Rhoda Broughton - The Game and the Candle
- Charles Waddell Chesnutt - The Conjure Woman
- Mary Cholmondeley - Red Pottage
- Kate Chopin - The Awakening
- Ralph Connor - The Sky Pilot
- Joseph Conrad - Heart of Darkness (in Blackwood's Magazine February–April)
- Stephen Crane - The Monster and Other Stories
- Margaret Deland - Old Chester Tales
- Géza Gárdonyi - Eclipse of the Crescent Moon
- Maxim Gorky - Foma Gordyeeff
- G. A. Henty - The Golden Canon
- Henry James - The Awkward Age
- Selma Lagerlöf - The Tale of a Manor
- Octave Mirbeau - The Torture Garden
- Arthur Morrison - To London Town
- Frank Norris
- Władysław Reymont - The Promised Land (Ziemia Obiecana; book publication)
- Somerville and Ross - Some Experiences of an Irish R.M. (collected stories)
- Leo Tolstoy - Resurrection
- Émile Zola - Fécondité
- George Paston - A Writer of Books
- Georges Feydeau - La Dame de chez Maxim
- Leon Kobrin - Minna or, The Ruined Family from Downtown
- Arthur Wing Pinero - The Gay Lord Quex
- Qasim Amin - The Liberation of Women.
- Edward Bernstein - Evolutionary Socialism.
- Percy Dearmer - The Parson's Handbook.
- John Dewey - The School and Society.
- Elbert Hubbard - A Message to Garcia.
- January 17 - Nevil Shute, born Nevil Shute Norway, English novelist (died 1960)
- February 3 - Lao She, Chinese author (died 1966)
- February 23 - Erich Kästner, German children's author (died 1974)
- March 25 - Jacques Audiberti, French playwright (died 1965)
- April 22 - Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born novelist (died 1977)
- May 8 - Friedrich Hayek, Austrian-born social scientist (died 1992)
- July 21
- August 9 - P. L. Travers, born Helen Lyndon Goff, Australian-born Mary Poppins author (died 1996)
- August 24 - Jorge Luis Borges, Argentinian writer (died 1986)
- August 27 - C. S. Forester, Egyptian-born English adventure novelist (died 1966)
- November 17 - Roger Vitrac, French surrealist playwright and poet (died 1952)
- December 16 - Noël Coward, English playwright (died 1973)
- December 18 - Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian philosopher (died 1990)
- February 10 - Archibald Lampman, poet (born 1861)
- March 16 - Alexander Balloch Grosart, literary editor (born 1827)
- May 1 - Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher (born 1824)
- May 16 - Francisque Sarcey, French journalist and theatre critic (born 1827)
- June 7 - Augustin Daly, dramatist and theatre manager (born 1838)
- June 30 - E. D. E. N. Southworth, novelist (born 1819)
- July 18 - Horatio Alger, Jr., novelist and children's author (born 1832)
- August 27 - Vendela Hebbe, Swedish journalist and novelist (born 1808)
- August 29 - Catharine Parr Traill, English-born author of "Canadiana" (born 1802)
- October 25 - Grant Allen, science writer and novelist (born 1848)
- November 2 - Anna Swanwick, feminist writer (born 1813)
- November 13 - Arthur Giry, historian (born 1848)
- December 22 - Dwight L. Moody, preacher and publisher (born 1837)
- Moult, Thomas (1934). W. H. Davies. London: Thornton Butterworth.
- MacKay, K. L. "Native American Literature - selected bibliography". Retrieved 2014-02-21.
- Harold Edgeworth Butler, Arcadia, the Newdigate Prize Poem, 1899. B. H. Blackwell, 1899